face transplant wrote:
heilsa wrote:we need more visualisation itt.
also we have to specify this shit. retruded/protuded in comparison to what? the forhead. the lower orbital rims? the eyeballs?
Seems to be lack of retrusion behind the eyeballs that correlates most with attractive men.
yeah so basically retruded lateral orbital rims means bug eyes...
there exists even a medical instrument that is used for measuring the degree of forward displacement of the eye, its called exophthalmometer (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Exophthalmometer
it measures the distance of the corneal apex from the level of the lateral orbital rim.
The normal range is 12–21 mm.
In children and teenagers mean exophthalmometric measurements increase with age: Less than 4 years old (13.2 mm), 5–8 years old (14.4mm), 9–12 years old (15.2 mm) and 13–17 years old (16.2 mm).
there are racial variations though:
We used the Hertel exophthalmometer to measure the degree of protrusion in 681 adults, ranging in age from 18 to 91 years. The 327 white and 354 black subjects had no history of orbital or endocrine disease, severe myopia (more than -7 diopters), or buphthalmos. The mean normal protrusion values were 16.5 mm in white men, 18.5 mm in black men, 15.4 mm in white women, and 17.8 mm in black women. Although protrusion values above 21 mm are usually considered abnormal, we found that the upper limits of normal were 21.7 mm for white men, 24.7 mm for black men, 20.1 mm for white women, and 23.0 mm for black women. These differences were statistically significant (P less than .025). No individual had more than 2 mm of asymmetry between eyes.
Normal Values of Hertel Exophthalmometry in a Chinese Han Population from Shenyang, Northeast China
a protusion of the globe greater than 18-20 mm is called exophthalmos and should be checked by a doctor because it is a hint for serious disease like eye-cancer or greaves' diseases.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Exophthalmos#cite_note-Epstein-1
- distance of the corneal apex from the level of the lateral orbital rim
- mean normal protrusion values were 16.5 mm
- protruded lateral orbital rims< 16,5 mm > retruded lateral orbital rims
- > + 20 mm should be checked by a doctor asap because it might be caused by several serious diseases
- surgery that might help: orbital decompression