A warning to autists regarding the inhabitants of Earth

Share your experiences with the opposite sex. Suggest ways to improve your success. Analyze the behavior of females in real life and online. Rant and rave about females. Show the importance of looks pertaining to attracting females and other social situations. Discuss aesthetics and the science of attractiveness. Exchange health, nutrition and looksmaxing tips.

Please leave this post in shitty advice where it can be seen 3dfa. It is a very important thread. Thank you.

This will be a multi post thread as I need to take a break after having spent many hours now formulating post one, I will shortly hereafter continue with a second post.

Also, please read this thread even though it is large. It is essentially the summary of the previous approximately four years of research I have done into this matter since originally speculating regarding it on this forum.

As you are all well aware, I have been for several years now studying matters in relation to psychosis and autism essentially, starting with my seminal post on the matter here (which is historical and incomparable to my current understanding of the matter, even as it was a largely correct intuit predating much of the academic literature regarding the matter):

viewtopic.php?f=27&t=97255&p=887575

Titled "theory of reality". In the subsequent nearly four years I have dedicated a substantial amount of my time to scientifically and academically characterizing my original intuit regarding this matter, and believe that today I have a substantially scientific grasp of the phenomenon (though more research is of course in order, as there are numerous open research questions still essentially). I encourage all sane individuals, predominantly consisting of autists, to read this post so as to come to awareness of the dire situation we find ourselves in.

There is a very large amount of material I would like to cover, including concrete manifestations of the phenomenon, and yet I will start with a general background and subsequently will post concrete examples. I encourage you to pay attention to the quality of my citations and so on, which will range from rather lower quality in that they are media sources either of professional generalized journalistic organizations to more commonly specialized publications oriented toward an educated lay audience in a particular field, to even very high quality academic journal publications. I typically attempt to use higher quality sources in the construction of such narratives, and yet only a subset of my citations would be sufficient for use in an actual academic journal publication.

In many cases the lower quality citations are nevertheless capturing statements made by professional academics in the pertinent areas, and therefore are reflective of academic thought. For example, the 'what is psychosis' citation shortly hereafter is not to an academic journal, yet was reviewed by a medical professional. In many cases the lower quality citations can be dereferenced to academic studies they discuss, and although in the near future I plan to do such dereferencing toward confirming the correct characterization of the research as I will be writing an actual academic paper on this matter and submitting it for peer review, I am not for the sake of this post going to do so, but rather give you an assurance of my intention to honestly signal essentially, in that I am not including such things if I believe that I will not be able to largely support them with more rigorous citations to the peer reviewed literature.

The general starting point from which to approach this subject is with an understanding that autism is in many fashions an inversion of psychosis, particularly schizophrenic psychosis but also with substantial inversion of manic psychosis.

https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/th ... conclusion

The authors conclude that what they found “is the opposite pattern to autism and therefore consistent with the autism-psychosis model which proposes that these clinical disorders reside at diametrically opposing poles of a single continuum.


https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn ... opposites/

Autism and schizophrenia may be two sides of the same coin, suggests a review of genetic data associated with the conditions. The finding could help design complementary treatments for the two disorders.

Though autism was originally described as a form of schizophrenia a century ago, evidence for a link has remained equivocal. One theory puts the conditions at opposite ends of a developmental spectrum.



http://www.healthline.com/health/psychosis

What is psychosis?

Psychosis is characterized by an impaired relationship with reality.
And it is a symptom of serious mental disorders. People who are psychotic may have either hallucinations or delusions.


https://journals.plos.org/plosone/artic ... ne.0128102

Males and females in the general population differ, on average, in their drive for empathizing (higher in females) and systemizing (higher in males). People with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) show a drive for systemizing over empathizing, irrespective of sex, which led to the conceptualisation of ASD as an ‘extreme of the typical male brain’. The opposite cognitive profile, an ‘extreme of the typical female brain’, has been proposed to be linked to conditions such as psychosis and mania/hypomania.


As a slight aside, I am most familiar with the schizophrenia oriented form of psychosis, and much of what I have remaining to do is researching regarding the mania variants toward adding the finishing touches to the theory. So I will predominantly be focusing on schizophrenic like psychosis, yet will reference on occasion manic psychosis as well, even as I am somewhat less familiar with it. When I refer to psychosis, I typically specifically mean schizophrenic like psychosis, and yet this is in many ways going to be related to manic like psychosis and I simply have not studied the neuroscience of manic psychosis substantially at this point in time as to be able to say that everything I say in regard to psychosis is equally applicable to the manic as opposed to schizophrenic subtypes. In some manners there are going to be differences, for example schizophrenic subtype psychosis is associated with animism whereas I am doubtful that manic subtype psychosis will be.

This can be seen at very many layers of abstraction, ranging from the very low level of genomic to the highest level of clinically presentational:

https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn ... opposites/

The researchers found four regions in the genome which dramatically affect the risk of autism or schizophrenia. Called “copy-number variants”, these are stretches of DNA with seemingly accidental duplications or deletions. Crespi’s team found that the presence of a particular variant – a duplication, say – was often associated with autism while the opposite variation – a deletion of the genetic material – was linked to schizophrenia.


https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog ... -psychosis

Genome Study Finds Empathy Opposite in Autism vs. Psychosis

Empathy is linked to both being female and to psychosis, but not to autism.


Empathy is a key mentalistic ability which is said to be deficient in both autistics and psychotics, along with most other such skills. But according to the diametric model of mental illness, autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is symptomatically the opposite of psychotic spectrum disorder (PSD), such as schizophrenia. Indeed, according to the model, empathy can even be an instance of hyper-mentalism, as I showed in a previous post.

Now the first genome-wide association study (GWAS) to do so has examined self-reported measures of empathy, notably Empathy Quotient (EQ), in 46,861 research participants recruited from 23andMe Inc. As figure 3 below from the paper reporting the findings illustrates:


Image

As predicted, based on earlier work, we confirmed a significant female advantage on the EQ (…). We identified similar SNP heritability and high genetic correlation between the sexes. Also, as predicted, we identified a significant negative genetic correlation between autism and the EQ (…). We also identified a significant positive genetic correlation between the EQ and risk for schizophrenia (…), risk for anorexia nervosa (…), and extraversion (…).


Indeed, in the figure above the autism plot is an almost exact mirror image of the schizophrenia one.


From a neuroscience perspective, we can see an inversion as well regarding the glutamatergic system, at least specifically to the NMDAR system, with schizophrenics having hypofunction of the NMDA system:

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/a ... 5699000291

Several decades of research attempting to explain schizophrenia in terms of the dopamine hyperactivity hypothesis have produced disappointing results. A new hypothesis focusing on hypofunction of the NMDA glutamate transmitter system is emerging as a potentially more promising concept. In this article, we present a version of the NMDA receptor hypofunction hypothesis that has evolved from our recent studies pertaining to the neurotoxic and psychotomimetic effects of PCP and related NMDA antagonist drugs. In this article, we examine this hypothesis in terms of its strengths and weaknesses, its therapeutic implications and ways in which it can be further tested.


With indicators of autistic individuals, conversely, having increased glutamatergic agonization of NMDAR:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?ter ... ailssearch

RESULTS:

Serum levels (mean = 89.2 microM, S.D. = 21.5) of glutamate in the patients with autism were significantly (t = -4.48, df = 35, p < 0.001) higher than those (mean = 61.1 microM, S.D. = 16.5) of normal controls.



https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4938426/

Twelve studies involving 880 participants and 446 incident cases were included in this meta-analysis. The meta-analysis provided evidence for higher blood glutamate levels in ASD


This glutamatergic inversion coincides with an inversion of higher level anti-correlated neural construct activation patterns:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23049758

A prominent feature of the human brain's global architecture is the anticorrelation of default-mode vs. task-positive systems. Here,we show that administration of an NMDA glutamate receptor antagonist, ketamine, disrupted the reciprocal relationship between these systems in terms of task-dependent activation and connectivity during performance of delayed working memory. Furthermore, the degree of this disruption predicted task performance and transiently evoked symptoms characteristic of schizophrenia.


https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4140620/

The DMN is involved with processes of self-reflection, social cognition, and mind-wandering. Hyperconnectivity has been noted in the DMN of individuals at high risk for developing schizophrenia.

Whitfield-Gabrieli et al39 studied patients with schizophrenia; young, at-risk, first-degree relatives; and unaffected controls using fMRI during alternating conditions of wakeful rest and a focused working memory task. While the unaffected controls showed predictable deactivation of DMN during active task, the patients and relatives showed diminished deactivation, as well as greater activity in right DLPFC. This finding has essentially been replicated twice by two other research groups.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Autism

ASD-related patterns of low function and aberrant activation in the brain differ depending on whether the brain is doing social or nonsocial tasks.[97] In autism there is evidence for reduced functional connectivity of the default network, a large-scale brain network involved in social and emotional processing, with intact connectivity of the task-positive network, used in sustained attention and goal-directed thinking. In people with autism the two networks are not negatively correlated in time, suggesting an imbalance in toggling between the two networks, possibly reflecting a disturbance of self-referential thought.[98]


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_vestigiality

In the context of human evolution, human vestigiality involves those traits (such as organs or behaviors) occurring in humans that have lost all or most of their original function through evolution. Although structures called vestigial often appear functionless, a vestigial structure may retain lesser functions or develop minor new ones. In some cases, structures once identified as vestigial simply had an unrecognized function.


https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/154f/9 ... b09f17.pdf

Both identify areas in the DMN and TPN associated with System 1 and System 2 reasoning respectively.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dual_process_theory

System 2 in humans

System 2 is evolutionarily recent and specific to humans.



Which is why such pharmacologically inverted treatments targeting NMDAR are for autism and schizophrenia currently in clinical trials:

https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02611921

Study of Intranasal Ketamine for Social Impairment in Autism Spectrum Disorder


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NMDA_receptor_modulator

NMDA receptor modulators (glutamate modulators) are a new form of antipsychotic that are in Phase II FDA study. The first compound studied was glycine which was hypothesized by Daniel Javitt after observation that people with phencyclidine(PCP)-induced psychosis were lacking in glutamate transmission.[1] (PCP is an NMDA receptor antagonist that blocks glutamate) In giving glycine to people with PCP-induced psychosis a recovery rate was noted. From there, it was hypothesized that people with psychosis from schizophrenia would benefit from increased glutamate transmission and glycine was added with strong recovery rates noted especially in the area of negative and cognitive symptoms. Glycine, however, sporadic results aside (dose 60 g/day or 0.8 g/kg,[2][3] approximately the amount in 300 g of gelatin powder or two kilograms of sunflower seeds[4]) remains an adjunct antipsychotic and an unworkable compound. However, the Eli Lilly and Company study drug LY2140023 is being studied as a primary antipsychotic and is showing strong recovery rates, especially in the area of negative and cognitive symptoms of schizophrenia. Tardive dyskinesia, diabetes and other standard complications have not been noted:

Treatment with LY2140023, like treatment with olanzapine, was safe and well-tolerated; treated patients showed statistically significant improvements in both positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia compared to placebo (P o 0.001 at week 4). Notably, patients treated with LY2140023 did not differ from placebo-treated patients with respect to prolactin elevation, extrapyramidal symptoms or weight gain. These data suggest that mGlu2/3 receptor agonists have antipsychotic properties and may provide a new alternative for the treatment of schizophrenia.[5]

Other NMDA receptor modulators are being studied and this modality of treatment may once approved as antipsychotic medications gradually replace the current (dopaminergic) antipsychotics.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glycine#cite_note-26

Glycine is a required co-agonist along with glutamate for NMDA receptors. In contrast to the inhibitory role of glycine in the spinal cord, this behaviour is facilitated at the (NMDA) glutamatergic receptors which are excitatory.[26]



This inversion of higher level anti-correlated neural construct activation patterns, from a higher level psychological perspective, is construable as an inversion of cognitive style and cognitive functionality:

https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/154f/9 ... b09f17.pdf

System 1 has been variously characterized as 'intuitive', 'emotion-driven' and 'experiential'; whereas System 2 has been characterized as, 'controlled', 'rule-based', 'rational' and 'analytic'. We know of two lines of work which link cognitive neuroscience to this classical form of dual process theory:one which looks at logical reasoning (Goel and Dolan, 2003), the other moral judgments (Greene et al., 2004). Both identify areas in the DMN and TPN associated with System 1 and System 2 reasoning respectively. Hence, the link between dual-process theories of cognition and the DMN vs.TPN dichotomy appears worthy of further investigation.


Which results in, due to the anti-correlation, distinct modes of cognitive processing, two of the gestalt views of which can be called "folk physics" and "folk psychology":

http://psycnet.apa.org/psycinfo/2007-01999-004

Autism: Deficits in folk psychology exist alongside superiority in folk physics.

According to Pinker, among others, the evolution of the human mind should be considered in terms of its evolved adaptedness to the environment (Pinker 1997). On this view, the brain needed to be able to maximize the survival of its host body in response to at least two broad challenges: predicting the physical and the social environment. The specialized cognitive domains of folk psychology (searching for the mental or intentional causes behind agent-type events) and folk physics (searching for the physical causes of any other kind of event) can be seen as adaptations to each of these. In this chapter I explore the possibility that a cognitive profile of superior folk physics alongside impaired folk psychology could arise for genetic reasons. This assumes that some brains are equally well adapted to understanding both the social and physical environment, whilst others are better adapted to understanding the physical environment and yet others are better adapted to understanding the social environment. Both clinical and experimental tests of this profile in children with autism and Asperger's Syndrome will be reviewed


Which correspond to things that can be called "the moral truth" (though I prefer social truth), and "the empirical truth" (the scientific truth):

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4805169/

Finally, we have demonstrated that attention to engaging social stimuli not only activates the DMN but also deactivates the TPN. In a subsequent study[30] it was shown that this pattern of DMN activation and TPN deactivation was present for humanizing depictions of individuals, whereas dehumanizing depictions, which are associated with decreased moral concern, either involved decreased activity in the DMN or increased activity in the TPN. Taken together, these findings suggest that we are neurologically constrained from simultaneously exercising moral concern and analytic thinking.


https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2 ... 151838.htm

"These findings," Friedman continued, "are consistent with the philosophical view, espoused by (Immanuel) Kant, according to which there are two distinct types of truth: empirical and moral."


The accessing one of which, due to the anti-correlation, results in the inability to access the other. This is equivalent to two distinct states of anosognosia (when used in the somewhat generalized sense of 'a lack of insight'):

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4140620/

(though I somewhat will be redefining clinical insight, for now I will be using the existent scientific literature):

There are self-administered, validated tools as well, such as the Beck Cognitive Insight Scale (BCIS),11 which is based on a separation of the concepts of “cognitive insight” and “clinical insight.” Clinical insight is described as the awareness of mental illness requiring treatment, while cognitive insight encompasses the patient’s ability to evaluate, reappraise, and modify distorted beliefs or misperceptions. These interpretations are regulated at a “higher level” of cognition, also called metacognition, allowing clinicians to assess self-regulating and self-monitoring functions of thought processes. The BCIS assesses a patient’s objectivity about delusional thinking, previous errors, reattribution of false explanations, and ability to receive corrective information from others. It includes self-reflectiveness and self-certainty subscales in order to measure willingness and capacity to entertain alternate explanations and over-confidence in validity of beliefs.


One of these forms of anosognosia (clinical) arises from the lack of activation of the default mode network due to activation of the task positive network, which, if intrinsically in anti-correlation, results intrinsically in an inability for the insight the DMN is capable of:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4140620/

Liemburg et al40 studied connectivity within the DMN and hypothesized that poor-insight patients (n=19) would show greater connectivity impairment than their good-insight peers (n=25). Insight grouping was assigned on the basis of the PANSS insight item (G12). All subjects underwent resting fMRI. Results showed that “schizophrenia patients with relatively preserved insight showed stronger connectivity than patients with poor insight in the anterior cingulate cortex and precuneus, both key regions in self-reflective processing. These findings tentatively support the hypothesis that poor insight may be related to impaired self-related processing.” In other words, poor insight was associated with a relative breakdown of DMN connectivity and operations.


While the inverse form of anosognosia (cognitive) has the exact opposite etiology, namely a failure to maintain activation of the TPN due to the activation of the anti-correlated DMN:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4140620/

The results showed a correlation between insight as measured by the BCIS self-reflectiveness index and lower gray matter volume in the right ventrolateral prefrontal cortex (VLPFC). The VLPFC is involved in working memory and decision making. The findings suggest that a reduced VLPFC volume corresponds with a diminished capacity to entertain alternative explanations about one’s misperceptions leading to impairment in awareness of illness.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interacti ... 28vlPFC.29

The ventrolateral prefrontal cortex (vlPFC) is a subdivision of the prefrontal cortex. Its involvement in modulating existing behavior and emotional output given contextual demands has been studied extensively using cognitive reappraisal studies and emotion-attention tasks. Cognitive reappraisal studies indicate the vlFPC’s role in reinterpreting stimuli, and reducing or augmenting responses. Studies using emotion-attention tasks demonstrate the vlFPC’s function in ignoring emotional distractions while the brain is engaged in performing other tasks.[6]


http://childhood-developmental-disorder ... p?aid=8553

(though I do note the oddity of the dlPFC activation here as contrasted with the dlPFC activation in schizophrenia concomitant DMN diminished deactivation. My narrative is not without some fuzz, some need to further refine it, to pick of bits of inconsistency toward bringing it toward ultimate correctness, but rather is a generally rigorous narrative trying to capture something extremely complex, and being inherently without perfection just as science is without being settled but rather is a progressive process by which we come closer to correctness):

Prefrontal activation in the dlPFC and vlPFC was also associated with deactivation in the DMN, during experiential focus and without previous training [24]. The engagement of prefrontal areas seems concomitant to the disengagement of limbic and DMN systems.


https://www.europeanneuropsychopharmaco ... 24-977X(17)31999-5/pdf

IPC and VLPFC belong to the ventral attentional network that supports attentional filtering and reorienting towards the environment (Corbetta et al., 2008), and is anti-correlated with the preACC/DMN, involved in self- referential processes ( Fox and Raichle, 2007).


This manifests across a range of rather discrete states of catatonia, associated with distinct neural activation patterns and environmental stimuli:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Autistic_catatonia

Childhood schizophrenia increases the risk for autistic catatonia later in life dramatically. There seems to be a common font of brain pathology for psychosis, catatonia and autism.[4]


https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1154851-overview

Catatonia is a state of apparent unresponsiveness to external stimuli and apparent inability to move normally in a person who is apparently awake. [1]


https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/conditions/catatonia

Catatonia is an abnormal neuropsychiatric condition that affects both behavior and motor function, and results in unresponsiveness in someone who otherwise appears to be awake.



or at the risk of coining a neologism essentially acatatonia, by which I mean a lack of unresponsiveness, essentially responsiveness, contrasted with the unresponsiveness of catatonia. I made slides regarding the individual states early on into my understanding of the phenomenon, and today would make them somewhat differently, yet as they are what I currently have I will make use of them after clarifying they are somewhat prototypical:

Image

http://www.pnas.org/content/106/27/11376

DMN During Deep Sleep.

During deep sleep, only partial network involvement was observed, with apparent decoupling of frontal areas from the DMN (Fig. 1B and Table 1). Whereas PCC and IPC/AG correlations seem to strengthen, the correlations between PCC and MPFC/ACC became nonsignificant.

Comparison of the DMN in Wake and Deep Sleep.


....

In fact, robust local coherence of spontaneous activity within all of the component regions of the DMN persisted during deep sleep.


https://www.researchgate.net/publicatio ... _Psychosis

Conclusions

In conclusion, recent EEG and neuroimaging research shows that regions that have been related to psychotic insight deficits are highly activated in lucid compared to non-lucid dreaming. This fact empirically substantiates the analogy between the metacognitive impairments in psychosis and non-lucid dreaming. While research into lucid dreaming is currently limited by the rarity of the phenomenon, metacognitive training or other lucid dreaming induction methods might lead to new therapeutic approaches by improving insight in psychosis. Lucid dreaming therefore transforms the dreaming psychosis model from an interesting idea with a long history into a testable scientific hypothesis and a promising new therapeutic approach.


To summarize, the empirical findings reviewed here constitute neurobiological evidence of the theoretical idea that dreaming indeed might serve as a model of psychosis: cortical, in particular prefrontal, medial parietal and inferior temporal regions that are linked to insight problems in psychosis show striking overlap with brain regions in which activation increases during dreaming are associated with the gain of insight into the current state of mind (see Fig. 3). From a network point of view, schizophrenia patients show disconnectivity within the frontoparietal network and stronger connectivity within the default mode network [79,80], with the exception of default mode network regions implicated in self-referential processing, within which patients with poor insight show decreased connectivity [56].


Prefrontal and pa-rietal regions are involved in most higher cognitive processes like intelligence or working memory [43], in particular the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex has been associated with metacognitive evalua-tion[44,45]. The precuneus has been proposed to be the pivotal region involved in self-referential processing [46]. The fronto-parietal activation pattern observed during lucid REM sleep therefore nicely mirrors the reinstantiation of reflective capabilities experienced during lucid dreaming. In contrast to the default mode network-like activation patterns of normal REM sleep [41] , brain regions activated during lucid dreaming comprise substantial parts of the frontoparietal control network [35]. This network has been postulated to integrate information coming from both the default mode and attention networks by switching between competing internally and externally directed processes[47]. Due to this role as a kind of meta-network, the frontoparietal control network might be seen as an ideal candidate subserving processes of metacogni-tion like dream lucidity[48].


Image

To clarify, this is essentially daydreaming as opposed to REM sleep.

http://www.ipt-forensics.com/journal/volume7/j7_3_5.htm

People in a state of psychotic decompensation may be viewed as experiencing a complete breakdown of the barriers that separate waking from dream states. Not surprisingly, paranoid patients may dream about their delusions and their dreams may have the same content as their delusional material. Accordingly, they commonly dream about being persecuted by their abusers, although the dream may include many bizarre components not present in the waking delusion. Furthermore, many schizophrenics experience an ongoing eruption into conscious awareness of primitive unconscious material, with the result that they walk around in a state in which they are flooded with their primitive impulses. Their waking lives are like ongoing nightmares. Differentiation between dreams and reality become very blurred. Not surprisingly, sex-abuse delusional material is usually present in this primitive outflow into both dreams and the waking state.


https://www.bmj.com/rapid-response/2011 ... ming-brain

Schizophrenia is waking reality processed through the dreaming brain


http://nobaproject.com/modules/dissociative-disorders

I believe the following is not actually referring to schizophrenia/psychosis, but it essentially ought to be as there is no clearer case of a dissociative disorder than schizophrenia.

Think about the last time you were daydreaming. Perhaps it was while you were driving or attending class. Some portion of your attention was on the activity at hand, but most of your conscious mind was wrapped up in fantasy. Now imagine that you could not control your daydreams. What if they intruded your waking consciousness unannounced, causing you to lose track of reality or experience the loss of time. Imagine how difficult it would be for you. This is similar to what people who suffer from dissociative disorders may experience. Of the many disorders listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) (American Psychiatric Association, 2013), dissociative disorders rank as among the most puzzling and controversial. Dissociative disorders encompass an array of symptoms ranging from memory loss (amnesia) for autobiographical events, to changes in identity and the experience of everyday reality (American Psychiatric Association, 2013).



Characterized by diminished DMN deactivation and general dissociation but not to the extent of REM sleep which is essentially the most severe manifestation possible. I know I already posted this, yet:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4140620/

The DMN is involved with processes of self-reflection, social cognition, and mind-wandering. Hyperconnectivity has been noted in the DMN of individuals at high risk for developing schizophrenia.

Whitfield-Gabrieli et al39 studied patients with schizophrenia; young, at-risk, first-degree relatives; and unaffected controls using fMRI during alternating conditions of wakeful rest and a focused working memory task. While the unaffected controls showed predictable deactivation of DMN during active task, the patients and relatives showed diminished deactivation, as well as greater activity in right DLPFC. This finding has essentially been replicated twice by two other research groups.


This is associated with a generalized reliance on intuition:

https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17522439.2011.626526

An objective measure often used to investigate reasoning biases in people with delusions is the jumping to conclusions (JTC) beads task. The task involves two jars filled with beads, with different ratios of coloured beads found within them. One jar contains 60 black beads and 40 white beads, and a second jar contains 40 black beads and 60 white beads. One jar is chosen and beads are then drawn and shown to participants one at a time until they make a decision about which jar they think the beads are being drawn from. Participants who make a decision based on two beads or fewer are classified as showing a “JTC” reasoning bias (Freeman, Pugh, & Garety, 2008). Experiments using the beads task have shown that half or more of clinical patients with delusions show the JTC reasoning bias (e.g. Freeman, 2007; Langdon Ward, & Coltheart, 2010; Lincoln, Ziegler, Mehl, & Rief, 2010). A small proportion of people in the general population, about 20%, also report a JTC reasoning bias (Freeman et al., 2008). This suggests there is a continuum of severity for this characteristic, with clinically diagnosed levels of psychosis residing at one extreme end of the continuum (Murphy, Shevlin, Adamson, & Houston, 2010; Van Os, Hanssen, Bijl, & Ravelli, 2000).


Skewing into psychosis across increasing over reliance on intuition, as you go this route there is more reliance on false signals such as homeopathic medicines and so on as well:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4556675/

complementary and alternative medicine (CAM).


Also included was the 3-item Cognitive Reflection Test (CRT) [41], that indexes participants’ tendency to override an initial intuitive response by applying analytic thinking skills. For example, the first item is: “If it takes 5 machines 5 minutes to make 5 widgets, how long would it take 100 machines to make 100 widgets?” The intuitive answer for this question is 100, whereas the correct answer is 5. The CRT may also be understood as measuring an individual’s inclination towards miserly information processing, and is the most popular instrument based on modern dual process theories of cognition; itself a major theme during the last 50 years of research in cognitive science [55]. The CRT has proven to be a potent predictor of performance on various rational thinking tasks [55] including, a tendency to choose high expected-value gambles, temporal discounting, maximising strategies on probabilistic prediction tasks, and non-superstitious thinking [40,56,57].


Higher CRT scores (indicating a more analytical thinking style) were negatively related to a preference for CAM over conventional medical treatment ρ = −.12, p < .0001, as well as the number of CAM treatments used in the last year ρ = −.08, p = .0047. Finally, analytical thinking style was negatively related to all forms of CAM, with this relationship significant in three cases; herbal remedies ρ = −.08, p = .0014, homeopathy, ρ = −.06, p = .0236, and prayer for the purpose of healing, ρ = −.15, p < .0001.


Image

It involves the deactivation of the TPN and activation of the DMN just as the previously described modes of operation do, but is unique from them due to being selectively manifested in response to certain stimuli rather than generalized:

http://journals.plos.org/plosone/articl ... ne.0149989

Engaging social stimuli are associated with activation of the DMN and deactivation of the TPN, whereas analytic problems are associated with activation of the TPN and deactivation of the DMN.


https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2 ... 151838.htm

"These findings," Friedman continued, "are consistent with the philosophical view, espoused by (Immanuel) Kant, according to which there are two distinct types of truth: empirical and moral."


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moral_entrepreneur

Social position determines one's ability to define and construct reality; therefore, the higher one's social position, the greater his or her moral value.


https://www.nature.com/articles/srep39589

Neural correlates of maintaining one’s political beliefs in the face of counterevidence
...
Challenges to political beliefs produced increased activity in the default mode network—a set of interconnected structures associated with self-representation and disengagement from the external world.



It manifests as essentially the dissociation from materials associated to the physical existence and to themed collections of essentially fiction materials. A prime example being:

http://jhppl.dukejournals.org/content/37/1/69.short

The last dozen years have seen a massive transnational mobilization of the legal, political, and research communities in response to the worrisome hypothesis that vaccines could have a link to childhood autism and other developmental conditions. Vaccine critics, some already organized and some composed of newly galvanized parents, developed an alternate world of internally legitimating studies, blogs, conferences, publications, and spokespeople to affirm a connection.


As I have noted above, there is indeed a complex community of researchers, journals, and articles to point to, facts to recite, conferences to attend, and professional groups to connect with that supply a great deal of internal legitimacy


It's typically initiated with core hypotheses that make predictions that not validated empirically and are rather contradicted, yet then becomes essentially protected superstitions that are treated as real, with this core then having an alternate fantasy world in a themed collection of fiction materials built around it:

https://www.cnn.com/2008/HEALTH/dailydo ... m.mercury/

Years ago, people made predictions -- by removing thimerosal, the number of cases of autism should decrease -- therefore showing that thimerosal is a cause of autism. This new study puts that idea in jeopardy. Similar studies have been done in Canada and Denmark with the same results: thimerosal was removed, but autism is still on the rise. This is a strong message; it very clearly shows, and reassures, that autism did not arrive through a vaccine.


http://www.skepticalob.com/2016/09/are- ... teria.html

Are anti-vaccine parents in the grip of mass hysteria?

Welcome to Salem road sign illustration, with distressed foreboding background

Vaccination is one the greatest public health advances of all time.

It has saved, and continues to save, literally millions of lives each year, yet many well meaning parents have become convinced that vaccines are harmful and there is no amount of scientific evidence that can convince them otherwise.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Superstition

A recent theory by Jane Risen proposes that superstitions are intuitions that people acknowledge to be wrong, but acquiesce to rather than correct when they arise as the intuitive assessment of a situation. Her theory draws on dual-process models of reasoning. In this view, superstitions are the output of "System 1" reasoning that are not corrected even when caught by "System 2".[17]


Diderot's Encyclopédie defines superstition as "any excess of religion in general", and links it specifically with paganism.[11]


https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/154f/9 ... b09f17.pdf

Both identify areas in the DMN and TPN associated with System 1 and System 2 reasoning respectively.


https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2 ... 151838.htm

"When there's a question of faith, from the analytic point of view, it may seem absurd," said Tony Jack, who led the research. "But, from what we understand about the brain, the leap of faith to belief in the supernatural amounts to pushing aside the critical/analytical way of thinking to help us achieve greater social and emotional insight."


https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14633423

The author tries to differentiate intuitive imagination from delusional imagination and hypothesises that psychosis alters the system of intuitive thinking, which consequently cannot develop in a dynamic and selective way.
...
In the analysis of psychotic patients it is very important to analyse the delusional imagination which dominates the personality and continuously transforms the mental state, twisting emotional truth. The delusional imagination is so deeply rooted in the patient's mental functioning that, even after systematic analysis, the delusional world, which had seemed to disappear, re-emerges under new configurations. The psychotic core remains encapsulated; it produces unsteadiness and may induce further psychotic states in the patient.


Image

Image

Image

Somewhat different manifestation of anosognosia from stroke, yet presentationally similar at least:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4140620/

Anosognosia in Schizophrenia: Hidden in Plain Sight
...
“I don’t need medicine—there is nothing wrong with me. I just came here for a check-up.”


https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/a ... 5214003359

Essentially, anosognosic patients hold quasi-delusional beliefs about their paralysed limbs, in spite of all the contrary evidence, repeated questioning, and logical argument.


https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/bl ... conscience

Anosognosia is defined as the impaired ability of patients with neurological disorders to recognize the presence or adequately appreciate the severity of their deficits [1]. Torrey (2012) cites three examples of anosognosic patients; a stroke victim with a paralyzed arm claimed he couldn’t lift it because he had a shirt on; a woman with paralysis in her left arm was asked to raise it, and instead raised her left leg. When this was pointed out to her she responded that some people call it an arm, others a leg, and jokingly inquired as to the difference; the Supreme Court Justice, William Douglas, was paralyzed on his left side. He claimed this was a myth, and was still inviting people to go hiking [2].


You can see that generalized tests of over reliance on intuition are not sensitive enough to detect a discrepancy in this mode, unlike the more psychotic modes, and yet they are simply not sensitive enough due to not meeting the sociocultural selective stimulus criterion:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4556675/

Increasing attention is being paid to individual differences in the willingness to thinking analytically about problems, which is counter-indicative of susceptibility to biases in judgement and decision making [40]. The Cognitive Reflection Test [41] (CRT), in particular, has been shown to have high predictive efficacy; predicting the ability to choose options with higher expected value and resistance to the logical fallacies described above [42,43]. Such measures fall within dual-process theories of human cognition, which distinguish between “intuitive” reasoning; which is fast, automatic and does not require working memory; and “analytical” reasoning, which is slow, deliberative, and requires working memory [44]. An analytical mode of reasoning, associated with more sound empirical and causal judgements, might be expected to yield a more favourable evaluation of vaccination in line with available evidence. However, no research has specifically considered individual differences in cognitive style and reasoning as factors predicting attitudes towards vaccination.

...

Previous research is highly suggestive regarding the impact of psychosocial factors that may determine formation of attitudes towards vaccination. The current study is based on the supposition that negative attitudes towards vaccination may be influenced primarily by cultural and psychosocial factors, rather than by evidence-based analytic reasoning. We aimed to test this idea, and gauge the relative impact of these factors through bivariate and multivariate associations in a cross-sectional design. Specifically, the present study aimed to assess the degree to which rejection of vaccination is associated with four cognitive and social factors:

Lowered willingness to consider the empirical evidence (indicated by an intuitive rather than analytical cognitive style)
...


A significant effect for analytic versus intuitive cognitive style was not found; suggesting that it is a cultural and personal orientation, rather than cognitive ability, that has a direct influence on vaccination attitudes.


http://journals.plos.org/plosone/articl ... ne.0149989

Engaging social stimuli are associated with activation of the DMN and deactivation of the TPN, whereas analytic problems are associated with activation of the TPN and deactivation of the DMN.


Image


And then as you move over more so you get essentially a mode wherein working memory is made heavy use of and I believe particularly verbal working memory, where the outputs of system 1 reasoning are processed in iterations in system 2 toward essentially error correcting them.

http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/obs ... eir-lives/

Bethany T. Heywood, a graduate student at Queens University Belfast, asked 27 people with Asperger’s syndrome, a mild type of autism that involves impaired social cognition, about significant events in their lives. Working with experimental psychologist Jesse M. Bering (author of the "Bering in Mind" blog and a frequent contributor to Scientific American MIND), she asked them to speculate about why these important events happened—for instance, why they had gone through an illness or why they met a significant other. As compared with 34 neurotypical people, those with Asperger’s syndrome were significantly less likely to invoke a teleological response—for example, saying the event was meant to unfold in a particular way or explaining that God had a hand in it. They were more likely to invoke a natural cause (such as blaming an illness on a virus they thought they were exposed to) or to give a descriptive response, explaining the event again in a different way.


As you can see it is also a spectrum of teleology, with toward the far end of teleology being in fact animism, yet I will cover this more later:

These results support the idea that seeing purpose behind life events is a result of our mind’s focus on social thinking. People whose social cognition is impaired—those with Asperger’s, in this case—are less likely to see the events in their lives as having happened for a reason. Heywood would like to test the hypothesis further by working with people who have schizophrenia or schizoid personalities. Some experts theorize that certain schizophrenia symptoms (for instance, paranoia) arise in part from a hyperactive sense of social reasoning. “I’d guess that they’d give lots of teleological answers; more than neurotypical people, and certainly far more than people with Asperger’s,” Heywood says.


In a second experiment, Heywood and Bering compared 27 people with Asperger’s with 34 neurotypical people who are atheists. The atheists, as expected, often invoked anti-teleological responses such as “there is no reason why; things just happen.” The people with Asperger’s were significantly less likely to offer such anti-teleological explanations than the atheists, indicating they were not engaged in teleological thinking at all. (The atheists, in contrast, revealed themselves to be reasoning teleologically, but then they rejected those thoughts.)


http://sites.oxy.edu/shtulman/documents/2015b.pdf

Compared to healthy elderly adults, Alzheimer’s patients were more likely to judge unwarranted teleological explanations as accept-able. They were also more likely to judge those explanations as preferable to mechanistic ones. These findings suggest that teleology, like animism, is a deep-seated form of intuition that can be suppressed by a more scientific worldview but cannot be eradicated altogether.


And then the final mode is essentially direct observation of the physical world without any cultural dissociation:

Image

Which is essentially the exact opposite of REM sleep:

https://www.spectrumnews.org/news/rem-s ... th-autism/

Children with autism spend less time in the rapid eye movement (REM) stage of sleep compared with controls and those with developmental delays, according to a November report in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine1.


https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3111973/

There were no differences between typical v developmental delay groups. Autism v typical revealed shorter TST (p = .004), greater SWS percentage (p=.001), and much smaller REM percentage, 14.5 v 22.6 (p<.001). Autism v developmental delay revealed shorter TST (p=.001), greater stage 1 percentage (p= <.001), greater SWS percentage (p = <.001) and much less REM percentage, 14.5 v 25 (p= <.001).


It's like being locked into the physical environment and not even dissociating toward eye contact for example:

http://healthland.time.com/2011/05/03/b ... ms-causes/

Heather Hazlett, in the department of psychiatry at the Carolina Institute for Developmental Disabilities, and her colleagues studied MRI images of 38 children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) at 2 years old and compared them with the scans from 21 unaffected youngsters of the same age. All the children were scanned again at age 4 or 5, and at all stages, the children with ASD had on average 6% more total brain volume and 9% more volume in the cerebral cortex, the region of the brain that contains the “newest” sprouting of neurons and is responsible for everything from receiving signals and input from the environment to processing memory and attention.


But taken to pathological extent where it is practically the same as the dissociation of catatonic schizophrenia other than for being the exact inversion of it where one is swallowed by the physical existence rather than fully dissociated away from it. Essentially progressively less so of:

http://www.mnn.com/green-tech/research- ... -right-now

Recent studies by researchers at Cardiff University and University of Cambridge suggest we are all hallucinating all of the time to comprehend the world that surrounds us. This research opens new doors of perception as related to the ways we view hallucinations and their prevalence.

Sifting through the noise

One way to look at hallucinations is seeing them as a part of predictive brain processes. We constantly need to make sense of our surrounding world. In trying to grasp a spatial and visual sense of our surroundings that might appear slightly vague when we're barraged by a wide array of sensory input, we have to use our brains to predict and understand the overall structure of the environment with the use of prior knowledge. The prior knowledge we have about an environment plays a huge role in the way we visually process our world.

"Vision is a constructive process — in other words, our brain makes up the world that we 'see'," and "fills in the blanks, ignoring the things that don't quite fit, and presents to us an image of the world that has been edited and made to fit with what we expect," explains lead researcher Christoph Teufel of Cardiff University.

Our predictive brains are beneficial to us because "it makes us efficient and adept at creating a coherent picture of an ambiguous and complex world,” and that it “means that we are not very far away from perceiving things that aren’t actually there, which is the definition of a hallucination,” says Paul Fletcher, senior author of the research done at Cambridge.



And more so of:

http://www.grrec.ky.gov/CaveWeb/autism/ ... ticle.docx

How much do we see? In fact, we see very little, just a few things our attention happens to focus on. Every time we look at something we just pick up a few features and 'recognize' the whole picture from our past experiences and memories. For example, when we enter a familiar room, we do not have to examine every item there to recognize it. We just know what is there and where everything is located. A quick glance is enough. So do we actually see the environment or do we just know 'what is there'? In fact, our perceptual reconstruction (or 'what we think we see') comes from two opposite directions - from outside (environmental stimuli) and inside (mental images we have stored in the brain). The more familiar the environment or situation, the less we actually perceive it. The brain does not need to process all the stimuli; it just 'fills in the gaps' and 'predicts' the final picture.

There is much evidence that one of the problems many autistic people experience is their inability to distinguish between foreground and background stimuli. They often are unable to discriminate between relevant and irrelevant stimuli. What is background to others may be equally foreground to them. They perceive everything without filtration or selection. As Donna Williams describes it, they seem to have no sieve in their brain to select the information that is worth being attended. This results in a paradoxical phenomenon: sensory information is received in infinite detail and holistically at the same time. It can be described as 'gestalt perception', i.e. perception of the whole scene as a single entity with all the details perceived (not processed!) simultaneously. They may be aware of the information others miss, but the processing of 'holistic situations' can be overwhelming. As there is too much information coming in, it is hard to know which stimuli to attend. It is often difficult for the autistic person to 'break' the whole picture into meaningful entities, to 'draw the boundaries' around plenty of tiny sensory pieces to make them meaningful items.

In contrast to our guessing 'what is there' from our experience and memory instead of actually seeing it, autistic children seem to be unable to filter the incoming information and tend to perceive all the stimuli around them. Instead of 'inventing' the world as we do, they actually perceive it. Such 'acute-perception' brings overwhelming information the brain cannot cope with.


Which is similar to internal imagery blindness:

https://mindhacks.com/2014/11/15/more-o ... psychosis/

Notably, all cases of co-occurrence were from blindness due to eye problems or where blindness happened relatively late (after 6 years of age). No cases were found were people had a diagnosis of schizophrenia and were congenitally cortically blind – where blindness was caused by problems with the brain’s visual system.

What this new study provides is weak evidence for the possibility of certain sorts of blindness coexisting with a diagnosis of schizophrenia and more comprehensive support for the curious finding that blindness seems to reduce the risk of developing psychosis.

It’s worth noting that what is really needed is a prospective epidemiological study of psychosis in blind people. However, researchers have been searching for congenitally blind people with psychosis since the issue of non-co-occurrence was first seriously raised in the 1980s and none have been found. Based on the rates of occurrence for each condition, the combination should be fairly common. This suggests that hypothesis of protective effects of congenital blindness needs to taken seriously.



https://web.archive.org/web/20080822002 ... autism.htm

AUTISTIC SPECTRUM DISORDERS AND CORTICAL VISUAL IMPAIRMENT: TWO WORLDS ON PARALLEL COURSES


http://nvld.org/its-like-being-blind-ex ... le-thomas/

It’s Like Being Blind, Except I Can See, by Michelle Thomas

I was diagnosed with a Non-Verbal Learning Disability
when I was in my junior year of high school. Learning disabilities weren’t even on anyone’s radar, not my parents, not my teachers… not mine for sure. I was diagnosed with a chromosome disorder called Turner Syndrome and part of the followup testing for that was NVLD testing since it’s very common with those who have Turner Syndrome.

Suddenly everything made sense when we got confirmation of the learning disability. It made sense why I struggled so much in geometry and chemistry. It made sense why I had so many awkward social interactions as a child. Why I always wanted to draw but could never master the hand eye coordination to do so no matter how much I practiced. Why I talked to myself out loud when performing a task. Why it felt like I was blind despite having vision.


https://www.aane.org/aspergers-disorder ... s-related/

There is clearly a great deal of overlap between Aspergers Disorder (AD) and Nonverbal Learning Disabilities (NVLD), so much so that it is possible that the symptoms of each describe the same group of children from different perspectives—AD from either a psychiatric/behavioral perspective, and NVLD/neuropsychological perspective. The specific conventions of these diagnoses may lead to a somewhat different group of children meeting diagnostic criteria, but it is not clear that this reflects something “true” in nature. That is, it may only be convention that separates these two groups.


https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/th ... conclusion

The authors conclude that what they found “is the opposite pattern to autism and therefore consistent with the autism-psychosis model which proposes that these clinical disorders reside at diametrically opposing poles of a single continuum.”


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Autism

ASD-related patterns of low function and aberrant activation in the brain differ depending on whether the brain is doing social or nonsocial tasks.[97] In autism there is evidence for reduced functional connectivity of the default network, a large-scale brain network involved in social and emotional processing, with intact connectivity of the task-positive network, used in sustained attention and goal-directed thinking. In people with autism the two networks are not negatively correlated in time, suggesting an imbalance in toggling between the two networks, possibly reflecting a disturbance of self-referential thought.[98]


Essentially, normal people throughout the day toggle across these anti-correlated brain networks depending on both the environment and their state of mind:

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2 ... 103017.htm

Ignoring of course the disgusting bias of this article toward neurotypicality as healthy rather than normative:

The researchers say the results of the surveys lend further support to their earlier work showing people have two brain networks -- one for empathy and one for analytic thinking -- that are in tension with each other. In healthy people, their thought process cycles between the two, choosing the appropriate network for different issues they consider.

But in the religious dogmatist's mind, the empathetic network appears to dominate while in the nonreligious dogmatist's mind, the analytic network appears to rule.



https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/my ... r-or-apart

Religion and Autism, are they together or apart?
Recent studies suggest today's autistics tend to reject organized religion.



When you are in one of these states of acatatonia you gain responsiveness to the associated stimuli as well as the ability to make use of the associated cognitive tools, and yet simultaneously you manifest catatonia to the stimuli of the other states of acatatonia and appear as catatonic to the others in the different states, as well as lose the ability to make use of the cognitive tools and thereby attain the cognitive insight of the other parts of the brain.

It's like when a person is in REM sleep, they are in fact responsive to their internal visual imagery, and yet are unresponsive to the external world and appear as catatonic to the waking. The transition from sleep to wakefulness is the most salient of the transitions of acatatonia. And when you are in REM sleep as well, only to the slightest of extents can the existence of the external world give you information essentially, in that you haven't insight into the waking world around you whilst you are dreaming as well as are catatonic to it.

Yet what we are seeing is that there are numerous such states of acatatonia as essentially REM sleep, including essentially REM sleep, daydreaming, socializing, analytical thinking, and observation of the physical world, each of which involves a transition similar to that of from sleep to wakefulness, and each manifesting with the appearance of a degree of catatonia to the other states, and anosognosia to the other states as one hasn't insight into them due to not activating the specialized brain networks associated with them.

We have an impression of always essentially being in one state upon wakefulness, yet the transition as of from sleep to wakefulness is but one with numerous such transitions happening in wakefulness, and if you pay close metacognitive attention to yourself, you will see how when you go from looking at the physical world to socializing with an individual, or from analyzing a problem in your working memory to looking at the physical world, or from daydreaming in visual imagery to socializing with someone essentially, that all of these states have transitions between them that albeit more subtle are of the essence of the transition between sleeping and wakefulness, and different distinct brain + environmental combinations are associated with each of the states.

It is almost like more than three dimensions, like a multidimensional existence superimposed into the three dimensions of physicality, just as the transition from the mode of REM to the mode of wakefulness is like a transition of dimensions, but essentially it is such that activating different brain regions in response to stimuli in the three dimensions of the physicality results in fundamentally different perceptions and conceptions of them, such that two individuals looking at the same phenomenon in the dimensions of the physical existence yet being in different states of acatatonia are perceiving and conceiving different attributes of the same existence essentially.

The brain essentially has evolved to switch between modes of operation rather than to simultaneously be in all modes of operation, and the modes of operation are at least somewhat isolated from one another, and there is little awareness (though with close metacognitive attention you can start to notice this) of the different modes of cognitive operation, such that you have an impression created of always being essentially in one mode, even as you can essentially move almost through the physical existence whilst standing still in it, by moving the activity of your brain whilst staying stationary in the physical existence, and have it such that you move over the same piece of the existence almost as if you were moving your body in space to perceive it from different angles and so on, but rather you are moving your electrochemical activity in your brain such that you perceive the same thing in stationary physical space yet through different phenomenological essences of their nature essentially.

I mean the most extreme example of this is looking at the physical world directly or even whilst with your eyes open and without anything changing outside of your brain in the physical existence dissociating away from the physical existence into a state of REM sleep even with eyes open (as can be pharmacologically mimicked essentially with high dose NMDAR antagonists). And when this happens you then are in fact fully catatonic to the stimuli of the physical existence, despite having not closed your eyes nor anything in the physical existence or the position of your body in it having changed, but rather your location in the activity of your neural networking has moved across states of acatatonia, and in your catatonia to the physical existence you have coupled anosognosia as in a lack of insight into what is transpiring into it, just as when you are in the social acatatonia you have a similar impaired ability to access the analytical comprehension of the situation despite perceiving it all the same.

So the defining characteristic of neurotypicality is not that it is per-se fundamentally distinct from autism or schizophrenia in never experiencing the states of autism or schizophrenia, but rather is that the states of acatatonia are moved across in social convergence amongst the majority of the population in the same manner and in response to the same environmental stimuli, whereas with increasing schizophrenia there is a tendency for sticking at the states of acatatonia of socializing to daydreaming to REM sleep at the most severe end, and with autism it is the opposite of this with a tendency for sticking at the ends of catatonia of analytical thinking and observation of the physical world, with extreme variants being isolation in the physical world without the ability even for socialization essentially even as far as in dissociating from observation of the physicality the eyes so as to make social eye contact for example.

And this corresponds to the brain regions not toggled out of in these conditions, with neurotypicals having more so ability to toggle across all of the states of acatatonia, and doing so in social convergence or otherwise in response to the same stimuli.

Image
Last edited by mrz on Wed Dec 05, 2018 5:05 am, edited 1 time in total.



So, starting off roughly from where I left off (note that subsequent posts will be made as well), and toward clarifying the above image with the two cards having lines on them (both on the whiteboard and in the thought bubble):

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24126871

Abstract

Perhaps surprisingly, given the importance of conformity as a theoretical construct in social psychology and the profound implications autism has for social function, little research has been done on whether autism is associated with the propensity to conform to a social majority. This study is a modern, child-friendly implementation of the classic Asch conformity studies. The performance of 15 children with autism was compared to that of 15 typically developing children on a line judgement task. Children were matched for age, gender and numeracy and literacy ability. In each trial, the child had to say which of three lines a comparison line matched in length. On some trials, children were misled as to what most people thought the answer was. Children with autism were much less likely to conform in the misleading condition than typically developing children. This finding was replicated using a continuous measure of autism traits, the Autism Quotient questionnaire, which showed that autism traits negatively correlated with likelihood to conform in the typically developing group. This study demonstrates the resistance of children with autism to social pressure.


As you can see, the autistic children in this study stated the correct answer regarding which line matched, whereas the neurotypical children stated incorrectly that the line that the other children said matched was correct.

http://www.haraldmerckelbach.nl/artikel ... hrenia.pdf

Research looking at specific memory aberrations in the schizophrenia has primarily focused on their phenomenology using standardized semantic laboratory tasks. However, no study has investigated to what extent such aberrations have consequences for everyday episodic memories using more realistic false memory paradigms. Using a false memory paradigm where participants are presented with misleading suggestive information (Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scale), we investigated the susceptibility of patients with schizophrenia (n = 21) and healthy controls (n = 18) to post hoc misleading information acceptance and compliance.

Patients with schizophrenia exhibited an increased susceptibility to go along with misleading suggestive items. Furthermore, they showed an increased tendency to change answers under conditions of social pressure. Underscoring previous findings on memory aberrations in schizophrenia, patients with schizophrenia had reduced levels of correct recognition (ie, true memory) relative to healthy controls. The effects remained stable when controlling for specific mediating variables such as symptom severity and intelligence in patients with schizophrenia. These findings are a first indication that social pressure and misleading information may impair source memory for everyday episodic memories in schizophrenia, and such impairment has clear consequences for treatment issues and forensic practice.


As you can see, there is an indication of an inversion of behavior here between the schizophrenics and the autistics, with schizophrenics being even more so susceptible to social pressure and going along with misleading items, autistics being very unlikely to, and with neurotypicals going along with the crowd more so. This can be interested in numerous manners. First of all, I assert that we have therefore a spectrum from delusionality to heresy:





Delusion Definition

https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/delusion

a persistent false psychotic belief regarding the self or persons or objects outside the self that is maintained despite indisputable evidence to the contrary


https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/delusion

An idiosyncratic belief or impression maintained despite being contradicted by reality or rational argument, typically as a symptom of mental disorder.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Delusion

A delusion is a mistaken belief that is held with strong conviction even in the presence of superior evidence to the contrary.







Heresy Definition

https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictio ... ish/heresy

(the act of having) an opinion or belief that is the opposite of or against what is the official or popular opinion, or an action that shows that you have no respect for the official opinion


https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dicti ... ish/heresy

Heresy is a belief or action that most people think is wrong, because it disagrees with beliefs that are generally accepted.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heresy

Heresy (/ˈhɛrəsi/) is any belief or theory that is strongly at variance with established beliefs or customs





As well as from (matter+logic) blindness to mind blindness:

Does Poor Understanding of Physical World Predict Religious and Paranormal Beliefs?

The ability to distinguish mental from physical seems to be impaired both among ASD individuals and supernatural believers, although its manifestation is reversed. Because findings from hyper-mentalistic and hyper-mechanistic cognition, as two opposite phenotypes, can help each other in the search for their underlying mechanisms, one promising approach for future studies might be to integrate research on this newly found matter-blindness to research on mind-blindness.


https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/th ... male-brain

The female brain tends toward empathizing and mentalizing thinking, treating machines and objects as if they were other people. They attribute minds, thoughts, and feelings to inanimate objects. That, according to Crespi and Badcock, is the essence of paranoid schizophrenia. Paranoid schizophrenics hear voices where there are no people, and they attribute minds and thinking where none exist, such as when they believe other people are talking about or conspiring against them when they aren’t. Paranoid schizophrenics are hypermentalistic, and overinfer minds and emotions in other people, just as autistics are hypomentalistic, and underinfer minds and emotions in other people.

....

In their forthcoming article in the premier journal Behavioral and Brain Sciences, Crespi and Badcock present a very convincing case for paranoid schizophrenia as an extreme female brain. Now the whole picture appears to be complete. When your brain is “too male,” too systemizing, too mechanistic, you become autistic. When your brain is “too female,” too empathizing, too mentalistic, you become paranoid schizophrenic. If the extreme male brain of an autistic is “mindblind,” then you might suggest that the extreme female brain of a paranoid schizophrenia is “logicblind.”


Image

Note as well, although not anatomically correct:

Image

https://www.nature.com/articles/srep39589

Neural correlates of maintaining one’s political beliefs in the face of counterevidence

...

Challenges to political beliefs produced increased activity in the default mode network—a set of interconnected structures associated with self-representation and disengagement from the external world.


As well as:

Image

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moral_entrepreneur

Social position determines one's ability to define and construct reality; therefore, the higher one's social position, the greater his or her moral value.


http://www.healthline.com/health/psychosis

What is psychosis?

Psychosis is characterized by an impaired relationship with reality.
And it is a symptom of serious mental disorders. People who are psychotic may have either hallucinations or delusions.


https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/wi ... ublic-fear

Moreover, there are two important news media practices that contribute to moral panic. These are known as framing and priming. Framing refers to the way an issue is presented to the public or angle it is given by the news media. Framing involves calling attention to certain aspects of an issue while ignoring or obscuring other elements. In other words, framing gives meaning to an issue.

...

In contrast, priming is a psychological process whereby the news media emphasis on a particular issue not only increases the salience of the issue on the public agenda, but also activates previously acquired information about that issue in people’s memories. The priming mechanism explains how the news frame used in a particular story can trigger an individual’s pre-existing attitudes, beliefs and prejudices regarding that issue.


http://journals.plos.org/plosone/articl ... ne.0149989

Engaging social stimuli are associated with activation of the DMN and deactivation of the TPN, whereas analytic problems are associated with activation of the TPN and deactivation of the DMN.


As you can see, being in disparate states of acatatonia is such that we will not come to agreement on the nature of reality. That which is in the minds of the population, if disparate from that which is in existence, will not be referenced by the autistic skewed individual, just as vice-versa for the schizophrenic skewed individual, and yet neurotypical are capable of going back and forth between these states.

The neurotypical ability to socially converge into cognitively anosognosic psychotic decompensation associated with the belief in themed collections of fiction materials emergent from which are alternate realities based typically ultimately on protected superstitions, is the topic to which we will now orient our attention.

First of all, let us note the dangers of not associating with the minds of the population as their content is disparate from actual reality. It is a danger faced as well by those who form distinct delusional constructs from the masses, and yet the reason for this danger is inverted.

Image

Image

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4067851/

Blasphemy laws and mental illness in Pakistan

There is emerging evidence that individuals who are mentally ill are overrepresented in the group of defendants prosecuted under the blasphemy laws of Pakistan.
This article discusses the background of blasphemy legislation in Pakistan, and proposes causal interactions between underlying mental illness in the defendant and prosecution for blasphemy. It sketches possible legal safeguards for such blasphemy defendants with mental illness in mental health legislation.

...

The entire spectrum of psychopathology lends itself to various behavioural infringements that could fall foul of the blasphemy laws in place in Pakistan. Individuals with psychotic disorders, such as mania and schizophrenia, can present symptoms of grandiose and bizarre delusional systems of being of divine origin, behavioural disinhibition and lack of insight, which place them at risk of prosecution under these laws. Individuals with autism, with varying degrees of intellectual disability, are another diagnostic group also at risk of not being able to follow social rules of due reverence and regard for what the community holds sacrosanct. Neurotic disorders such as obsessive-compulsive disorder can also create overbearing and compelling pressures on individuals to blaspheme in some instances, and this can have serious legal consequences if the targets of the blasphemy are revered by the community.

The association of mental illness and blasphemy allegations can also be more complex. Sexual abuse of vulnerable individuals with intellectual disabilities has on occasion been masked by allegations of blasphemy by abusers when they fear discovery. The lack of any legal protections for such vulnerable blasphemy defendants ensures that their testimony is extracted when they fear for their lives, and the sex abuse issue is concealed behind the allegations of blasphemy. In other cases, physical abuse can be an interacting factor, where the blasphemy allegations are raised against an individual with autism for example, when various attempts to physically discipline the individual have failed, and have, instead, resulted in severe physical injuries, which could lead to criminal prosecution against the abusers, unless blasphemy is raised as the reason why the discipline was implemented in the first place.

The most commonly cited criticism of the blasphemy laws is that they are used by the majority community to victimise religious minorities. Nevertheless, it is often the case that the person who is alleged to have committed the blasphemy has underlying vulnerabilities that explain why that person in particular stands so charged, and not others within the same disadvantaged community. The basis of this vulnerability can often be some form of mental illness. It is a separate matter whether this illness could benefit from treatment, but what is clear is that such individuals require some form of legal and social protections by virtue of their mental illness.


As you can see, whereas the schizophrenic and manic psychotics are at risk as their delusional content regarding themselves being essentially a chosen prophet of God is contrary to the already established beliefs regarding the prophets of God, the autistic individuals are at risk regarding the matter as they hold not the social beliefs sacrosanct.

http://www.livescience.com/20654-autism-belief-god.html

Autism May Diminish Belief in God


https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/my ... r-or-apart

Religion and Autism, are they together or apart?
Recent studies suggest today's autistics tend to reject organized religion.



As a slight aside, note that:

(A lower quality source as it is just media, yet it is a summary of the study I will shortly hereafter cite, with one slight aside in between)

https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/religi ... gnets.html

By directing magnetic force towards the posterior medial frontal cortex of the brain, they were able to reduce belief in God and decrease intolerance towards immigrants.


By directing magnetic force towards the posterior medial frontal cortex of the brain, they were able to reduce belief in God and decrease intolerance towards immigrants.
...
The lead author of the paper, Dr Colin Holbrook, from UCLA, expanded on this. He said: “These findings are very striking, and consistent with the idea that brain mechanisms that evolved for relatively basic threat-response functions are repurposed to also produce ideological reactions.



https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4805169/

We suggest that this structural feature of the brain underlies the long noted anecdotal tension between materialistic and spiritual worldviews. This linkage is supported by three observations. First, brain areas implicated in analytic thinking (TPN) support cognitive process essential for maintaining a naturalistic world view (e.g. thinking about objects, mechanisms and causes; [29, 49, 71, 73–77]), whereas the brain areas implicated in moral concern (DMN) are associated with thinking about phenomena which have traditionally been thought of as non-physical, namely minds and emotions [78–83]. Second, brain areas associated with materialism (TPN) tend to be suppressed when brain areas associated with moral concern (DMN) are activated [29, 71, 72]. This might explain the tendency to link mind with spirit, i.e. the view that minds and emotions are associated with the extra- or super- natural. Third, brain areas associated with analytic thinking are associated with religious disbelief [73, 74, 84], and brain areas associated with moral concern are associated with religious belief [73] and prayer [84, 85].









Another slight aside:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terror_management_theory

Terror management theory (TMT) is a social psychology theory originally proposed by Jeff Greenberg, Sheldon Solomon, and Tom Pyszczynski[1] and codified in their book The Worm at the Core: On the Role of Death in Life (2015). It proposes that a basic psychological conflict results from having a self-preservation instinct whilst realizing that death is inevitable and to some extent unpredictable. This conflict produces terror, and the terror is then managed by embracing cultural values, or symbolic systems that act to provide life with enduring meaning and value.[1][2]

Examples of cultural values that impact an individual's terror of death are those that purport to offer literal immortality (e.g. belief in afterlife, religion).[3] However, TMT also argues that other cultural values – including those that are seemingly unrelated to death – offer symbolic immortality. For example, values of national identity,[4] posterity,[5] cultural perspectives on sex,[6] and human superiority over animals[6] have been linked to death concerns. In many cases these values are thought to offer symbolic immortality either a) by providing the sense that one is part of something greater that will ultimately outlive the individual (e.g. country, lineage, species), or b) by making one's symbolic identity superior to biological nature (i.e. you are a personality, which makes you more than a glob of cells)



Regarding threat processing, and the historical advantage of rapid true positive detection at the expense of many false positives. I used to have images for this but the host went down so I will need to make them over again:

http://www.patheos.com/blogs/crossexami ... detection/

February 12 is Darwin Day, the birthday of Charles Darwin. In honor of Darwin’s 203rd birthday, let’s look into a term that’s related to both evolution and religion.

Imagine an early hominid in the grasslands of Africa. He hears a rustling in the bushes—is that a cheetah or just the wind? Should he run away or ignore it?

There are two kinds of errors. Suppose our friend thinks it’s a cheetah and runs away … but he’s wrong. This is a false positive. He’s crying wolf. There can be a cost to this—our timid hominid might have been frightened away from a water hole.

But consider the other error. The hominid might think it’s the wind in the tall grass … but he’s wrong. This is a false negative. The cost is obvious—he likely becomes a predator’s lunch.

Given the disproportionate consequences for guessing wrongly, natural selection seems to have selected for caution. As a result, early man may have developed a “hyperactive agency detection device”—an overactive tendency to see agency (that is, intelligence) in nature, even where there is none. The HADD may also be where we detect patterns in things—superstition, concluding that odd events are more than coincidence, or even conspiracy theories.

If this gave early man the ideas of spirits of the dead and gods, this may help explain where early religion came from.



The internal visual imagery system is rapid and automatic:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dual_process_theory

System 1

Bargh (1994) reconceptualized the notion of an automatic process by breaking down the term "automatic" into four components: awareness, intentionality, efficiency, and controllability. One way for a process to be labeled as automatic is for the person to be unaware of it. There are three ways in which a person may be unaware of a mental process: they can be unaware of the presence of the stimulus (subliminal), how the stimulus is categorized or interpreted (unaware of the activation of stereotype or trait constructs), or the effect the stimulus has on the person's judgments or actions (misattribution). Another way for a mental process to be labeled as automatic is for it to be unintentional. Intentionality refers to the conscious "start up" of a process. An automatic process may begin without the person consciously willing it to start. The third component of automaticity is efficiency. Efficiency refers to the amount of cognitive resources required for a process. An automatic process is efficient because it requires few resources. The fourth component is controllability, referring to the person's conscious ability to stop a process. An automatic process is uncontrollable, meaning that the process will run until completion and the person will not be able to stop it. Bargh (1994) conceptualizes automaticity as a component view (any combination awareness, intention, efficiency, and control) as opposed to the historical concept of automaticity as an all-or-none dichotomy.[15]

One takeaway from the psychological research on dual process theory is that our System 1 (intuition) is more accurate in areas where we’ve gathered a lot of data with reliable and fast feedback, like social dynamics.[16]

System 2 in humans

System 2 is evolutionarily recent and specific to humans. It is also known as the explicit system, the rule-based system, the rational system,[12] or the analytic system.[17] It performs the more slow and sequential thinking. It is domain-general, performed in the central working memory system. Because of this, it has a limited capacity and is slower than System 1 which correlates it with general intelligence. It is known as the rational system because it reasons according to logical standards.[17] Some overall properties associated with System 2 are that it is rule-based, analytic, controlled, demanding of cognitive capacity, and slow.[12]


https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/154f/9 ... b09f17.pdf

System 1 has been variously characterized as 'intuitive', 'emotion-driven' and 'experiential'; whereas System 2 has been characterized as, 'controlled', 'rule-based', 'rational' and 'analytic'. We know of two lines of work which link cognitive neuroscience to this classical form of dual process theory:one which looks at logical reasoning (Goel and Dolan, 2003), the other moral judgments (Greene et al., 2004). Both identify areas in the DMN and TPN associated with System 1 and System 2 reasoning respectively. Hence, the link between dual-process theories of cognition and the DMN vs.TPN dichotomy appears worthy of further investigation.


https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10. ... 3.10746548

activity in the DMN is strongly associated with mental imagery that is not directly tied to current perception (“stimulus-independent thought”), which is also a central feature of dreams.


Essentially, it was better to automatically have visual imagery of a cheetah intuitively, and to confabulate this internal imagery as being of the external stimulus even as it was in actuality simply the wind:

http://www.mnn.com/green-tech/research- ... -right-now

Our predictive brains are beneficial to us because "it makes us efficient and adept at creating a coherent picture of an ambiguous and complex world,” and that it “means that we are not very far away from perceiving things that aren’t actually there, which is the definition of a hallucination,” says Paul Fletcher, senior author of the research done at Cambridge.


Than to be only in the actual reality of the physicality and to run from the threat only after seeing directly that it is a cheetah rather than intuitively imagining it may be so:

http://www.grrec.ky.gov/CaveWeb/autism/ ... ticle.docx

In fact, our perceptual reconstruction (or 'what we think we see') comes from two opposite directions - from outside (environmental stimuli) and inside (mental images we have stored in the brain). The more familiar the environment or situation, the less we actually perceive it. The brain does not need to process all the stimuli; it just 'fills in the gaps' and 'predicts' the final picture.

...

In contrast to our guessing 'what is there' from our experience and memory instead of actually seeing it, autistic children seem to be unable to filter the incoming information and tend to perceive all the stimuli around them. Instead of 'inventing' the world as we do, they actually perceive it. Such 'acute-perception' brings overwhelming information the brain cannot cope with.


Note that the following article uses biased language as it fails to appreciate the cost of the significant false positive prediction rate of the neurotypical cognitive style, and instead champions the particularly ancestral benefits of hallucinating a cheetah prior to perceiving it:

https://www.bostonglobe.com/news/scienc ... story.html

Autism can seem like a perplexing collection of disparate symptoms, ranging from repetitive behaviors to impaired social skills. In a new paper, Massachusetts Institute of Technology scientists propose a common thread that could explain many of the facets of the disorder: a failure to make good predictions.


A failure to make predictions but rather a tendency toward analysis, whereas neurotypicality is a tendency to make many failed predictions and yet deficient analysis so as to identify the mistaken predictions for quite some time, with carrying on in actuality as if the prediction were proven correct even decades or far longer after it has been conclusively by analysis refuted. So please avoid such biased language acting as if neurotypicals are glorious and all others are impaired and inferior, yet I don't intend to digress from my narrative but rather simply to remove the frame of neurotypical superiority from the language of this article which has otherwise decent information. There is an actual study from MIT as well.












back on track, to the study itself:


Neuromodulation of Group Prejudice and Religious Belief

The posterior medial frontal cortex (pMFC) is a plausible mediator of shifts in ideological commitment. The pMFC complex includes the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) and the dorsomedial prefrontal area anterior to the supplementary motor cortex (dmPFC)


Neuroimaging would also be particularly valuable in clarifying the effect of the TMS manipulation used here on the subregions of the pMFC, as, at present, it is unclear whether the effects that we obtained are due to down8 regulation of the dmPFC, down8 regulation of the underlying dACC, or down8 regulation of both.


Note this role played by the dACC:

https://watermark.silverchair.com/bht008.pdf

Our findings comport with previous studies that suggested the dACC plays a critical role in switching between the activation and deactivation of executive control network and the default mode network


Recall:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Autism

ASD-related patterns of low function and aberrant activation in the brain differ depending on whether the brain is doing social or nonsocial tasks.[97] In autism there is evidence for reduced functional connectivity of the default network, a large-scale brain network involved in social and emotional processing, with intact connectivity of the task-positive network, used in sustained attention and goal-directed thinking. In people with autism the two networks are not negatively correlated in time, suggesting an imbalance in toggling between the two networks, possibly reflecting a disturbance of self-referential thought.[98]


https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26526126

Results of this study provide evidence for possible cellular and metabolic differences in the dACC and PCC in adults with ASD. This may suggest neuronal dysfunction in these regions and may contribute to the neuropathology of ASD.







The reason why the autistic population must be warned about this matter is essentially this:

https://www.ted.com/talks/donald_hoffma ... anguage=en

Fitness is not the same thing as reality as it is, and it's fitness, and not reality as it is, that figures centrally in the equations of evolution.

So, in my lab, we have run hundreds of thousands of evolutionary game simulations with lots of different randomly chosen worlds and organisms that compete for resources in those worlds. Some of the organisms see all of the reality, others see just part of the reality, and some see none of the reality, only fitness. Who wins?

Well, I hate to break it to you, but perception of reality goes extinct. In almost every simulation, organisms that see none of reality but are just tuned to fitness drive to extinction all the organisms that perceive reality as it is. So the bottom line is, evolution does not favor veridical, or accurate perceptions. Those perceptions of reality go extinct.




Originally the disadvantage to system 2 type cognition was the slow speed of detecting a threat such as a Cheetah, but today the primary threat faced by system 2 type cognition is the social convergence of the individuals with system 1 type cognition to themed fantasy worlds, which will be the topic of the next post.

So, on to the matter of convergence into fantasy worlds. First, let us look at neurotypical imitation behaviors.

https://psychcentral.com/news/2013/04/0 ... 53604.html

Autistic Kids Tend to Imitate ‘Efficiently,’ Not ‘Socially’

Normally, kids copying adult behavior will go out of their way to repeat each and every element of the behavior even if they realize parts of it don’t make any sense.

But a new study shows that when a child with autism copies the actions of an adult, he or she is likely to omit anything “silly” about what they’ve just seen.



The neurotypical children copy automatically essentially, by simply repeating the steps presented to them as demonstrated, whereas the autistic children make the process more efficient even though they are slower, in the initial iteration at least, to complete the task. Now, an example of neurotypical imitation behavior after exposure to a priming melodramatic narrative:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mass_hysteria

In sociology and psychology, mass hysteria (also known as collective hysteria, group hysteria, or collective obsessional behavior) is a phenomenon that transmits collective illusions of threats, whether real or imaginary, through a population in society as a result of rumors and fear (memory acknowledgement).[1][2]


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morangos_ ... Acar_Virus

The Morangos com Açúcar Virus (also known as the Soap Opera Virus) was initiated by an episode of the popular Portuguese teen soap opera entitled "Morangos com Açúcar" in which a terrible disease was introduced to the school attended by the characters in the series. The television show, which first premiered in March 2004, follows the stories of a group of "normal" teenage kids and the dramaticized ups and downs that they encounter in their daily lives, much like the Canadian drama series "Degrassi." Only a few days after the episode aired, a few teens began to develop symptoms similar to those depicted on the show. These symptoms included rashes, breathing troubles, and severe dizziness. Before long, the "disease" had spread to more than 300 high school students in 14 different Portuguese schools. Some schools were actually forced to temporarily close because of the severity of the outbreak. However, the Portuguese National Institute for Medical Emergency brushed the epidemic off, calling it a case of mass hysteria. Doctor Nelson Pereira, the director of the PNIME, said, "What we concretely have is a few children with allergies and apparently a phenomenon of many other children imitating." Another doctor, Mario Almeidi, pronounced his disbelief in the disease, saying "I know of no disease which is so selective that it only attacks school children."


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soap_opera

A soap opera or soap, is a serial drama on television or radio that examines the lives of many characters, usually focusing on emotional relationships to the point of melodrama.[1]


Research regarding a similar phenomenon:

https://bjc.oxfordjournals.org/content/ ... 5.abstract

Abstract

This paper argues that a narrative lens is conducive toward a renewed understanding of moral panic. It is proposed that a melodramatic narrative frame that is central to the construction of news stories about crime is significant for conceptualizing what moral panics are and how they work. The paper will propose that moral panics can be seen as enacted melodramas, where the traditional boundaries between newsmakers, interest groups and ‘the public’ are temporarily dismantled and where everyday citizens experience the role of the suffering victim. This understanding provides insight toward appreciating why only some issues develop into moral panic in particular spaces and times and offers a new framework with which to approach the study of panic.


So, now let us look at religiosity:

http://www.faceofmalawi.com/2017/07/rel ... ist-warns/

A professor at Stanford University, Robert Sapolsky, has said that religion is a mental illness, and that the behaviours exhibited by ‘prophets’ in religious texts are diagnosable acts.

The self-described atheist, who is also a neuroendocrinologist, argues that religion is comparable to a shared schizophrenia.



https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_mania

Social manias are mass movements which periodically sweep through societies. They are characterized by an outpouring of enthusiasm, mass involvement and millenarian goals. Social manias are contagious social epidemics, and as such they should be differentiated from mania in individuals.

Social manias come in different sizes and strengths. Some social manias fail to 'catch fire', while others persist for hundreds of years (although sometimes in severely attenuated form). Common to all is a vision of salvation, a new way of life, which if realized would radically change everyday life, ushering in a new world of freedom and justice.

The Taiping Rebellion is an excellent illustration, as it was both widespread and destructive and has no modern adherents to whom its use as an example would be a distraction. The Ghost dance which was briefly embraced by Native Americans of the Great Plains in 1890 is another excellent example which may be viewed in some historical perspective, as may The Crusades. Almost any form of religion could be argued to be a long-standing social mania, many of which have persisted through thousands of years.



So, associations between both schizophrenia and mania have been made to religiosity. This is similar to what we would expect based on the research regarding the psychotic blasphemers in Pakistan:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4067851/

The entire spectrum of psychopathology lends itself to various behavioural infringements that could fall foul of the blasphemy laws in place in Pakistan. Individuals with psychotic disorders, such as mania and schizophrenia, can present symptoms of grandiose and bizarre delusional systems of being of divine origin, behavioural disinhibition and lack of insight, which place them at risk of prosecution under these laws. Individuals with autism, with varying degrees of intellectual disability, are another diagnostic group also at risk of not being able to follow social rules of due reverence and regard for what the community holds sacrosanct.


As well as an observable theme of the delusional content of schizophrenics:

livingwithschizophreniauk.org/religious-spiritual-delusions-schizophrenia/

For many people religion is one way that we understand the world and give meaning to our lives and certainly religion and spirituality play an important part in many people’s experiences of schizophrenia. For some sufferers religious delusions or intense religiously-based irrational thinking may be a component of their symptoms, for instance they may believe that they have been sent by God to become a great prophet.



So, we have two psycho-pathological etiologies for the initial events of religiosity. A third potential being:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolution ... te_note-17

One related hypothesis argues that schizophrenia helps maintain charismatic leaders using certain symptoms like paranoia and delusions.


I had a better source for this than wikipedia but have lost it and will need to spend some time tracking it down again. However a third hypothesis is essentially that schizophrenics are more suggestible and so on and therefore more likely to congregate to charismatic leaders, and that charismatic leaders are more likely to be sociopathic and to sexually make use of their followers, such that selective pressure for sociopathy and psychosis is emergent from these charismatic cults with social numbers and thereby strength.

So, three potential hypotheses at least, to summarize, essentially a convergence around, in some cases, certain manic and schizophrenic psychotics, either due to congregation of individuals with such traits yet centering around individuals in such manner, or by imitation essentially as in the case of the mass hysteria previously demonstrated, or some combination of these things, creating essentially a stabilization after a positive feedback loop of such:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Positive_feedback_loop

Image

Positive feedback is a process that occurs in a feedback loop in which the effects of a small disturbance on a system include an increase in the magnitude of the perturbation.[1] That is, A produces more of B which in turn produces more of A.[2


System parameters will typically accelerate towards extreme values, which may damage or destroy the system, or may end with the system latched into a new stable state.


or otherwise by suggestibility into such by charismatic sociopaths. I dispute none of these hypotheses and believe there is evidence for the correctness of all three of them simultaneously. For one, some studies find animism (also called 'unfounded mentalizing') in the religious:

Does Poor Understanding of Physical World Predict Religious and Paranormal Beliefs?

Unlike the earlier studies, which have addressed only few specific targets and attributes, unfounded mentalizing was here apparent throughout a range of basic physical objects and processes, and at a higher level of abstraction, on the superordinate concept of mental. This kind of mental-physical confusion has been recognized mainly among ancient people and small children.


The ability to distinguish mental from physical seems to be impaired both among ASD individuals and supernatural believers, although its manifestation is reversed. Because findings from hyper-mentalistic and hyper-mechanistic cognition, as two opposite phenotypes, can help each other in the search for their underlying mechanisms, one promising approach for future studies might be to integrate research on this newly found matter-blindness to research on mind-blindness


A media summary of the previously cited study:

http://www.redorbit.com/news/science/11 ... ng-102616/

The scientists found that, overall, those who believe in God and the paranormal are more likely to be female and to base their actions on instinct instead of analysis or critical thinking.


This is evidence of a convergent schizophrenia skewed subtype of religiosity as postulated by professor Sapolsky of Stanford:

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF01572564

While the number of patients tested is small, it is clear that the group of schizophrenic patients showed a strikingly high degree of primitive animistic thinking. The results concur with Nunberg's observation that animistic responses are common in schizophrenia


Yet the research of Anthony Ian Jack found no such unfounded mentalizing:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4805169/

Using nine different measures of mentalizing, we found no evidence of a relationship between mentalizing and religious or spiritual belief. These findings challenge the theoretical view that religious and spiritual beliefs are linked to the perception of agency, and suggest that gender differences in religious belief can be explained by differences in moral concern. These findings are consistent with the opposing domains hypothesis, according to which brain areas associated with moral concern and analytic thinking are in tension.


I see no reason for one side or the other to have produced correct results, and rather speculate that they are observing two groups of religious individuals with ultimately disparate etiologies essentially, with the animistic religious having a schizophrenic like state of socially convergent cognitively anosognosic psychosis, and those without animism having a manic like state of socially convergent cognitively anosognosic psychosis.

And regarding moral concern, let us not forget that the masses have progressed not beyond conventional moral reasoning:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lawrence_ ... nventional

Conventional

The conventional level of moral reasoning is typical of adolescents and adults. To reason in a conventional way is to judge the morality of actions by comparing them to society's views and expectations.
The conventional level consists of the third and fourth stages of moral development. Conventional morality is characterized by an acceptance of society's conventions concerning right and wrong. At this level an individual obeys rules and follows society's norms even when there are no consequences for obedience or disobedience. Adherence to rules and conventions is somewhat rigid, however, and a rule's appropriateness or fairness is seldom questioned.[7][8][9]


And so is this matter and logic blindness, by which the minds of the society are made reference to for morality, so different from the matter and logic blindness of the schizophrenic subtype which is associated with animism as from a hyperactive agency detection device?

Image

And after all, we know that conventional moral reasoning can be an abomination when the charismatic sociopaths set the content of the minds of the masses with their propaganda:

"The rank and file are more primitive than we imagine. Propaganda must therefore always be essentially simple and repetitious. In the long run only he will achieve basic results in influencing public opinion who is able to reduce problems to the simplest terms and who has the courage to keep forever repeating them in this simplified form despite the objections of intellectuals." --Joseph Goebbels


https://qz.com/822907/science-suggests- ... -of-truth/

Science suggests that frequently repeating a lie creates “the illusion of truth”


http://journals.plos.org/plosone/articl ... ne.0132209

Our hypothesis also predicts that changes in the value of immediate input for a specific stimulus or task will be associated with increased activity in the DMN. This prediction is supported by a recent study of repetition suppression, which observed decreases in DMN deactivations during encoding as participants viewed the same items, suggest that the DMN deactivates less as participants form a stronger memory trace of a stimulus [62].


https://www.deepdyve.com/lp/elsevier/ag ... iU4YeIQ0mI

The neural networks supporting encoding of new information are thought to decline with age, although mnemonic techniques such as repetition may enhance performance in older individuals. Accumulation of amylodine hallmark pathology of Alzheimer's disease (AD), may contribute to functional alterations in memory networks measured with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) prior to onset of cognitive impairment. We investigated the effects of age any amyloid burden on fMRI activity in the default mode network and hippocampus during repetitive encoding. Older individuals, particularly those with high amyloid burden, demonstrated decreased task-induced deactivation in the posteromedial cortices during initial stimulus presentation and failed to modulate fMRI activity in response to repeated trials, whereas young subjects demonstrated a stepwise decrease in deactivation with repetition. The hippocampus demonstrated similar patterns across the groups, showing task-induced activity that decreased in response to repetition. These findings demonstrate that age and amyloid have dissociable functional effects on specific nodes within a distributed memory network, and suggest that functional brain changes may begin far in advance of symptomatic Alzheimer's disease'


https://www.weeklystandard.com/jack-fischel/nazi-morals

The readiness of many Germans to acquiesce evolved as a consequence of their internalization of the knowledge that was disseminated apparently by legitimate institutions of the state. As Koonz notes, the indoctrination was successful because there was little reason to question the facts conveyed by experts, documentary films, educational materials, and popular science. The German public was reeducated to support the elimination of Jews, Gypsies, the chronically ill, and other categories of the "unfit"--all as a moral good, consistent with the dictates of conscience. Koonz's prodigious work is a major contribution to our understanding of the social and ideological history of the Third Reich.


http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10. ... cess=true&

This article discusses the rationale of Nazi ethics and the moral conditioning of Nazi perpetrators aimed at developing a kind of “ethnic conscience” which restricted moral obligations to members of their own race community. It reconstructs how the universal ethics of humanism got turned upside down and replaced with the particularistic selective racial ethics and the pragmatics of eugenics and racial exterminatory politics. Traditional values regarding human life, based on the idea of its unconditional worth, were replaced by the distinction between life worthy of being promoted and life unworthy of being lived. It shows how ordinary Germans became willing executioners of criminal and immoral deeds. Neither did they act without any moral orientation nor in the awareness that what they were doing was morally reprehensible. As perpetrators with a clear conscience they were convinced that the humiliation, persecution, deportation and, finally, killing of the Jews was the right thing to do.


Inducing them into a dreamlike state:

https://content.ucpress.edu/chapters/11128.ch01.pdf

“Condensation”— the production of amalgamated, blurred, or composite figures in dream work or symptoms of a disturbance— is a perennial trait of moral panic.


http://en.citizendium.org/wiki/Moral_panic

The Holocaust was, perhaps, the extreme of the moral panic, in which Nazi ideology blamed Jews as the source of all ills.


In which themed collections of fiction material are made reference to, rather than actuality or the materials capturing it:

Image

research.calvin.edu/german-propaganda-archive/weltparasit.htm

If we thoroughly study the racial nature of the Jew, we conclude that Jewry is not a race in the ordinary sense of the word. Instead, as Houston Steward Chamberlain wrote, it must be seen as a counter-race, although the term “counter-race” cannot be understood in a biological sense. From a biological standpoint, Jewry is a stable, inbred mixture of extreme races and racial rubbish. The concept of “counter-race” primarily means the destructive and disruptive effect of Jewry within natural races. The distinguishing mark of Jewry within human races has to do on the one hand with the racial makeup of the Jews, who have been scattered for millennia, and on the other hand in their stubborn adherence to the crassest materialism, based on their so-called religious laws.

Jewry is the result of the mixing of every possible race. It is the biggest racial mish-mash in history. This racial mish-mash is so dangerous for all peoples because it because it includes elements from every race. The bad characteristics of these races have been passed on for many generations through Jewry in ever stronger form.


https://www.history.com/topics/germany/eugenics

By 1940, Hitler’s master-race mania took a terrible turn as Germans with mental or physical disabilities were euthanized by gas or lethal injection. Even the blind and deaf weren’t safe, and hundreds of thousands of people were killed.


Image

Image

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4805169/

Based on a review of this work, we identify moral concern as a broad category which includes empathic concern, interpersonal connection, prosocial behavior and aspects of moral reasoning. It is important to note that individuals with high levels of moral concern will not necessarily behave more ethically in all situations. Indeed, some researchers have claimed that high levels of empathic concern can be a detriment to moral behavior [47]. Further, there is empirical support for the view that moral concern for others can lead to aggression in the context of perceived threat [48]


https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2 ... 103017.htm

While more empathy may sound desirable, untempered empathy can be dangerous, Jack said. "Terrorists, within their bubble, believe it's a highly moral thing they're doing. They believe they are righting wrongs and protecting something sacred."


So, this tie to traditional religiosity is most important as:

https://philarchive.org/archive/VANRCA-8

In this paper, I examine the relationship between social cognition and religious cognition. Many cognitive theories of religion claim that these two forms are somehow related, but the details are usually left unexplored and insights from theories of social cognition are not taken on board.


http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/obs ... eir-lives/

Some experts theorize that certain schizophrenia symptoms (for instance, paranoia) arise in part from a hyperactive sense of social reasoning. “I’d guess that they’d give lots of teleological answers; more than neurotypical people, and certainly far more than people with Asperger’s,” Heywood says.


http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/ ... cally.html

Religious people 'cling to certain beliefs' even when they contradict evidence because they are overly emotional and irrational, study claims


https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4140620/

Anosognosia in Schizophrenia: Hidden in Plain Sight
...
“I don’t need medicine—there is nothing wrong with me. I just came here for a check-up.”



https://www.nature.com/articles/srep39589

Neural correlates of maintaining one’s political beliefs in the face of counterevidence
...
Challenges to political beliefs produced increased activity in the default mode network—a set of interconnected structures associated with self-representation and disengagement from the external world.






I will continue in this vein with a new post shortly, looking at psychosis from an evolutionary biology/psychiatry perspective, as well as defining religion.



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__________________
Life is a whore, just pay your dues and fuck her hard

Before I continue on I would like to take a short aside to describe signalling theory:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Signalling_theory

Because there are both mutual and conflicting interests in most animal signalling systems, a central problem in signalling theory is dishonesty or cheating. For example, if foraging birds are safer when they give a warning call, cheats could give false alarms at random, just in case a predator is nearby. But too much cheating could cause the signalling system to collapse. Every dishonest signal weakens the integrity of the signalling system, and so reduces the fitness of the group.[16][17] An example of dishonest signalling comes from Fiddler crabs such as Uca lactea mjoebergi, which have been shown to bluff (no conscious intention being implied) about their fighting ability. When a claw is lost, a crab occasionally regrows a weaker claw that nevertheless intimidates crabs with smaller but stronger claws.[18][19] The proportion of dishonest signals is low enough for it not to be worthwhile for crabs to test the honesty of every signal through combat.[16]


False signals can include everything from using hair systems so as to signal having the genetic fitness associated with this ornament:

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To using things such as scarecrows to create a false impression of life so as to scare birds away from the fields:

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To having a coat that looks like snow so as to blend in with the environment:

Image

Signalling theory is very comprehensive and has numerous distinct manifestations. Typically, honest and false signals compete with each other toward resource acquisition and evolutionary fitness. A given signal may be with varying degrees of honesty and falsity though, as for example although tobacco is most likely quite harmful in the long term typically, anti-tobacco signalling is also most likely exaggerated and somewhat dishonest in many cases.

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Propaganda is essentially by definition a false signal:

https://www.weeklystandard.com/jack-fischel/nazi-morals

The readiness of many Germans to acquiesce evolved as a consequence of their internalization of the knowledge that was disseminated apparently by legitimate institutions of the state. As Koonz notes, the indoctrination was successful because there was little reason to question the facts conveyed by experts, documentary films, educational materials, and popular science. The German public was reeducated to support the elimination of Jews, Gypsies, the chronically ill, and other categories of the "unfit"--all as a moral good, consistent with the dictates of conscience.


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As well as netwar theory:

http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a314073.pdf

The emergence of netwar implies a need to rethink strategy and doctrine, since traditional notions of war as a sequential process based on massing, maneuvering, and fighting will likely prove inadequate to cope with a nonlinear landscape of conflict in which societal and military elements are closely intermingled. In our view, traditional warfare fits the Western paradigm symbolized by chess, where territory is very important, units are functionally specialized, and operations proceed sequentially until checkmate. Netwar, however, requires a new analytic paradigm, which, we argue, is provided by the Oriental game of Go, where there are no "fronts," offense and defense are often blurred, and fortifications and massing simply provide targets for implosive attacks. Victory is achieved not by checkmate, as there is no king to decapitate, but by gaining control of a greater amount of the "battlespace."


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In terms of implications for policy, we argue that forming networks to fight networks and decentralizing operational decisionmaking authority will likely improve the ability of the United States to combat transnational crime and terrorism and to counter the proliferation efforts of rogue states and their nonstate support networks.


https://www.rand.org/pubs/monograph_reports/MR1382.html

Networks and Netwars
The Future of Terror, Crime, and Militancy

The concepts of cyberwar and netwar encompass a new spectrum of conflict that is emerging in the wake of the information revolution. Netwar includes conflicts waged, on the one hand, by terrorists, criminals, gangs, and ethnic extremists; and by civil-society activists (such as cyber activists or WTO protestors) on the other. What distinguishes netwar is the networked organizational structure of its practitioners — with many groups actually being leaderless — and their quickness in coming together in swarming attacks. To confront this new type of conflict, it is crucial for governments, military, and law enforcement to begin networking themselves


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swarming_(military)

They define swarming, in a military context, as "...seemingly amorphous, but it is a deliberately structured, coordinated, strategic way to strike from all directions, by means of a sustainable pulsing of force and/or fire, close-in as well as from stand-off positions."


A recent example of swarming can be found in Mexico, at the level of what we call activist “social netwar” (see Ronfeldt et al., 1998)


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https://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/p ... 82.ch7.pdf

Networks, as opposed to institutions, are shaped by decentralized command and control structures, are resistant to “decapitation” attacks targeting leaders, and are amorphous enough to weld together coalitions with significantly different agendas while concentrating forces on a single symbolic target.






As well as moral panic theory:

https://content.ucpress.edu/chapters/11128.ch01.pdf

Panic

A Guide to the Uses of Fear

[W]e are only episodic conductors of meaning, essentially. We form a mass, living most of the time in a state of panic or haphazardly, above and beyond any meaning.

—Jean Baudrillard, In the Shadow of the Silent Majorities

“Moral panic” can be defined broadly as any mass movement that emerges in response to a false, exaggerated, or ill- defined moral threat to society and proposes to address this threat through punitive measures: tougher enforcement, “zero tolerance,” new laws, communal vigilance, violent purges.1 Witch hunts are classic examples of moral panics in small, tribal, or agrarian communities. McCarthyism is the obvious example of a moral panic fueled by the mass media and tethered to repressive governance.2



“Condensation”— the production of amalgamated, blurred, or composite figures in dream work or symptoms of a disturbance— is a perennial trait of moral panic.


http://www.thesociologicalcinema.com/vi ... r-on-drugs

"When the official reaction to a person, groups of persons or series of events is out of all proportion to the actual threat offered, when 'experts', in the form of police chiefs, the judiciary, politicians and editors perceive the threat in all but identical terms, and appear to talk 'with one voice' of rates, diagnoses, prognoses and solutions, when the media representations universally stress 'sudden and dramatic' increases (in numbers involved or events) and 'novelty', above and beyond that which a sober, realistic appraisal could sustain, then we believe it is appropriate to speak of the beginnings of a moral panic."


https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/wi ... ublic-fear

Moreover, there are two important news media practices that contribute to moral panic. These are known as framing and priming. Framing refers to the way an issue is presented to the public or angle it is given by the news media. Framing involves calling attention to certain aspects of an issue while ignoring or obscuring other elements. In other words, framing gives meaning to an issue.
...
In contrast, priming is a psychological process whereby the news media emphasis on a particular issue not only increases the salience of the issue on the public agenda, but also activates previously acquired information about that issue in people’s memories. The priming mechanism explains how the news frame used in a particular story can trigger an individual’s pre-existing attitudes, beliefs and prejudices regarding that issue.





As well as how all of these things are related:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moral_entrepreneur

Social position determines one's ability to define and construct reality; therefore, the higher one's social position, the greater his or her moral value.


http://www.healthline.com/health/psychosis

What is psychosis?

Psychosis is characterized by an impaired relationship with reality.
And it is a symptom of serious mental disorders. People who are psychotic may have either hallucinations or delusions.


http://journals.plos.org/plosone/articl ... ne.0149989

Engaging social stimuli are associated with activation of the DMN and deactivation of the TPN, whereas analytic problems are associated with activation of the TPN and deactivation of the DMN.


https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23049758

A prominent feature of the human brain's global architecture is the anticorrelation of default-mode vs. task-positive systems. Here,we show that administration of an NMDA glutamate receptor antagonist, ketamine, disrupted the reciprocal relationship between these systems in terms of task-dependent activation and connectivity during performance of delayed working memory. Furthermore, the degree of this disruption predicted task performance and transiently evoked symptoms characteristic of schizophrenia.




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And a pertinent philosophical allegory (of the cave, by socrates / plato):

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And so this is all still related to the main topic, as it is tied together by this:

http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/do ... 1&type=pdf

Thomas Szasz’ constructive theory of mental illnesses – that they are (often deceptive) social strategies – can be reframed as a testable scientific hypothesis using concepts from evolutionary biology. Most data on non-bizarre delusions support the hypothesis that delusions evolved to mitigate the dangerous consequences of social failure by serving to unconsciously deceive others into providing social benefits that otherwise would not be forthcoming. In ancestral environments, a delusional individual convinced others that he or she possessed valuable information or social contacts, faced dangerous external threats, or was ill, and was thus eligible to receive valuable benefits.


I will continue with the primary narrative in a new post shortly.

For a more concrete example of what we left off with:

https://reason.com/blog/2014/06/12/eden ... alls-apart

It's a pretty good summary of the standard narrative on sex-trafficking these days: it's everywhere, all the time, and we don't even know it; the only way to combat it is to keep throwing cops and money and laws at it; and anyone who questions any of this is only aiding the evildoers. It's almost impossible to argue with people who buy this narrative, because the more evidence you present challenging sex trafficking's pervasiveness, the more they see proof that sex trafficking is so under the radar we need to throw more cops and money and laws at it.


https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/a ... 5214003359

Essentially, anosognosic patients hold quasi-delusional beliefs about their paralysed limbs, in spite of all the contrary evidence, repeated questioning, and logical argument.


https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4140620/

Anosognosia in Schizophrenia: Hidden in Plain Sight
...
“I don’t need medicine—there is nothing wrong with me. I just came here for a check-up.”



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https://reason.com/blog/2014/06/12/eden ... alls-apart

As a public speaker, and activist, Kim had already told this story many times—here's her being interviewed for the 2011 book Not in My Town: Exposing and Ending Human Trafficking and Sex Slavery. She describes how she was kidnapped and trafficked as so:

I had a gun to my head. The head person that does the trafficking was a consultant with the FBI in Las Vegas. So it was very corrupt.

Though she was 18, Kim says she was forced to pretend to be 13 to appeal to an array of unsuspecting pedophiles.

Um, it was an international criminal organization, but the majority of customers were white Americans. And the customers were anywhere between CEOs, lawyers, police officers, we've even had really high-echelon pastors, different types of men. They were high status; there were even political figures that were there that bought me.



We regretfully want to inform everyone the results of a year long investigation by our highly experienced investigative unit, that Chong Kim whom has claimed to be a survivor of human trafficking is not what she claims to be.

After thorough investigation into her story, people, records and places, as well as, many interviews with producers, publishers and people from organizations, we found no truth to her story. In fact, we found a lot of fraud, lies, and most horrifically capitalizing and making money on an issue where so many people are suffering from.



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https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eden_(2012_film)

After these accusations arose, Noah Berlatsky of Salon compared Kim to Somaly Mam and commented that the film was thickly layered with exploitation tropes and improbable scenarios. Berlatsky found it shocking that "anyone took this clearly fanciful, clearly derivative fiction for fact".[5] Journalist Elizabeth Nolan Brown criticized "the authors who repeated Kim's story, the journalists who interviewed her, the organizations that brought her on as a speaker, or any of the myriad people behind the 'based on a true story' Eden" for not checking and verifying Kim's claims.[7] Journalist Mike Ludwig argued that the narrative promoted by the film harmed consensual sex workers.[8] Seattle sex worker Mistress Matisse had been questioning the veracity of the film since 2012.[6] Matisse stated that Colin Plank and Megan Griffiths "perpetrated a fraud in their movie called Eden." [19]


https://richarddawkins.net/2014/07/chil ... udy-finds/

Young children who are exposed to religion have a hard time differentiating between fact and fiction, according to a new study published in the July issue of Cognitive Science.


http://www.ipt-forensics.com/journal/volume7/j7_3_5.htm

You're Not Paranoid Schizophrenic: You Only Have Posttraumatic Stress Disorder1

Richard A. Gardner*

ABSTRACT: Patients with paranoid schizophrenia are being misdiagnosed as having PTSD by therapists who see child sexual abuse as rampant and as causing a wide variety of psychiatric problems. The symptoms of paranoid schizophrenia can easily be distorted and manipulated so that the PTSD criteria in the DSM-III-R and the DSM-IV appear to be met. The reasons for the proliferation of this misdiagnosis are that PTSD and the sexual abuse explanation for symptoms are more in vogue, are more satisfying and less complex to treat, and provide more financial benefits to the mental health practitioner compared to schizophrenia.

The sex-abuse hysteria we are witnessing today is the greatest wave of hysteria that we have ever experienced in this country. It has been going on for at least a decade and, although there are some signs that people are increasingly coming to their senses, there is no question that we have a long way to go until this abomination has spent its course. Unfortunately, psychiatry is playing an active role in promulgating what is clearly a national scandal. In an earlier article in the Academy Forum, I described what I consider to be factors operative in its origins and development (Gardner, 1993). More recently, I described the ways in which patients with paranoid schizophrenia are being given the specious consolation that they are only suffering with multiple personality disorder (MPD) (Gardner, 1994).

Here I describe how the posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnosis is being used in a similar way. I will first describe the PTSD misdiagnosis phenomenon and then comment on the purposes such alterations of reality serve. I will follow the PTSD criteria provided in the DSM-III-R (American Psychiatric Association, 1987) and then describe how each of the symptoms of paranoid schizophrenia can be manipulated and distorted in such a way that it satisfies a PTSD criterion. I am not claiming that this process is necessarily a conscious and deliberate one on the part of those who involve themselves in this procedure. Many are overzealous in their need to see sex abuse as the cause for the wide variety of psychiatric problems with which they deal. Some are simply incompetent and doing what is in vogue, and they may have been guided here by teachers who have been swept up in the wave of hysteria.

In order to accomplish the goal of converting paranoid schizophrenia into PTSD, the evaluator must start with the basic premise that the patient has been sexually abused. I am not referring to situations in which there was bona fide sex abuse and PTSD is one of the reactions. Rather, I am referring to the situation in which there is absolutely no good evidence that the patient was sexually abused, and the allegations are extremely improbable, bizarre, and even impossible. The accusation, then, is part of a delusional system.


So,

http://www.faceofmalawi.com/2017/07/rel ... ist-warns/

A professor at Stanford University, Robert Sapolsky, has said that religion is a mental illness, and that the behaviours exhibited by ‘prophets’ in religious texts are diagnosable acts.

The self-described atheist, who is also a neuroendocrinologist, argues that religion is comparable to a shared schizophrenia.



https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_mania

Almost any form of religion could be argued to be a long-standing social mania, many of which have persisted through thousands of years.


Religiosity is essentially a convergent cognitively anosognosic psychotic decompensatory condition, and is in this manner identical to social cognition:

http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/obs ... eir-lives/

Some experts theorize that certain schizophrenia symptoms (for instance, paranoia) arise in part from a hyperactive sense of social reasoning.


https://philarchive.org/archive/VANRCA-8

In this paper, I examine the relationship between social cognition and religious cognition. Many cognitive theories of religion claim that these two forms are somehow related, but the details are usually left unexplored and insights from theories of social cognition are not taken on board.



So, let us look at the themes then of the delusional content of schizophrenics.

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For starters, I would like to add that this list is somewhat preliminary or more so that I cannot assure you that all of these are indeed establishments of religion. I can only assure you that the Drug War and the sex Cult are establishments of religion, as well as the less contested ones of course. Some of them certainly appear to be establishments of religion based on my best interpretation of the signaling regarding them, but the issue is essentially:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mimicry

Image

Though by analogy rather than literalness essentially, regarding signaling of being materials correlated to the actual reality as opposed to materials which are but cultural artifacts of man purporting to be correlated to the physical existence yet falsely so. It is well recognized that the establishments of religion signal as being scientific in the modern era so as to remain competitive essentially:

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https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Of_Pandas_and_People

Of Pandas and People: The Central Question of Biological Origins is a controversial 1989 (2nd edition 1993) school-level textbook written by Percival Davis and Dean H. Kenyon and published by the Texas-based Foundation for Thought and Ethics (FTE). The textbook endorses the pseudoscientific[1][2][3][4] concept of intelligent design—namely that life shows evidence of being designed by an intelligent agent which is not named specifically in the book, although proponents understand that it refers to the Christian God.[5] They present various polemical arguments against the scientific theory of evolution.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrew_Wakefield#Vaxxed

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Dr Ian Lipkin, professor of epidemiology and director of the Center for Infection and Immunity at Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health, writing in The Wall Street Journal, said: "If Vaxxed had been submitted as science fiction, it would merit attention for its story line, character development and dialogue. But as a documentary it misrepresents what science knows about autism, undermines public confidence in the safety and efficacy of vaccines, and attacks the integrity of legitimate scientists and public-health officials".[149]


https://sciencebasedmedicine.org/wakefield-fights-back/

Dr. Andrew Wakefield was almost single-handedly responsible for frightening the public about a possible association between autism and the MMR vaccine. His alarmist recommendations directly led to lower vaccination rates and a resurgence of measles to endemic levels in the UK. The MMR/autism interpretation of his 1998 article in The Lancet was retracted by 10 of his 12 co-authors. The article itself was “fully retracted from the public record” by The Lancet. And now Wakefield has lost his license to practice medicine after the General Medical Council’s exhaustive 2½-year review of his ethical conduct.


https://www.sciencebasedmedicine.org/je ... e-vaccine/

Like Steve Novella, I have no doubt that Jenny McCarthy and Jim Carrey mean well, but I agree that it’s not enough to mean well. There’s a famous saying that the road to hell is paved with good intentions. My usually corollary to this saying is that good intentions coupled with misinformation and self-righteousness are the straightest and surest route to hell that I can think of, and among the best examples of this corollary are parents who have been misled by the pseudoscience of the cottage industry of autism quackery that depends on the belief that vaccines cause autism for its profitability.


http://journals.plos.org/plosone/articl ... ne.0149989

Engaging social stimuli are associated with activation of the DMN and deactivation of the TPN, whereas analytic problems are associated with activation of the TPN and deactivation of the DMN.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moral_entrepreneur

Social position determines one's ability to define and construct reality; therefore, the higher one's social position, the greater his or her moral value.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Behavior- ... parasitoid

Some parasites and parasitoids cause changes in the behavior of their hosts by directly affecting the hosts' decision-making and behavior control mechanisms. The acquired or modified behaviors assist in parasite transmission, and often result in the host's demise.


Essentially, just because a movement may appear to be not an establishment of religion or otherwise an establishment of religion based on the signaling you've seen regarding it, you must always be careful to ensure you are not witnessing essentially parasitic mimicry whereby establishments of religion falsely signal as being of the essence of the empirical truth, or where behavior modifying parasites signal that the empirical truth is an establishment of religion. It can be hard to tell what is honestly signaled from what is falsely signaled, and in the spirit of Socrates we must keep in mind always that:

http://www.math.nus.edu.sg/~matlmc/Allegory_cave.pdf

"Any one who has common sense will remember that the bewilderments of the eyes are of two kinds, and arise from two causes, either from coming out of the light or from going into the light, which is true of the mind's eye, quite as much as of the bodily eye; and he who remembers this when he sees any one whose vision is perplexed and weak, will not be too ready to laugh; he will first ask whether that soul of man has come out of the brighter light, and is unable to see because unaccustomed to the dark, or having turned from darkness to the day is dazzled by excess of light. And he will count the one happy in his condition and state of being, and he will pity the other; or, if he has a mind to laugh at the soul which comes from below into the light, there will be more reason in this than in the laugh which greets him who returns from above out of the light into the den".


The one who is sure of his orientation to actuality is more at risk of being associated with a mimicry of actuality indefinitely than he who keeps an open mind to the possibility that his conception of reality is but an understanding of a themed collection of the fiction materials fabricated man, being naught more than a cultural artifact having not correlation to the state of the physical existence, but rather presenting as if an oracle into the state of it whilst being but an oracle into a themed fantasy world described by likewise themed materials and the believers in them.

In the sake of keeping this spirit I can in fact not even assure you that the Sex Cult or the Drug War are establishments of religion, yet these two I am the most certain of being so, whereas the climate change movement I am not so familiar with, yet I can perceive from the signaling of numerous physicists the resonance of actuality in their characterizations of the matter, yet I have still some suspicion they may be engaging in mimicry, yet predominately I have come to believe those who say the climate change movement is an establishment of religion, even as being with less certainty of this and keeping an open mind, whereas I am quite certain the Drug War and Sex Cult are establishments of religion and believe them to be even as keeping always an open mind in the spirit of Socrates. Regarding the anti vaccination movement as well I am quite sure they are an establishment of religion, and yet again my familiarity with them is not the same as it is regarding the Drug War and the Sex Cult, though a Ph.D. immunologist in my family has said that they are without scientific rigor and I believe him, as well as have the resonance of actuality from the materials of those who signal against them.

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https://www.wsj.com/articles/SB121486841811817591

Last week marked the 20th anniversary of the mass hysteria phenomenon known as global warming. Much of the science has since been discredited. Now it's time for political scientists, theologians and psychiatrists to weigh in.


https://edberry.com/blog/climate-physic ... te-change/

A short, total rebuttal to climate alarmism

by Dr. Ed Berry, PhD, Physics

...

Therefore, it is a cult religion. The US government and its agencies like the EPA have forced the alarmists’ climate cult religion on the American public in opposition to the First Amendment to our Constitution.



telegram.com/news/20170122/mit-physicist-warns-against-alarmism-over-climate-change

He quoted H.L. Mencken: “The whole aim of practical politics is to keep the populace alarmed and hence clamorous to be led to safety from an endless series of hobgoblins, most of them imaginary.” The time has come to “put the brakes on” climate change alarmism, he said.


http://www.intellectualtakeout.org/arti ... ate-change

Dr. Happer, Professor Emeritus of physics at Princeton University, earned his Ph.D. in physics from his alma mater. He worked as a professor at Columbia University and served as the Director of the Department of Energy’s Office of Science under George H. W. Bush before returning to Princeton.

Earlier this year, Dr. Happer commented to The Guardian that he thinks “There’s a whole area of climate so-called science that is really more like a cult. It’s like Hare Krishna or something like that. They’re glassy-eyed and they chant. It will potentially harm the image of all science.”



https://www.ibtimes.co.uk/climate-chang ... ng-1484852

An MIT professor has likened believing in global warming to being in a "cult" and having "fanatical" beliefs.

Professor emeritus Richard Lindzen, a well-known climate change denier, was speaking on a radio show about how he believes there is a religious nature to the belief in global warming.

"As with any cult, once the mythology of the cult begins falling apart, instead of saying, oh, we were wrong, they get more and more fanatical. I think that's what's happening here. Think about it,"


I certainly see much correctness in the characterizations Lindzen has of generic such movements which he applies to the Climate Change movement. He has a good grasp of 20th century religious establishments and claims they are one. His understanding of the generic construct is stellar, and I tend toward trusting him, but as I said I simply am not familiar enough with the science myself, and keep the potential for things analogous to Batesian mimicry in mind.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ivar_Giae ... al_warming

Ivar Giaever (Norwegian: Giæver, IPA: [ˈiːvɑr ˈjeːvər]; born April 5, 1929) is a Norwegian-American physicist who shared the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1973 with Leo Esaki and Brian Josephson "for their discoveries regarding tunnelling phenomena in solids".[1]
...

Giaever has repeatedly professed skepticism of global warming, calling it a "new religion."[10][11][11][12]

...

""I am a skeptic… Global warming has become a new religion." – Nobel Prize Winner for Physics, Ivar Giaever."


And when we consider these topics as well, knowing the archetypal religious establishments are theistic and that:

livingwithschizophreniauk.org/religious-spiritual-delusions-schizophrenia/

For many people religion is one way that we understand the world and give meaning to our lives and certainly religion and spirituality play an important part in many people’s experiences of schizophrenia. For some sufferers religious delusions or intense religiously-based irrational thinking may be a component of their symptoms, for instance they may believe that they have been sent by God to become a great prophet.


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andrewtaustin.com/catatonic-schizophrenia/themes-of-schizophrenic-delusions

The most commonly cited example is that of the person who comes to believe that his family is poisoning him.


http://themillenniumreport.com/2016/06/ ... -people-2/

THE VACCINE CONSPIRACY: U.S. Government Colludes With BIG Pharma To Poison The American People


https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/201 ... -profiling

“I don’t ask them to come to Maine and sell their poison,”


http://www.motherjones.com/politics/200 ... n-industry

No fewer than 50 programs (though not the Rotenberg Center) can trace their treatment philosophy, directly or indirectly, to an antidrug cult called Synanon.


Image


http://www.ipt-forensics.com/journal/volume7/j7_3_5.htm

Paranoid delusions typically incorporate the scapegoats of the era. In World War II, paranoids were persecuted by Nazi spies. From the 1950s to the 1980s, Communists were the typical persecutors of paranoids. Since the early 1980s, with the breakdown of the Communist empire, sex abusers have become the most common persecutors for paranoids.


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https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/tabo ... -qcxjfxs82

Most controversially, he believes society needs to tackle the taboo subject of ASD and paedophilia. Speaking ahead of World Autism Awareness Day today, he suggested that many inmates in sex offender units, including those convicted of child pornography offences, show signs of Asperger’s or ASD.


http://www.telegram.com/news/20180907/c ... s-10-years

Mr. Mahoney said Mr. Lundberg's case is one of many nationwide in which people with autism are prosecuted for child pornography offenses without proper understanding of their mental struggles.


https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4067851/

Individuals with psychotic disorders, such as mania and schizophrenia, can present symptoms of grandiose and bizarre delusional systems of being of divine origin, behavioural disinhibition and lack of insight, which place them at risk of prosecution under these laws. Individuals with autism, with varying degrees of intellectual disability, are another diagnostic group also at risk of not being able to follow social rules of due reverence and regard for what the community holds sacrosanct.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blasphemy

Blasphemy is the act of insulting or showing contempt or lack of reverence to a deity, or sacred things, or toward something considered sacred or inviolable.[1][2][3][4]


humanrightsfirst.org/wp-content/uploads/Blasphemy_Cases.pdf

Egypt: In December 2011, Masoud Abdullah was accused of posting on Facebook allegedly insulting and blasphemous pictures of the Prophet Muhammad.


http://bahai-library.com/?file=uhj_webs ... _bahaullah

For Bahá'ís, the photograph of Bahá'u'lláh is very precious and it should not only be viewed but also handled with due reverence and respect, which is not the case here. Thus, it is indeed disturbing to Bahá'ís to have the image of Bahá'u'lláh treated in such a disrespectful way. However, as the creator of the site is not a Bahá'í, there is little, if anything, that can be done to address this matter. We hope these comments have been of assistance.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heresy

Heresy is any belief or theory that is strongly at variance with established beliefs or customs. A heretic is a proponent of such claims or beliefs.[1] Heresy is distinct from both apostasy, which is the explicit renunciation of one's religion, principles or cause,[2] and blasphemy, which is an impious utterance or action concerning God or sacred things.[3]


http://www.news.com.au/lifestyle/parent ... eb87dc579b

In 1983, Judy Johnson, of California, accused a teacher at her son’s preschool of raping him, said faculty members had sex with animals and even claimed the teacher could fly.

Johnson was hospitalised with paranoid schizophrenia
and died before the end of the preliminary hearing from problems related to alcoholism. But LA’s Children’s Institute International then interviewed several hundred children about the alleged incident.

The students were coerced through suggestive interview techniques into making bizarre claims including the existence of secret tunnels under the school in which the alleged abuse took place; orgies supposedly conducted in car washes and airports; disturbing games in which children were allegedly photographed nude; mutilation of corpses; blood drinking; baby sacrifice and a flying teacher.

Pazder was consulted by the prosecution as an expert on Satanic ritual abuse and corroborated the claims. All parties in the McMartin preschool trial were acquitted of all charges in 1990.


https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/pi ... story.html

What was finally real was Edgar Welch, driving from North Carolina to Washington to rescue sexually abused children he believed were hidden in mysterious tunnels beneath a neighborhood pizza joint.

What was real was Welch — a father, former firefighter and sometime movie actor who was drawn to dark mysteries he found on the Internet — terrifying customers and workers with his ­assault-style rifle as he searched Comet Ping Pong, police said. He found no hidden children, no secret chambers, no evidence of a child sex ring run by the failed Democratic candidate for president of the United States, or by her campaign chief, or by the owner of the pizza place.

What was false were the rumors he had read, stories that crisscrossed the globe about a charming little pizza place that features ping-pong tables in its back room.

The story of Pizzagate is about what is fake and what is real. It’s a tale of a scandal that never was, and of a fear that has spread through channels that did not even exist until recently.

Pizzagate — the belief that code words and satanic symbols point to a sordid underground along an ordinary retail strip in the nation’s capital — is possible only because science has produced the most powerful tools ever invented to find and disseminate information.



https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/jmbw ... hrenia-915

How People with Schizophrenia Use the Internet

Those suffering from delusions can find support groups online, but they can also come across shoddy information and scams that can trigger their conditions.


...

What starts out as simple informative research can quickly become a major trip down a conspiracy rabbit hole. "I remember one [survey respondent] telling me about looking up every single word, and going deeper and deeper and deeper," Schrank said. And conspiracies are only harmless until you put your health on the line.



https://www.snopes.com/news/2017/06/23/satanic-panic/

At trial, Dr. Noblitt testified about the existence of cults using ritual abuse and of organized satanic networks engaged in wide-ranging criminal enterprises including child abuse. The picture painted by Dr. Noblitt in his testimony at trial is one where criminal cults are common across the United States, and that these alleged cults typically engage in torture and murder of both adults and children. Furthermore, Dr. Noblitt opined that these cults are experts in a form of mind control or brainwashing in which victims are so heavily traumatized that they develop total and complete amnesia until the victim enters therapy and recovers the memory. His descriptions of these cults involved rape, murder, torture, grave robbing, and ceremonial animal and human sacrifice. Furthermore, he alleged that these activities took place at churches, involved police officers and other professional individuals. Lurid media coverage of this issue at the time additionally invoked the specter of widespread cannibalism. In order to explain the lack of physical evidence for these outrageous crimes, Dr. Noblitt explained to the jury that these cults will frequently lead their victims to believe in something preposterous, so that if they ever told of their tortures the stories would involve elements that would be so far-fetched that the victims would necessarily be disbelieved. This, according to Dr. Noblitt, was done intentionally by the cults as part of the mind control programming in order to discredit their victims.

In an interview shortly after the trial in a local newspaper, Dr. Noblitt was described as having been the prosecution expert witness in many ritual abuse cases, including the Keller case (Dickinson, 1993). He stated in that interview that Dan Keller, while in court, used a mysterious hand signal to mind-control people within the courtroom. Further, he asserted that cults use severe torture on victims and that all memory of the torture is repressed. In a direct quote from this news article, Dr. Noblitt stated: “I believe they use a technique of mind control unknown in legitimate psychology. It’s akin to hypnosis, created through abuse…the state of shock is so severe that it sends the victim into a deep trance state. Then cult members use different signals or triggers…” to control the victims.


https://www.nytimes.com/2016/06/11/heal ... duals.html

A growing tribe of troubled minds

Mental health professionals say the narrative has taken hold among a group of people experiencing psychotic symptoms that have troubled the human mind since time immemorial. Except now victims are connecting on the internet, organizing and defying medical explanations for what’s happening to them.

The community, conservatively estimated to exceed 10,000 members, has proliferated since 9/11, cradled by the internet and fed by genuine concerns over government surveillance. A large number appear to have delusional disorder or schizophrenia, psychiatrists say.


Yet, the phenomenon remains virtually unresearched.

For the few specialists who have looked closely, these individuals represent an alarming development in the history of mental illness: thousands of sick people, banded together and demanding recognition on the basis of shared paranoias.

They raise money, hold awareness campaigns, host international conferences and fight for their causes in courts and legislatures

Perhaps their biggest victory came last year, when believers in Richmond, Calif., persuaded the City Council to pass a resolution banning space-based weapons that they believe could be used for mind control. A similar lobbying effort is underway in Tucson.



https://www.livingwithschizophreniauk.o ... zophrenia/

Sometimes people with psychosis will believe that they are special or chosen. They may believe that they are a saint or a prophet sent by God or that they are Jesus Christ himself. They may sometimes believe that they are the reincarnation of some famous person from history or entertainment. They may also believe that they can control the weather, world events or other people’s thoughts.


Image

http://www.geoengineeringwatch.org/clim ... ilization/

CLIMATE ENGINEERING WEATHER WARFARE, AND THE COLLAPSE OF CIVILIZATION

Planet Earth is under an all out weather warfare assault. In this video, Dane Wigington gives another presentation in Northern California on the harmful effects of Geoengineering, declaring that there is virtually NO NATURAL WEATHER due to the massive global climate engineering. The very essentials needed to sustain life on earth are being recklessly destroyed by these programs. This is not a topic that will begin to affect us in several years, but is now already causing massive animal and plant die off around the world, as well as human illness. read more


http://www.rawstory.com/2015/04/we-dont ... c-meeting/

In a contentious back and forth with constituents at a public meeting in Kingman, Arizona, a Republican congressman tried to allay fears over so-called chemtrails only to have his explanations swatted away with one man yelling, “We don’t need science!”

Arizona has become Ground Zero for conspiracy theorists who claim that the government or the “New World Order” is attempting to control the populace and the environment by spraying chemicals into the air from passing airplanes.

Rep. Paul Gosar attended the meeting on Tuesday to listen to constituents express concerns on a variety of topics, but the meeting grew heated when the topic of chemtrails came up.

“My name is Al DiCicco, and my question is related to our environment here in Arizona,” one man said while standing in the hall festooned with mounted animal heads.” For the past several years we’ve been testing people’s blood, hair follicles, rainwater, and soil…” at which point Gosar interrupted him and asked, “What group are you with?”

“I’m not in a group, you know what I mean. I’ve been involved in opposing geo-engineering projects above Arizona as well as elsewhere,” the man explained. “We have a serious situation here, where we have submitted information to the Arizona Department of Environmental Quality whose own mission statement is to protect our environment, including our air, and, you’re talking about granddkids? Yes, I have three kids and I have my own life.”

With his voice rising, the man continued, “My body is filled with barium, aluminum, and strontium, and nobody is doing anything about it. That’s why I’m here today. Because we want answers and we want something done instead of being placated and have people make fun of us about tin-foil hats. Well, go get your blood tested. You’ll throw your tin-foil hat away, as well as your jokes. This is a serious matter.”

Indicating the audience, he said, “We all are aware that geo-engineering and solar radiation management is going on worldwide. My questions is: what are you going to do about it, and when?”

Following applause from the assembled crowd, Gosar asked, “Okay, who are science guys here?”

“We don’t need science,” DiCicco yelled from the back of the room stunning the congressman who replied, “Really?”

Admitting that he too “doesn’t trust our government,” Gosar admonished the crowd about blaming the United Nations, while pointing out that barium and uranium are “ambient” chemical elements already found in high concentrations in the Grand Canyon state.

After a woman interrupts him to say, “We’re talking about what is being dispensed by aircraft,” Gosar replies, “Well, there is nothing there.”

As the woman attempts to explain, “There’s covert operations…” Gosar screws up his face and says, “Yeah, come on.”

While admitting that he has concerns, Gosar tells the crowd, “In some ways I have to start trusting the National Institute for Health,” as the woman continues to shout, saying “we’ve all been studying it” along with “millions of people all around the world.”




I will take a closer look at some of these movements in a subsequent post.



Note that I will be somewhat repetitive with my citations from hereon, in that more so than before I will post excerpts already posted, and yet that this is required to maintain the flow of the narration, as well as that once essentially familiar with a given excerpt you can learn to recognize it almost as if a single word rather than to read it in its entirety. I will be in this post as well as subsequent posts taking a closer look at some of these movements which I have purported as establishments of religion, starting with the Sex Cult.


So, the Sex Cult itself is a rather amorphous collection of individuals with similar beliefs yet with sometimes even notable distinctions between them. There is not per-se a singular Sex Cult, but rather Sex Cultism is much like Christianity with numerous denominations underneath of it. For example, although with much of the same delusional content as the Sex Cult emergent in the 1980s, PizzaGate was fundamentally distinct to my perception from the other Sex Cultist organizations.

https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/pi ... story.html

Note the tunnels, which are a recurrent theme in the most delusional of the ideation of the Sex Cultists:

What was finally real was Edgar Welch, driving from North Carolina to Washington to rescue sexually abused children he believed were hidden in mysterious tunnels beneath a neighborhood pizza joint.

What was real was Welch — a father, former firefighter and sometime movie actor who was drawn to dark mysteries he found on the Internet — terrifying customers and workers with his ­assault-style rifle as he searched Comet Ping Pong, police said. He found no hidden children, no secret chambers, no evidence of a child sex ring run by the failed Democratic candidate for president of the United States, or by her campaign chief, or by the owner of the pizza place.

What was false were the rumors he had read, stories that crisscrossed the globe about a charming little pizza place that features ping-pong tables in its back room.

The story of Pizzagate is about what is fake and what is real. It’s a tale of a scandal that never was, and of a fear that has spread through channels that did not even exist until recently.

Pizzagate — the belief that code words and satanic symbols point to a sordid underground along an ordinary retail strip in the nation’s capital — is possible only because science has produced the most powerful tools ever invented to find and disseminate information.



An oddly disproportionate share of the tweets about Pizzagate appear to have come from, of all places, the Czech Republic, Cyprus and Vietnam, said Jonathan Albright, an assistant professor of media analytics at Elon University in North Carolina. In some cases, the most avid retweeters appeared to be bots, programs designed to amplify certain news and information.

“What bots are doing is really getting this thing trending on Twitter,” Albright said. “These bots are providing the online crowds that are providing legitimacy.”

Online, the more something is retweeted or otherwise shared, the more prominently it appears in social media and on sites that track “trending” news. As the bots joined ordinary Twitter users in pushing out Pizzagate-related rumors, the notion spread like wildfire. Who programmed the bots to focus on that topic remains unknown.



As you can see, much of the delusionality of the PizzaGatists is similar to that of the Sex Cultists of the 1980s, and yet they are by and large distinct from the 1980s Sex Cultists. Regarding the last excerpt, keep in mind the conformity of the neurotypical brain into the crowd, as well as:

https://www.theguardian.com/technology/ ... l-networks

The US military is developing software that will let it secretly manipulate social media sites by using fake online personas to influence internet conversations and spread pro-American propaganda.


It has been speculated that nation state actors were behind the PizzaGate religion, though I don't intend to be side tracked down this tangent. Continuing on with my narrative, it should be noted that individuals with similar personal characteristics to many of the contemporary Sex Cultists:

https://www.vice.com/read/in-arizona-pr ... -save-them

Project ROSE is a Phoenix city program that arrests sex workers in the name of saving them. In five two-day stings, more than 100 police officers targeted alleged sex workers on the street and online. They brought them in handcuffs to the Bethany Bible Church. There, the sex workers were forced to meet with prosecutors, detectives, and representatives of Project ROSE, who offered a diversion program to those who qualified. Those who did not may face months or years in jail.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Satanic_ritual_abuse

As the explanations for SRA were distanced from evangelical Christianity and associated with "survivor" groups, the motivations ascribed to purported Satanists shifted from combating a religious nemesis, to mind control and abuse as an end to itself.[45]


The initial investigations of SRA were performed by anthropologists and sociologists, who failed to find evidence of SRA actually occurring; instead they concluded that SRA was a result of rumors and folk legends that were spread by "media hype, Christian fundamentalism, mental health and law enforcement professionals and child abuse advocates."[93] Sociologists and journalists noted the vigorous nature with which some evangelical activists and groups were using claims of SRA to further their religious and political goals.[136]


https://www.theguardian.com/uk/2009/oct ... xaggerated

There is something familiar about the tide of misinformation which has swept through the subject of sex trafficking in the UK: it flows through exactly the same channels as the now notorious torrent about Saddam Hussein's weapons.
...
In both cases, the cycle has been driven by political opportunists and interest groups in pursuit of an agenda. In the case of sex trafficking, the role of the neo-conservatives and Iraqi exiles has been played by an unlikely union of evangelical Christians with feminist campaigners, who pursued the trafficking tale to secure their greater goal, not of regime change, but of legal change to abolish all prostitution. The sex trafficking story is a model of misinformation. It began to take shape in the mid 1990s, when the collapse of economies in the old Warsaw Pact countries saw the working flats of London flooded with young women from eastern Europe. Soon, there were rumours and media reports that attached a new word to these women. They had been "trafficked".


(recall:

https://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/p ... 82.ch7.pdf

Networks, as opposed to institutions, are shaped by decentralized command and control structures, are resistant to “decapitation” attacks targeting leaders, and are amorphous enough to weld together coalitions with significantly different agendas while concentrating forces on a single symbolic target.

)


were actually in the late 19th century identified inventing tabloid journalism toward the incitement of mass panics:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Maide ... rn_Babylon

"The Maiden Tribute of Modern Babylon" was a series of highly controversial newspaper articles on child prostitution that appeared in The Pall Mall Gazette in July 1885.

Written by crusading editor W. T. Stead, the series was a tour de force of Victorian journalism. With sensational crossheads, such as "The Violation of Virgins" and "Strapping Girls Down", the Maiden Tribute threw respectable Victorians into a state of moral panic, and achieved, as a consequence, the implementation of the Criminal Law Amendment Act of 1885, which raised the age of consent for girls from 13 to 16, and also re-criminalised homosexual acts.



https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Thomas_Stead

Stead's 'new journalism' paved the way for the modern tabloid in Great Britain.[3]


He was born in Embleton, Northumberland, the son of the Reverend William Stead, a poor but respected Congregational minister, and Isabella (née Jobson), a cultivated daughter of a Yorkshire farmer.[5]


http://chnm.gmu.edu/cyh/case-studies/230

At the end of 19th century, moral reformers drew the age of consent into campaigns against prostitution. Revelations of child prostitution were central to those campaigns, a situation that resulted, reformers argued, from men taking advantage of the innocence of girls just over the age of consent. W. T. Stead's series of articles entitled, "The Maiden Tribute of Modern Babylon," published in the Pall Mall Gazette in 1885, was the most sensational and influential of these exposés.

The outcry it provoked pushed British legislators to raise the age of consent to 16 years, and stirred reformers in the U.S, such as the Women's Christian Temperance Union, the British Empire, and Europe to push for similar legislation. By 1920, Anglo-American legislators had responded by increasing the age of consent to 16 years, and even as high as 18 years.



https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Woman%27s ... ance_Union

The Woman's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) is an active temperance organization that was among the first organizations of women devoted to social reform with a program that "linked the religious and the secular through concerted and far-reaching reform strategies based on applied Christianity."[1] It was influential in the temperance movement, and supported the 18th Amendment.




https://content.ucpress.edu/chapters/11128.ch01.pdf

media panic

Social theorists from Georg Simmel to Jean Baudrillard have suggested that panic is implicit in the structure of mass society. Writing at the turn of the last century, Simmel begins with the basic features of contempo-rary life: modern metropolitan subjects live among strangers and are constantly bombarded by stimulation. Of necessity, they adopt an in- different, jaded sensibility, a “blasé attitude.” These cool, aloof people in turn crave excitement, intense sensation, and are thus primed for what Todd Gitlin would later call “the media torrent.” The mass media— newspapers, movies, and dime novels of Simmel’s period—provided the requisite sources of sensation. Now, as then, news that shocks, scandalizes, or evokes fear and dread brings temporary relief from the tedium of modern life. However, these stories also quickly lose their power to excite, reinforcing the blasé attitude and stoking the need for ever more extreme forms of stimulation. In the culture of modernity, then, periods of panic will alternate with periods of social rest, and journalism, especially yellow journalism, plays a key part in setting the rhythm. 12


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yellow_journalism

Yellow journalism

Yellow journalism, or the yellow press, is a type of journalism that presents little or no legitimate well-researched news and instead uses eye-catching headlines to sell more newspapers. Techniques may include exaggerations of news events, scandal-mongering or sensationalism.




A tradition which outfits such as Daily Mail are carrying on to this day:


https://www.theguardian.com/technology/ ... or-website

Wikipedia bans Daily Mail as 'unreliable' source

Online encyclopaedia editors rule out publisher as a reference citing ‘reputation for poor fact checking and sensationalism’



For example with this article with the headline:

https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/articl ... E-day.html

Authorities find 123 missing children in just ONE day during a Michigan sex trafficking operation


But a closer inspection of the article demonstrating their standard trickery:

The one-day initiative, which took place on September 26, recovered 123 of the 301 children that had been reported missing in the area following weeks of investigations.

All of those children were physically located and interviewed about potentially being sexually victimized or used in a sex trafficking ring during the time they were missing.

Authorities discovered three cases that were related to sex trafficking and one homeless teen who had not eaten anything in three days.


As is common for all such things. An introduction to NCMEC, which we will be looking closer at subsequently.

http://www.freerangekids.com/group-that ... er-danger/

On Good Morning America last week, a spokesman for the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children — the people who put the missing kids’ pictures on the milk cartons without bothering to explain that the vast majority were runaways or taken in custody disputes, not nabbed by predators — told parents NOT to teach their kids stranger danger.

And actually, NCMEC told me that, too, when I interviewed them for my book — I quote them. But it always felt like they were talking out of both sides of their mouth, because when they were interviewed by OTHER sources, they kept warning about all the danger out there.

Dr. Marty Klein, whose Sex, Culture and Intelligence blog’s motto is “Changing the Way People, Politics & the Media Look at Sex,” did the heavy lifting on why this late-date “Don’t demonize strangers” statement seems both welcome AND hypocritical:

Yesterday, Callahan Walsh of NCMEC—The National Center for Missing and Exploited Children—appeared on Good Morning America to urge parents to stop using the phrase “stranger danger”—the phrase that NCMEC itself popularized for decades. They rightly noted—finally—that most child sexual exploitation is from someone known to the child, not a stranger.

For decades, NCMEC has told parents to fear “stranger danger,” and instructed them to transmit this fear to their kids. They even got the phrase institutionalized in elementary schools.

NCMEC has been one of the single biggest drivers of parents’ fear in our lifetime. By conflating “missing” and “exploited,” they have panicked Americans into thinking the average child is “at risk” of being kidnapped. By talking about “children” they conflate the experiences of five-year-olds and 17-year-olds. According to their own website, over 90% of “missing” teens are not “missing,” they have run away. Some are no doubt living on the street and risking their health and lives, but they have not been kidnapped. In fact, over 3/4 of runaways are running away from institutions like foster homes and other social services.

And in a note that should calm some of the folks afraid that their children will be snatched by sex traffickers at Ikea or the grocery store, Klein parsed the gulf between our fears of trafficking and the still sad, but less ubiquitous reality:

NCMEC is driving the issue of sex trafficking as hard as it can. By expanding the definition of “sex trafficking” to include every sex worker, porn actress, and minor person having sex with an adult, they have successfully convinced Americans that huge numbers of Americans are sex trafficked. It’s a lie.

This is a point Elizabeth Nolan Brown makes repeatedly — see this investigative piece of hers in Reason (a magazine I also write for). While we’re at it, read this piece of hers from last week: “Enough Stranger Danger! Children Rarely Abducted by Those They Don’t Know.”

As Dr. Klein explains, NCMEC was born in real, undeniable grief. But along with its mission to save kids from a terrible and terribly rare fate, it exaggerated the likelihood of abduction. (For a great book on this, read Joel Best’s “Threatened Children: Rhetoric and Concern About Child Victims):

Created by a few agonized people who had been devastated by violence against their children, NCMEC’s initial shocking message was (and still is), “You could be us,” creating an atmosphere of fear, rage, and moral panic completely disproportionate to the actual danger. Yesterday on TV, they encouraged parents to ignore what they used to say, and to use different, more sophisticated words. But their fundamental message—that parents should be scared, that predators lurk everywhere—remains the same.

In revoking their position on “stranger danger,” NCMEC still doesn’t tell the key truth—that the rate of kids being molested is NOT increasing (so says the FBI).

And while even a single missing child is too many, it isn’t even a fraction as many as NCMEC invites you to believe.

How many kids are kidnapped each year—150,000? 50,000? The fine print on NCMEC’s own website says the number is less than 1,400—of which over 1,000 are abductions by the child’s own family member. There are about 200 stranger kidnappings in the U.S. every year. Your kid is more likely to get killed by lightning.

And yet by manipulating and reinforcing our deepest fears, NCMEC has entrenched itself as a political player getting significant government funding.

So good riddance to the fear of “stranger danger.” But don’t hold your breath waiting for NCMEC to apologize. Perhaps they could atone by encouraging parents to pay attention to the biggest danger that kids actually face—texting while riding their bikes.


I so agree that the safety messages that should take priority are: Look both ways before crossing the street. Put down that device while moving. Wear your seatbelt.

And I have even better news than Klein. The latest number we have for stranger kidnappings is 105/year, not 200. Still too many. Still not the 50,000/year NCMEC used to claim in Congressional hearings. (And for a good piece on how the number 50,000 is the “Goldilocks number” — big enough to scare people, but not SO big that it gets dismissed as implausible — here’s a story from NPR.)

Okay. Enough with the links. Next week I will try to post about the other problem with the Good Morning America “parent calming” piece. (Hint: It won’t calm anyone.) – L


However, although arguably more directly related than PizzaGate, and perhaps an early emergence of the same general religious establishment, the Sex Cultists most prominent in the late 19th century cannot to my knowledge directly by lineage be connected to the modern day Sex Cultists of the United Nations. So, going back to the late 1970s and through the 1980s, we start to get our first glimpse into the modern day superordinate Sex Cult denomination:

http://www.ipt-forensics.com/journal/volume7/j7_3_5.htm

Since the early 1980s, with the breakdown of the Communist empire, sex abusers have become the most common persecutors for paranoids.


Itself strongly associated with a pseudoscientific industry of pseudo-psychiatry called recovered memory therapy, which was used as well as numerous other pseudoscientific pseudo-psychiatric interrogation techniques in the interviewing of children regarding Satanic Ritual Sex Abuse:

https://sciencebasedmedicine.org/false- ... -and-well/

It is disheartening that we have to return to pseudosciences that have been debunked decades ago, because they continue to linger despite being eviscerated by scientific scrutiny. Belief systems and myths have incredible cultural inertia, and they are difficult to eradicate completely. That is why belief in astrology, while in the minority, persists.

Professions, however, should be different. A healing profession should be held to a certain minimum standard of care, and that standard should be based upon something real, which means that scientific evidence needs to be brought to bear. Professionals are not excused for persisting in false beliefs that have long been discredited.

The 1980s saw the peak of an idea that was never based on science, the notion that people can suppress memories of traumatic events, and those repressed memories can manifest as seemingly unconnected mental health issues, such as anxiety or eating disorders. The idea was popularized mostly by the book The Courage to Heal (the 20th anniversary edition was published in 2008), in which the authors took the position that clients, especially women, who have any problem should be encouraged to recover memories of abuse, and if such memories can be dredged up, they are real.

....


Recovered memory syndrome was a massive failure on the part of the mental health profession. The ideas, which were extraordinary, were never empirically demonstrated. Further, basic questions were insufficiently asked – is there any empirical evidence to support the amazing events emerging from therapy, for example? Is it possible that the recovered memories are an artifact of therapy and are not real?


....


While there is some legitimate controversy over whether or not it is even possible to repress such memories and accurately recall them later, there is no question that the massive repressed memory industry of the 1980s and 90s was not evidence-based and was essentially an industry of creating false memory syndrome. The fact that a controversial idea was put into practice so widely, despite the risks to patients and their families, indicates, in my opinion, a systemic lack of self-regulation within the mental health profession.

More disappointing is the fact that recovered memory therapy is still ongoing today, which is completely unacceptable. Even if you wish to adhere to the minority opinion among memory experts that repressed memory is possible, the evidence does not justify putting it into practice. The potential for harm is more than sufficient to suspend the practice pending further evidence (if you wish to be a holdout).




....

A recent article demonstrates that recovered memory therapy still has the potential to completely destroy innocent lives. The article details the case of a father accused of long-term sexual abuse by his daughter who “recovered” the memories while being treated for depression and an eating disorder. He was eventually cleared, but only after his life was shattered. Child Protective Services actually took the “recovered memory” claims seriously, which is yet another failure.


digitalcommons.utep.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1014&context=james_wood

In the 1980s and early 1990s the United States witnessed an outbreak of bizarre ‘‘daycare abuse’’ cases in which groups of young children levelled allegations of sexual and Satanic abuse against their teachers. In the present study, quantitative analyses were performed on a total of 54 interview transcripts from two highly publicised daycare cases (McMartin Preschool and Kelly Michaels) and a comparison group of child sexual abuse cases from a Child Protection Service (CPS). Confirming the impression of prior commentators, systematic analyses showed that interviews from the two daycare cases were highly suggestive. Compared with the CPS interviews, the McMartin and/or Michaels interviewers were significantly more likely to (a) introduce new suggestive information into the interview, (b) provide praise, promises, and positive reinforcement, (c) express disapproval, disbelief, or disagreement with children, (d) exert conformity pressure, and (e) invite children to pretend or speculate about supposed events



https://theconversation.com/the-legacy- ... oday-43755

The legacy of implanted Satanic abuse ‘memories’ is still causing damage today

When 21-year-old nurse Carol Felstead went to her doctor complaining of repeated headaches, she wasn’t just prescribed painkillers. Instead, she was referred for psychotherapy that would ultimately involve hypnosis to “recover” so-called repressed memories of childhood sexual abuse. Carol subsequently came to believe that her parents were the leaders of a Satanic cult and that her mother murdered another of her children, sat Carol on top of the body and then set fire to the family home.

But these allegations were untrue and the memories they were based upon were incorrect. Today, almost 30 years on, “recovered memory therapy” has been discredited by the scientific and academic community and is known to implant false memories, apparent memories for events that never actually happened.

Experimental psychologists have repeatedly demonstrated the ease with which false memories can be implanted in a sizeable proportion of the population under well-controlled laboratory conditions. But it is also undoubtedly the case that such false memories can arise spontaneously as well as in the context of psychotherapy.

Although we are typically not consciously aware of it, we often have to judge whether an apparent memory is real. Is it based upon mental events that were purely internally generated (for example, by imagination or a dream) or based upon events which really took place in the external world?
Implanting false memories

One of the techniques that has been shown to result in false memories is asking people to imagine events that never actually took place. It appears that, eventually and especially in people with good imaginations, the memory of the imagined event is misinterpreted as a memory for a real event. The use of hypnotic regression is a particularly powerful means to implant false memories.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/False_memory_syndrome

Malpractice cases

During the late 1990s, there were multiple lawsuits in the United States in which psychiatrists and psychologists were successfully sued, or settled out of court, on the charge of propagating iatrogenic memories of childhood sexual abuse, incest, and satanic ritual abuse.[35]

Some of these suits were brought by individuals who later declare that their recovered memories of incest or satanic ritual abuse had been false. The False Memory Syndrome Foundation uses the term retractors to describe these individuals, and have shared their stories publicly.[36] There is debate regarding the total number of retractions as compared to the total number of allegations,[37] and the reasons for retractions.[38]





On to the matter itself:


https://psmag.com/satan-has-no-interest ... adc0fc26d8

Victorian-style devil outrage reached a fever pitch in the family-values 1980s. In his 2015 book We Believe the Children: A Moral Panic in the 1980s, author Richard Beck tells the story of a series of allegations of ritualized Satanic child abuse in daycare centers around the country. Through painstaking elicitation, police, prosecutors, and investigators managed to get children to testify to all sorts of unthinkable violations. Not just sexual assault: There were allegations of gamified animal torture and vast networks of child porn production and distribution. And, of course, the devil.

I asked Beck if in all his exhaustive research he had been able to track down a single instance of verified Satanic ritual child abuse. “No,” says. “My editor and I joked that the book would sell better if I could find an actual case, but as far as I could find it never happened.” Since they didn’t occur in reality, the infernal elements had to be products of adult interpretation and suggestion. Yet whole municipalities managed to convince themselves that there were hidden networks of devil worship and child abuse in their own backyards. How did they accomplish such a feat?


https://www.snopes.com/news/2017/06/23/satanic-panic/

At trial, Dr. Noblitt testified about the existence of cults using ritual abuse and of organized satanic networks engaged in wide-ranging criminal enterprises including child abuse. The picture painted by Dr. Noblitt in his testimony at trial is one where criminal cults are common across the United States, and that these alleged cults typically engage in torture and murder of both adults and children. Furthermore, Dr. Noblitt opined that these cults are experts in a form of mind control or brainwashing in which victims are so heavily traumatized that they develop total and complete amnesia until the victim enters therapy and recovers the memory. His descriptions of these cults involved rape, murder, torture, grave robbing, and ceremonial animal and human sacrifice. Furthermore, he alleged that these activities took place at churches, involved police officers and other professional individuals. Lurid media coverage of this issue at the time additionally invoked the specter of widespread cannibalism. In order to explain the lack of physical evidence for these outrageous crimes, Dr. Noblitt explained to the jury that these cults will frequently lead their victims to believe in something preposterous, so that if they ever told of their tortures the stories would involve elements that would be so far-fetched that the victims would necessarily be disbelieved. This, according to Dr. Noblitt, was done intentionally by the cults as part of the mind control programming in order to discredit their victims.

In an interview shortly after the trial in a local newspaper, Dr. Noblitt was described as having been the prosecution expert witness in many ritual abuse cases, including the Keller case (Dickinson, 1993). He stated in that interview that Dan Keller, while in court, used a mysterious hand signal to mind-control people within the courtroom. Further, he asserted that cults use severe torture on victims and that all memory of the torture is repressed. In a direct quote from this news article, Dr. Noblitt stated: “I believe they use a technique of mind control unknown in legitimate psychology. It’s akin to hypnosis, created through abuse…the state of shock is so severe that it sends the victim into a deep trance state. Then cult members use different signals or triggers…” to control the victims.


http://www.news.com.au/lifestyle/parent ... eb87dc579b

In 1983, Judy Johnson, of California, accused a teacher at her son’s preschool of raping him, said faculty members had sex with animals and even claimed the teacher could fly.

Johnson was hospitalised with paranoid schizophrenia
and died before the end of the preliminary hearing from problems related to alcoholism. But LA’s Children’s Institute International then interviewed several hundred children about the alleged incident.

The students were coerced through suggestive interview techniques into making bizarre claims including the existence of secret tunnels under the school in which the alleged abuse took place; orgies supposedly conducted in car washes and airports; disturbing games in which children were allegedly photographed nude; mutilation of corpses; blood drinking; baby sacrifice and a flying teacher.

Pazder was consulted by the prosecution as an expert on Satanic ritual abuse and corroborated the claims. All parties in the McMartin preschool trial were acquitted of all charges in 1990.


Note this name, Dr. Densen-Gerber, as she is included in subsequent citations.

https://www.nytimes.com/2003/05/14/nyre ... ogram.html

A 1979 profile in New York magazine quoted Mayor Edward I. Koch as saying that she was ''one of those seminal forces, original, a go-getter.'' He said there were ''few people who can claim as many accomplishments.''

Dr. Densen-Gerber's success at getting government help became her downfall when the state investigated her use of public funds in the early 1980's and found irregularities. She resigned as executive director of Odyssey House in 1983, but remained active in affiliated programs.

Her influence extended to areas like child pornography. In 1977, her testimony that there were 264 monthly publications devoted to the subject helped persuade the House of Representatives to unanimously pass a bill to regulate it.

IPT, the publication of the Institute for Psychological Therapy, reported in 1992 that later government investigations proved her estimates to be exaggerated by ''several orders of magnitude.''

Dr. Densen-Gerber also commented on many other hot issues from a psychiatric point of view.

In 1991, she went to Omaha to testify in court that her interview with a man convinced her he had witnessed four satanic ritual killings. She characterized herself as an expert at deprogramming survivors of satanic cults.



So,

ipt-forensics.com/journal/volume4/j4_2_1.htm

The Origin of the Myths

In 1976 Robin Lloyd, correspondent for NBC, published For Money or Love: Boy Prostitution in America (Out of Print)(Out of Print).18 In the book, for which a U.S. senator had written an introduction, Lloyd claimed that a huge network of prostitution involving 300,000 boys existed. The notion that child pornography trade is big business was initiated in this book. Yet, nowhere in the book is there any empirical basis for the number 300,000. Indeed, Lloyd admitted that it was a working hypothesis which he had suggested to a number of experts to test their reactions.19 This didn't prevent Judianne Densen-Gerber, director of Odyssey House, a chain of residential treatment clinics for drug addicts, from taking over the figure as if it represented a reliable statistic. She set about to mobilize public opinion against child pornography to which, she said, Lloyd had alerted her.

The media followed the stories of child exploitation in detail. In the national periodicals during 1977 nine articles appeared.20 The New York Times, a paper known to avoid sensationalism, printed 27 articles that year compared to one in the two years before. When in May, 1977 the highly popular television series Sixty Minutes devoted a program to child pornography, a tidal wave of letters to politicians resulted.21 That spring a subcommittee of the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives held a series of hearings on the subject which lasted until autumn, keeping child pornography in the news in the U.S.A. A platform was established by crusaders against child pornography, and in the prevailing climate of moral panic their cries for stronger measures received wide political support.

The chairman of the committee was Representative John Conyers Jr., who had organized the hearings to pass judgment on the proposal of Representatives Kildee and Murphy for a first Federal law against child pornography. It was this series of hearings that would make the question of child pornography a national issue. The first hearing was dominated by the appearance of Judianne Densen-Gerber. Equipped. with some child pornography magazines, she shocked congressional representatives with her claim that she had, together with Robin Lloyd, counted 264 comparable publications that, according to her, appeared monthly (an exaggeration by a factor of several orders of magnitude as we shall see). The figures which Robin Lloyd had mentioned as a working hypothesis were repeated by Densen-Gerber as fact:

Lloyd's book documented the involvement of 300,000 boys, aged 8 to 16, in activities revolving around sex for sale.22

She then multiplied the number by two, because her intuition told her that 300,000 girls were also involved in such activities. She then multiplied it again by two since, according to Lloyd, the real figure was "twice what he (could) statistically validate,"23 and this lead to something like a million children. The chairman Conyers multiplied this again by two since, he reasoned, America had not only one million runaways but another one million school drop outs. In this way the contours of a national disaster were drawn. According to Conyers:

"So we have somewhere possibly in the neighbourhood of 2 million kids who form a ready market for sexual exploitation from pornographers and the like."24

Densen-Gerber could not agree more. The Kildee-Murphy proposal was made law without any opposition: 401 for, 0 against.


The Spread of Rumors

In 1986 the Senate Commission33 under the chairmanship of William V. Roth, Republican from Delaware, came to the same conclusion as the ILIC report. Nevertheless, neither the Roth report nor the ILIC report were able to dampen the spread of rumors about an enormous trade. Even in 1986, the claims of Lloyd and Densen-Gerber continued to come up as facts in official reports: the Meese Commission, initiated by the Reagan administration to prepare a drastic sharpening of the anti-pornography laws, uncritically took over these claims.34 According to the Meese Commission, Congress had discovered that child pornography and child prostitution "have become highly organized, multi-million dollar industries that operate on a nationwide scale."35 The monthly appearance of 264 magazines (Densen-Gerber) was again reported as truth, alongside the 30,000 exploited children of Los Angeles (Lloyd Martin).

The U.S. Supreme Court took over these claims in their first child pornography case, New York v Ferber (1982), saying that child pornography comprised, "highly organized multimillion dollar industries that operate on a nationwide scale."36 The otherwise dignified court was so upset by the alleged extent of the problem that the solicitor for the accused, Herald Price Fahringer, lost his composure and fled the sitting as fast as he could.37

The claims of Lloyd and Densen-Gerber also appeared outside the U.S.A. The report, Exploitation of Child Labour, which was submitted in 1981 to the Commission for Human Rights of the United Nations, claimed: "In the United States there are at least 264 pornographic magazines specializing in pornography concerning children."38 It was claimed that in 1977, 15,000 slides and 4,000 films of child pornography had been intercepted by the police, which was, according to the report, 5% of the total stock in circulation.

According to the United Nations report, the value of trade in child pornography in 1977 was estimated at $500 million. Such estimates are not based on any kind of empirical evidence, and are easy to refute. If these claims were true then the allegedly intercepted slides and films would have had a value of thousands of dollars each.39 In reality, these films were sold for much less, which can be checked with reference to the advertisement brochures of Deltaboek, publisher of homosexual pornography and literature. From here it is apparent that the Golden Boys film series, produced by COQ in Denmark, cost 85 guilders each, which is about $35.

In 1986, Defence for Children International prepared a report on child prostitution in which they claimed: "Estimates on the number of child prostitutes vary from 300,000 to several millions for the U.S. and Canada."40 A year later these figures were taken over by the Norwegian Ministry of Justice.41 This report was later submitted to the Ministers of Justice of the member countries of the Council of Europe. Within the Council of Europe a report on child exploitation was written in which it was claimed that: "A study of boy prostitutes had suggested that there were 300,000 boy prostitutes in the United States, many of whom are designated runaways."42 The claims of the United Nations report were also repeated. As late as 1988 the Dutch language world development magazine, Onze Wereld (Our World), claimed that: "The American (sic) periodical43 Child Abuse and Neglect reported that in the United States at least 264 different child pornography magazines are in circulation. The kiddieporn stars are drawn from the numerous American runaway teenagers."44 The same article made similar exaggerated claims about alleged illicit trade in donor organs obtained from children killed for the purpose. The story about donor organs had also appeared in the report of the Council of Europe, although there was never any evidence and the story was not credible from the beginning.45

The alleged size of the child pornography trade and the many children said to have been involved, are little more than myths. They are the result of the arbitrary multiplication of arbitrary numbers of alleged victims made by a journalist. The claims had taken on a life of their own. The fact that these claims had by 1980 been rejected by thorough official investigations was insufficient to prevent the claim from reappearing, not only in the media but also in other official circles, including the United States Senate, the United States Supreme Court, a Commission of the American Justice Department, the United Nations and the Council of Europe. After the number had been cited in the Hearings of the House of Representatives, it became associated with an ostensibly reliable source. The fact that the original source was anything but reliable was forgotten.


We have a clear social link between the Sex Cultists emergent in the late 1970s to the modern day superordinate Sex Cultist denomination, whereas regarding PizzaGatist Sex Cultists we have not such a social link established but rather only similarity of delusional content, and regarding the Sex Cultists most prominent in the late 19th century we have personal characteristics similar between them in the form of evangelical Christianity association and feminist association and the use of tabloids, yet not per-se a social link established between them, even as certainly tangential doctrinal convergence between them as the modern day superordinate Sex Cultist denomination supports typically still the age of consent established by the late 19th century Sex Cultists.



This has thus far been predominately historical however, or otherwise involving less prominent denominations of Sex Cultism. Moving forward to the more modern Sex Cult, and starting with citations to an unfortunately defunct repository of information regarding the matter, which nevertheless I can attest to having authenticated the three billion dollar claim history of and with additional supporting evidence regarding the incorrectness of the twenty billion dollar claim:

http://libertus.net/censor/resources/st ... html#s3bfg

"child pornography is one of the fastest growing online businesses generating approximately $US3 billion ($3.43 billion) each year"

This '$US3 billion' figure has no credibility and even if it was factual as at January 2008, (when it appeared in an opinion article by Bernadette McMenamin, CEO of Child Wise/ ECPAT in Australia, with citing a source), then it could be regarded as 'good news' because it would mean (based on previously promulgated 'statistics') that there had been no increase at all in the five years to 2008, therefore 'child pornography' could not be "one of the fastest growing online businesses".

The '$US3 billion' figure has been promulgated far and wide since at least mid 2003, when Utah-based Jerry Ropelato commenced publishing it, without citing a source, on his web site InternetFilterReview.com, which has since become part of his TopTenReviews.com. According to Texas-based Red Orbit News (5 Nov 2006) Ropelato was "formerly chief operating officer of ContentWatch, a Salt Lake City-based developer of Internet filtering and virus protection software. He is also known locally as a speaker and presenter on Internet safety issues, and as a crusader against online pornography."[44]

The "fastest growing online businesses" claim originated with the U.S. NCMEC, in August 2005, which based its claim on the then two-year old US$3 billion 'statistic' promulgated by Ropelato. (The U.S. NCMEC has a long history of promulgating exaggerated/false statistics[45].)


The origins and history of '$US3 billion' and 'fastest growing' claims is outlined below.

June 2003 - March 2007: Since at least 21 June 2003[46], Ropelato had been claiming on his web site that "Child pornography generates $3 billion annually" (i.e. not necessarily via the Internet) without stating a source for that particular figure, or any of the many other 'pornography statistics' he promotes. Ropelato issued a press release making that and other uncredited statistical claims on 6 February 2004[47]. The claim remained on his 'Pornography Statistics' page until at least 6 March 2007[48], but had been deleted from the page by 15 March 2007[49] (according to the Internet Archive's WayBackMachine). His press release of 12 March 2007[50] which claimed to 'update' his previous 2003 uncredited 'statistics' about the 'worldwide pornography industry' did not mention child pornography. At least two journalists have attempted, without success, to ascertain sources of 'statistics' from Ropelato (see below).
29 November 2004: Australian Federal Police ("AFP") Commissioner Mick Keelty stated in a speech:[51]

Canadian estimates place the number of child pornography websites operating globally at over 100,000, generating around US$3 billion per annum

April 2005: The Wall Street Journal's "Numbers Guy", Carl Bialik, investigated the origin of an estimate attributed to 'Canadian Police'[52] and subsequently reported that he was directed by the officer-in-charge of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police's National Child Exploitation Coordination Center to a 2002 magazine article and also:

to a Web site called Internet Filter Review... . My phone call to a number listed on the sites registration wasn't returned, and an e-mail to the sites contact address got bounced back to me.

18 August 2005: The U.S. National Center for Missing & Exploited Children ("NCMEC") issued a headline grabbing press release titled "Child Porn Among Fastest Growing Internet Businesses"[53] claiming:

Within only a few years, child pornography has become a multi-billion dollar commercial enterprise, and is among the fastest growing businesses on the Internet.1
...
1. Source: Top Ten Reviews 'Internet Filter Review' an online resource that reviews Internet Safety. (Reported that CP generates $3 billion annually)

The NCMEC's media release provided no source or grounds for their 'fastest growing' business claim other than the footnote mention of Ropelato's then two-year old uncredited US$3 billion 'statistic' (which did not mention the Internet). Hence, there was no basis for the claim (in 2005, nor its repetition in 2008) that the so-called "commercial enterprise" is growing at all, let alone is "among the fastest growing".
September 2007: A research report published by the Australian Institute of Criminology ("AIC"), a Commonwealth statutory authority, stated[54]:

Affordable technology has greatly facilitated the production and distribution of child pornography - a multi-billion dollar industry globally. [Introduction, page xx]
...
TopTenREVIEWS has estimated that child pornography generates approximately US$3 billion annually worldwide (Ropelato 2007). [page 62]
...
Ropelato J 2007. Internet pornography statistics. Internet Filter Review.

Ropelato is the only source cited in the above AIC report for its "multi-billion dollar industry" claim.
8 January 2008: An opinion article by Bernadette McMenamin, CEO of Child Wise/ECPAT in Australia, published in The Australian national newspaper, stated[55]:

Child pornography is one of the fastest growing online businesses generating approximately $US3 billion ($3.43 billion) each year.

In addition to The Wall Street Journal's "Numbers Guy", Carl Bialik (as referenced earlier herein), at least one other journalist has tried, also without success, to find out the original source of particular 'statistics' Ropelato promotes, after tracing other peoples'/organisations' claims to Ropelato. In November 2005, Seth Lubove reported:

...Sen. [Blanche] Lincoln lifted the factoid from a report issued in July by Third Way, a new Washington think tank that helps Democrats grab on to red-state issues. ...
...
Where did Third Way get that notion? From a May 12 story in the New York Times-owned Boston Globe headlined "The Secret Life of Boys," which cites an outfit called Family Safe Media. The small firm in Provo, Utah, is in the business of scaring parents into buying software to protect their kids from Internet smut. Jared Martin, who owns Family Safe Media, says he got his porn statistics from Internet Filter Review, a Web site that recommends content-blocking software. It is run by tech entrepreneur Jerry Ropelato of Huntsville, Utah, who pens antiporn screeds, such as "Tricks Pornographers Play," and publishes curious and uncredited stats (for example, "17% of all women struggle with pornography addiction").

"Most of the statistics there have come from literally hundreds of sources, all reputable," Ropelato insists. He says he got the age-11 item from The Drug of the New Millennium, a book about the dangers of porn self-published in 2000 by Mark Kastleman, a self-professed former porn addict in Orem, Utah, who counsels other porn fiends. "I don't remember where I got that from," Kastleman says breezily. "That is a very common statistic." And there the trail goes cold.


"child pornography is a $20 billion industry worldwide"

This out-of-date/discredited $20 billion 'statistic' was given new life in March 2008 when it appeared in Australian media reports as a result of a joint media release between the Australian Federal Police and Microsoft. The statistic was disowned in April 2006 by the organisations to which it had been, and still is being, attributed (i.e. the FBI and Unicef).


The history of this number is outlined below.

23 December 2004: A Council of Europe report titled "Organised crime situation report 2004, Provisional"[57] stated:

Experts assume that the number of Web sites containing child pornography has grown enormously in recent years. According to estimations by UNICEF, this market has a business volume of about $20 billion annually

September 2005: ECPAT International (based in Thailand) issued a report, Violence against Children in Cyberspace[58], which claimed:

The production and distribution of abuse images of children is big business, estimated to be worth billions of dollars a year. Estimates of annual business volume range widely from $US3 billion to $US20 billion (the latter, according to the US Federal Bureau of Investigation).

(The ECPAT report provides no source for the $US3 billion figure - presumably Ropelato, as detailed earlier herein.)

5 April 2006: Texas Republican Joe Barton, (as Chairman, U.S. House of Representatives' Committee on Energy and Commerce), issued a press release[59] which claimed:

Child pornography is apparently a multibillion...my staff analysis says $20 billion-a-year business. Twenty billion dollars.

5 April 2006: A New York Times article[60]attributed the entire claimed amount to the Internet:

the sexual exploitation of children on the Internet is a $20 billion industry.

April 2006: The FBI and Unicef disowned the US$20 billion number.
7 March 2008: A joint media release between the Australian Federal Police and Microsoft[61] and articles in The Australian IT[62] and ComputerWorld (AU)[63] claimed:

The FBI estimates that the production and distribution of child abuse images is valued at US$20 billion ($21.6 billion) annually.

5 June 2008: During an interview by Radio 2GB's Phillip Clarke about Operation Centurion, James McCormack (head of the AFP's High Tech Crime Operations)[64] claimed:

The FBI did a study a couple of years ago and they estimated the commercial child pornography industry was probably valued at anywhere between about three to twenty billion dollars of commercial activity per year, so it's a pretty signficant industry.

As a result of the April 2006 publicity, two U.S. journalists investigated the source of the $20 billion figure and reported their findings in:

"Measuring the Child-Porn Trade", Carl Bialik, The Numbers Guy, The Wall Street Journal Online, 18 April 2006[65]
"How big is the online kiddie porn industry?", Daniel Radosh, radosh.net, freelance journalist, 5 April 2006[66]

In short, the trail to the origin of the claimed $20 billion 'statistic' went from Joe Barton's press release/staff analysis, to the U.S. National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC), to 'McKinsey Worldwide', to the ECPAT International 2005 publication (mentioned above) which claimed "...$US20 billion (the latter, according to the US Federal Bureau of Investigation)"[67].

WSJ Numbers Guy, Carl Bialik, reported his findings from following the above trail in April 2006:

...Mr. [Ernie] Allen [CEO, NCMEC] faxed me an NCMEC paper that cites the McKinsey study in placing the child-porn industry at $6 billion in 1999, and $20 billion in 2004.

But a McKinsey spokesman painted a different picture for me: "The number was not calculated or generated by McKinsey," he wrote in an email. Instead, for a pro bono analysis for Standard Chartered, he said, McKinsey used a number that appeared in a report last year by End Child Prostitution, Child Pornography and Trafficking of Children for Sexual Purposes, an international advocacy group. [i.e. ECPAT, which attributed the number to the FBI]

FBI spokesman Paul Bresson told me in an email, "The FBI has not stated the $20 billion figure... . I have asked many people who would know for sure if we have attached the $20 billion number to this problem. I have scoured our Web site, too. Nothing!"

I went back to the NCMEC Monday and shared what I found. In an email response, spokeswoman Joann Donnellan said, "If it is determined that this ends up not being a reliable statistic, NCMEC will stop citing McKinsey as the source and will also stop citing a specific number. Rather, NCMEC will revert to what it has said previously... that commercial child pornography is a multi-billion dollar industry."

This isn't the first number from the NCMEC that struck me as questionable... As I wrote last year...

Source: "Measuring the Child-Porn Trade", Carl Bialik, The Wall Street Journal Online, 18 April 2006[68]

Fifteen months later, Ernie Allen of the NCMEC was still citing McKinsey as source. On 24 July 2007 he told the U.S. Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation that: "A recent report by McKinsey Worldwide estimated that today commercial child pornography is a multi-billion-dollar industry worldwide, fueled by the Internet."[69].

The $20 billion figure was also found by Carl Bialik in a Council of Europe 2004 report which attributed the number to Unicef. Bialik subsequently reported on 27 Apr 2006:

...But Allison Hickling, a spokeswoman for the United Nations child agency, told me in an email, "The number is not attributable to Unicef -- we do not collect data on this issue."

I told Alexander Seger, who worked on the Council of Europe reports, that the Federal Bureau of Investigation and Unicef, both cited in Council reports, said they weren't the source for the $20 billion figure. He said the Council won't use the number in the future, and added in an email, "I think we have what I would call a case of information laundering: You state a figure on something, somebody else [says] it, and then you and others [saying] it back, and thus it becomes clean and true. ... Perhaps this discussion will help instill more rigor in the future."

Source: Carl Bialik, The Numbers Guy, The Wall Street Journal Online, 27 Apr 2006[70]

In summary, the US$20 billion figure has been invented by some unknown person/organisation and since then been commonly attributed to the FBI or Unicef, both of which said in April 2006 that the 'statistic' did not originate with them.

The writer considers the fixation among advocacy groups and the media with attaching a dollar number to the problem is curious given commercial/monetary 'estimates' (or even factual statistics if it were possible to obtain same) are of minimal relevance to understanding or determining the extent of the problem. This is because a significant amount, possibly most, of the trade in child sexual abuse images takes place at no cost via Usenet newsgroups, IRC (Internet Relay Chat), Instant Messaging, P2P technologies, email, etc. The images themselves, not money, are the trading currency. Extensive information about the nature of the non-commercial trade is available in the book: Beyond tolerance : child pornography on the Internet by Philip Jenkins. New York University Press, 2001. ISBN: 0814742629.

Non-commercial criminal activity was referred to during an AFP media briefing about 'Operation Centurion' (June 2008) which concerned a legitimate web site that had been broken into for the purpose of uploading illegal images to it:

Journalist: The people who put these images up on a site, are they getting paid, [...inaudible...], where's the economic benefit?

AFP Andrew Colvin: We're not talking about a crime that's driven by a financial motive, there's other motivations here. So, while there may be some sites that attract a financial return, that's not the motivation here. So the answer to your question is no really, that's not what's motivating people, people aren't necessarily making a lot of money.


Secondary evidence regarding the falsity of the 20 billion dollar claim:

http://www.eastvalleytribune.com/local/ ... 03286.html

Some law-enforcement officials contend that disrupting the companies making a profit off child pornography may only be the tip of the iceberg. Matt Dunn, of the Cyber Crimes Center at the Immigration and Customs Enforcement bureau, said that non-commercial child pornography -- images shared without money changing hands -- is more of a concern than the for-profit industry.

Swapping child porn over file-sharing networks is ongoing -- and it's usually non-commercial, Dunn said. "It's happening every second of every day," he said.

Dunn also questions the estimate that commercial child porn is a $20 billion a year industry -- a figure cited in a 2006 congressional hearing -- and instead thinks it's substantially lower, perhaps in the tens of millions of dollars.


Indeed, looking at Dunn his operational history and so on, as a slight aside:


http://www.sott.net/article/215448-Doct ... -porn-ring

Since the websites -- with names like "Excited Angels" and "Boys Say Go" -- went offline in January, the number of active commercial child porn sites has nosedived from perhaps 300 to the single digits, said Matt Dunn, of the Department of Homeland Security's Immigration and Custom's Enforcement (ICE), which was the lead law enforcement agency.



Indeed, the ring got paid well -- making somewhere between $5 million to $8 million from early 2006 until late 2007, according to Dunn.


FBI special agent Michael Dzielak investigated the ring with Dunn and other international partners. Like Dunn, he believes the bust has dealt a fatal blow to the child-porn-for-money market -- at least for now.

"It is a game changer," Dzielak said.

Eleven members of the child porn ring were located in Belarus and arrested in 2008. In January of this year, Ukrainian authorities arrested five more.

The ring used a variety of online and traditional payment methods, elaborate defense measures and a franchise business model one Interpol agent compared to a fast food chain to make millions of dollars providing 10,000 Americans and 20,000 others across the globe access to images and videos of sexually exploited boys and girls, some reportedly as young as 3 years old.


http://www.ecpatinternational.com/EI/re ... sp?id=1026

Where the pornography came from, and who the young victims are, are unclear. Dunn, section chief in the Child Exploitation Section of the ICE Cyber Crimes Center, says many of the images were recycled from LS and BD studios, giant Ukrainian producers of child pornography that were raided in 2004.


As you can see, this relatively small CP ring was in fact the near totality of commercial CP known to ICE investigators during this time period, despite being operated by only about sixteen individuals and selling content to thirty thousand individuals, making about four million dollars a year doing so. Of course, there are other such operations, including smaller scale ones that are hidden from HUMINT penetration identifying them and yet which in aggregate can account for substantial sums of money, and yet it is clearly the opinion of the law enforcement community that the commercial CP industry is valued at only some tens of millions of dollars at the most, rather than the claims of billions of dollars promulgated by the Sex Cultists, including very commonly to the congress and supreme court. The scientific journals are in accordance with the law enforcement community estimates of the scale of the commercial CP industry, leaving the Sex Cultists as the odd men out essentially, and yet as the ones with the most influence being exerted over congress and the courts as their religion is respected in violation of the first amendment of the constitution.

Note as well that much of the imagery came from a previously raided outfit known as LS and a splinter from them known as BD, which was at the time and most likely in general among the largest producers of commercial CP in the world.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LS_Studio

The Ukrainian Angels Studio, better known as LS-Studio, (and also LS-Studios) based in Ukraine and was an online subscription service and photography studio that created hundreds of thousands of photographic images (and hundreds of videos) of young teen and prepubescent girls and sold them via the Internet from 2001 to August 2004.[1] During that time it produced approximately 80 issues or collections, such as LS-Magazine, LS-Island, LS-Land, LS-Dreams, LS-Stars, LS-Barbie, LS-Flash, LS-Girls, LS-Fantasy, etc., and had thousands of members worldwide. Subscription was done entirely online, and members paid for the service with credit cards.[1]

While early collections often featured nude girls in natural poses, later collections also contained many images of girls in sexually suggestive poses.[1] No actual sexual acts were portrayed but there were implied sexual acts. Many later collections also featured the girls wearing custom-tailored costumes. The backgrounds appeared to be custom-built, similar to stage-play sets.[1]

Approximately 1500 children, ages eight to 16, were recruited as models in Kiev, Kharkov and Simferopol in Ukraine. Various nude photos were taken and uploaded to servers in the United States and Canada.[1] Quality and quantity of material from that studio was unmatched, and soon it became the most popular child erotica website in the world. The site brought in several hundred thousand dollars in profit during the three years it was in service. It has since been shut down.[1]


As you can see, LS studio made several hundreds of thousands of dollars in profit during the time in which it was the largest distributor of CP in the world from 2001-2004. This is in stark contrast to the claims being promoted through the media at the time that CP was a three billion dollar industry, though again taking other for profit transactions into account will raise the veridical value above that of LS, the promulgated figure was three or four orders of magnitude above a realistic estimation.

Furthermore, LS studio produced softcore artful nude photography largely of teenage girls who signed up for the process with their parents permission. Examples of the character of their material would be a nude young teenage girl who is naked other than for angel wing props, with backdrops of heaven. Another example may be another girl naked other than for a space helmet prop, with a backdrop of outer space. Some of the images included genitalia, however in general it was of the taste one would expect from a high class adult erotica magazine rather than what is commonly imagined in relation to CP. Additionally, it was not considered particularly inappropriate by the cultural norms of the Ukraine.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2004_Ukra ... aphy_raids

The 2004 Ukrainian child pornography raids occurred in July 2004, when police in Ukraine raided a softcore child pornography ring operating in the cities of Kiev, Kharkiv and Simferopol.[1] The ring had operated since 2001 and used a modeling agency as a front.[1] Although some models were of legal age—18+—approximately 1,500 girls aged from 8 to 16 were said to have been to the agency. Erotic materials produced by the agency were distributed over the Internet to various countries.

The agency, Ukrainian Angels Studio, streamed on the web was called LS (Lolita Studio) Models and had a number of different domains such as LS Island, LS Magazine, Lolitas on Holiday, LS Dreams, and a series of sites under the LS Land moniker.

The Crime Investigation Department of the Ministry for the Interior conducted the raids. The deputy head of the department, Vitaly Yarema, said that the bank accounts of the agency, containing hundreds of thousands of dollars, had been frozen.[1] Ukrainian Angels Studios actually began work much earlier, around 1999 or 2000. It split in 2001 into two separate outlets, LS and BD. BD had its own series of photos and videos which lasted until 2004. Many of the models went to other studios, none lasting more than a year. The last known groups were Karina World and Pink-Teens. Both closed in 2007. They featured former LS Models, now of legal age (over 18).

The raids were conducted after a joint investigation between Ukrainian police and Interpol. In 2005 the United States Department of State announced that there was further cooperation between Ukrainian police and other law enforcement agencies internationally.[2]

The investigation following the raids was completed by 6 April 2005.[3]

Two leaders of the agency were taken into custody but have since been released.[citation needed] Most of the parents of the girls refused to press charges.



A rough approximation:

Image

Back to the topic of the distributors who operated 97% of all known commercial CP sites, note that they had a total of approximately 30,000 customers. Let’s compare that to the prevalence of CP viewing on P2P networks:

http://forensics.umass.edu/pubs/hurley.www.2013.pdf

Over a one year period, we observed over 1.8 million distinct peers on eMule and over 700,000 peers on Gnutella, from over 100 countries, sharing hundreds of thou- sands of files verified as CP.


From spidering two P2P networks for a period of one year, these researchers identified 2,500,000 distribution points for CP. Keep in mind that this is only two P2P networks. CP is freely distributed through numerous other P2P networks, as well as through forums on the clearnet, on the darknet, through imageboards, and so on. However, just for the sake of analysis, let’s assume that these two P2P networks, and the distributors detected on them consist of the totality of noncommercial distribution points, even though this will be a substantial underestimate. If we compare this to the 300 known commercial distribution points previously cited, we will see that non-commercial CP distribution points account for 99.9988% of known CP distribution points. Of course, this is just a quick figure, seeing as we cannot account for unknown commercial CP distribution points, but again we are only accounting for two P2P networks regarding noncommercial distribution, so it is clear that noncommercial CP distribution approaches 100%. Commercial CP distribution points account for less than a hundredth of one percent of CP distribution points.

P2P spidering operations typically are incapable of detecting people who are not distributors because they rely on searching through shared folders. If shared folders are not enabled, they have nowhere to look to find CP. People can still be detected if they download from honeypot peers, however they will not be taken into account in the results of spidering based operations. Even if we were to assume that the 2,500,000 distributors detected on these two P2P networks accounted for the totality of all CP accessors (which is to ignore things such as Tor, Freenet, all other P2P networks, people without shared folders on these networks, and so on), comparing this to the 30,000 customers of 97% of known CP sites operating in the 2006-2007 era, we see that noncommercial CP accessing accounts for 98.8% of CP accessing.

These examples are just rough sketches to give you a general overview of the situation in a way that can be supported with citations. In both cases they overestimate the percentages for commercial CP. In reality both CP distribution and CP accessing are almost entirely noncommercial, in both cases noncommercial approaches 100%.

https://www.sott.net/article/215448-Doc ... -porn-ring

Child exploitation experts say the global bust does not mean the online universe is now child-porn free. The lion's share of these images and videos are disseminated for free via e-mail and peer-to-peer file sharing between individuals, who often belong to trust-based clubs.


Back on the primary track, we can see that exaggerations of the magnitude of the CP industry are simply par for the course from the Sex Cultists, even as a lack of coordination between them leads to partitioning of their signaled fantasy world that is by the law of noncontradiction simply impossible in actuality:


2005:

http://womensenews.org/2005/12/child-po ... ction-web/

$3 Billion in Annual Sales

Allen says that global sales of illegal pornography that exploits children--including those under 4 years old--are about $3 billion a year.



http://www.safefamilies.org/sfStats.php

As of December 2005, child pornography was a $3 billion annual industry (Internet Filter Review).


2006:

http://www.internetnews.com/bus-news/ar ... timony.htm

Congressional estimates put the online child pornography business at $20 billion a year and growing. Online or offline, child pornography is illegal in the United States and most other countries.


2008:

http://sd05.senate.ca.gov/news/2008-04- ... -committee

“Child porn is a $3 billion dollar industry, fueled by images of sexual abuse, rape, and torture of children,”


2013:

https://www.nbcnews.com/id/32880508/ns/ ... increases/

More than 4 million Web sites worldwide show images of children being sexually exploited, said the U.N. investigator on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography, Najat M'jid Maalla.
....


Maalla urged international cooperation to stop the child pornography industry, which she estimated to be worth between $3 billion and $20 billion. She recommended countries share information on sites containing child pornography in order to block them faster.


As a short aside note that the United Nations is essentially a primary base of operations for the Sex Cult:

http://www.popsci.com/man-who-lit-dark-web

More than 1 million are children. Nearly one-quarter are bought and sold as sex slaves. Only 1-in-100 victims of human trafficking is ever rescued. It’s a booming business. High profits and low risk make human trafficking one of the fastest-growing and most lucrative crimes on the planet; the U.N. recently estimated that trafficking nets $150 billion a year.


https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/fac ... ed-states/

But there’s a bigger problem. Shared Hope’s graphic gave as its source a 2005 International Labour Organization report on human trafficking. But that report contains no mention of a $9.8 billion figure for human trafficking in the United States.


Back on track:

2013 still:

https://www.huffingtonpost.com/mary-l-p ... 94430.html

Child pornography is one of the fastest growing businesses online, with estimated annual revenue of $3 billion.


In 2016 some of the splinter organizations are starting to reject the veracity of the booming multi billion dollar CP industry, for example ICMEC which is a splinter denomination from NCMEC:

https://www.icmec.org/wp-content/upload ... linked.pdf

Little more than a decade ago, child pornography was a multi-billion dollar commercial enterprise and was among the fastest growing businesses on the Internet. Today, the commercial trade of child pornography online has been significantly reduced due to a variety of successful efforts to combat its growth.


As you can see, these people cannot all simultaneously be correct. The United Nations "expert" said that in 2013 CP was a booming 3-20 billion dollar industry, whereas the ICMEC "expert" said that it was over a decade ago that it was a multi-billion dollar commercial enterprise. In reality they are both religiously insane, but their delusional fantasy worlds are incompatible with each other.

Numerous miscellaneous mentions of the booming multi billion dollar CP industry:

http://www.eastvalleytribune.com/local/ ... 03286.html

commercial child porn is a $20 billion a year industry -- a figure cited in a 2006 congressional hearing


http://www.eagletribune.com/news/new_ha ... 9c7b5.html

Phinney, aided by Assistant County Attorney Sarah Warecki, also said society needs deterrence because "predators such as Curry provide the motivation to this multibillion-dollar industry,"


http://www.wtok.com/news/headlines/2470381.html

Child pornography is among the fastest growing businesses on the Internet, a $20 billion per year enterprise.


http://www.frontpagemag.com/fpm/143067/ ... -handrahan

Dr. Lori Handrahan

When these kinds of crimes are ignored by the Department of Justice, there is a clear crisis in our Homeland. Children are being trafficked to feed America’s billion-dollar child porn industry. Too many police are involved. Mr. Holder is allowing this national epidemic of child porn to flourish inside our justice system, crippling our most vulnerable citizens; our children.



Half of all child porn now originates in America. The profits are massive. Estimated porn profits in 2006 exceed combined revenues of Microsoft, Google, Amazon, eBay, Yahoo, Apple, Netflix and EarthLink ranging from $3-$20 billion annually.


A more notable example, from 2015, being the following article from a self identified feminist journalist:

http://www.alternet.org/media/digital-p ... s-among-us

Booming Cross-Border Business

According to a frequently mentioned statistic, the child pornography industry generates $50 billion every year; other sources speak of a $20 billion industry.
In other words, the CAM industry is not a select club of old perverts roaming the web in the privacy of their musty apartment—it’s a multibillion-dollar business of global magnitude, with thriving demand and supply.


Which cites this seemingly evangelical Christian oriented site:

https://azpolicypages.com/marriage-fami ... rnography/

By some reports, child pornography is estimated to be as much as a $50 billion a year industry.[1]


Which cites this paper on feminism:

https://www.slideshare.net/maryconnavar ... t-feminism

Gender sensitivity about feminism

...

Another thing that keeps these web sites going is the amount of money that can, and is being made with this business. Some reports show that child pornography over the internet is more than a 50 billion dollar a year business.


Which cites nothing and is just an ipsedixitism essentially. It is very common to see such statistics laundering from the Sex Cultists:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Child_porn

The United Kingdom children's charity NCH has stated that demand for child pornography on the Internet has led to an increase in sex abuse cases, due to an increase in the number of children abused in the production process.[38]


Note that this wikipedia article incorrectly cites the following article by its click bait headline as opposed to by its content which is contrary to its own headline:

https://www.theguardian.com/technology/ ... nsservices

Demand for child pornography on the internet has led to an increase in sex abuse cases, it was claimed today.

Children's charity NCH - formerly National Children's Homes - said there was evidence that the 1,500% rise in child pornography cases since 1988 would be reflected in more children being abused to produce the pictures.


"The scale of the problem has changed beyond recognition in just over a decade," said NCH's internet consultant John Carr.

"The increased demand has made child pornography into big business and the consequences for children in all parts of the world are horrifying."


As you can see they go from saying there was an increase in sex abuse cases caused by the viewing of CP to saying that there was evidence indicating there WOULD BE an increase in sex abuse correlating with the viewing of CP. In reality scientific statistical analyses have determined that there is an inverse correlation between the viewing of CP and the child sexual abuse rate, which supports the substitution hypothesis:

https://www.springer.com/about+springer ... -1042321-0

Could making child pornography legal lead to lower rates of child sex abuse? It could well do, according to a new study by Milton Diamond, from the University of Hawaii, and colleagues.

Results from the Czech Republic showed, as seen everywhere else studied (Canada, Croatia, Denmark, Germany, Finland, Hong Kong, Shanghai, Sweden, USA), that rape and other sex crimes have not increased following the legalization and wide availability of pornography. And most significantly, the incidence of child sex abuse has fallen considerably since 1989, when child pornography became readily accessible – a phenomenon also seen in Denmark and Japan. Their findings are published online today in Springer’s journal Archives of Sexual Behavior.

The findings support the theory that potential sexual offenders use child pornography as a substitute for sex crimes against children



http://unh.edu/ccrc/pdf/CV204%20CP%20possessors.pdf

One concern is that the accessibility of online CP has caused increases in child sexual abuse. Some research suggests that CP may trigger sexual abuse by activating and validating sexual urges in CP viewers that were previously suppressed or con- trolled (Beech et al., 2008; Quayle & Taylor, 2003; Wilson & Jones, 2008). There is no evidence of increasing abuse in the United States, however. In fact, rates of child sexual abuse have declined substantially since the mid-1990s, a time period that corresponds to the spread of CP online. Statistics from U.S. child protective service agencies show that from 1992 to 2007, child sexual abuse declined 53% (Jones & Finkelhor, 2009), including interfamilial abuse (Finkelhor & Jones, 2006). Evidence of this decline also comes from victim self-report surveys and U.S. criminal justice system data (Finkelhor & Jones, 2008; Finkelhor, Turner, Ormrod, & Hamby, 2010), as well as the child pro-tective services data collection system. The fact that this trend is revealed in multiple sources tends to undermine arguments that it is because of reduced reporting or changes in investigatory or statistical procedures.


https://www.amazon.com/Illegal-Images-S ... 1929657722

Twenty years ago, the issue of child pornography was limited to helping professionals who specialized in the area of sexual offenses. However, with the widespread use of the Internet and subsequent technologies, child pornography is more available and accessible than ever.


Unfortunately this link is broken now, and yet I am confident I properly transcribed it as well as that such studies can be located:

http://nationalcac.org/ncac-blog/child- ... -what.html

An annual report recently released by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services showed that the rates of child abuse and child neglect have declined for the third year in a row. Another study confirmed a continued decline in the rate of child sexual abuse, which is now roughly half what it was 20 years ago.


It's the same relationship between adult porn and rape of adults:

http://bigthink.com/dollars-and-sex/fre ... rape-rates

It may seem like the relationship between internet access and rape is spurious, but evidence suggests that even after controlling for known determinants of rape rates (such as policing, urbanization, poverty and the age distributions), a 10% increase in internet access coincides with a fall in rape rates of 7.3%. *

With 88,097 rapes in the US in 2009, this suggests that if 81% of US homes had internet access 6,437 fewer women would report being raped every year. Once you take into consideration unreported rapes that figure will be much higher.

The argument given in this particular paper is that porn and rape are, in the economic sense, substitutes. Two "goods" are substitutes when the price of one good falls, the demand for that good increases relative to the other good.


Which makes perfect sense as of course people are going to be encouraged to molest children rather than look at imagery of such in an environment such as:

http://www.inquisitr.com/3473588/joseph ... video/amp/

Joseph Presley: 23-Year-Old Youth Minister Gets 30 Days In Jail From Judge Calvin Holden For Molesting 8-Year-Old Boy


http://www.christianpost.com/news/flori ... ere-60802/

On Thursday, a Florida circuit court sentenced Daniel Enrique Guevara Vilca, a stockroom clerk whose home computer contained a cache of child pornography, to life in prison without the possibility of parole.


Substitution strategies are scientifically supported:

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article ... obots.html

Some scientist are actually claiming that child sex dolls may reduce pedophilia.

'To the contrary, these dolls create a real risk of reinforcing pedophilic behavior and they desensitize the user causing him to engage in sicker and sicker behavior,' Goodlatte stated.




However, for the Sex Cultists:

https://www.pathtojustice.com/blog/mash ... y-victims/

Therefore, as these graphic sexual images populate and spread, we can unfortunately predict there will be more child sexual abuse.


Is a protected superstition which they are essentially incapable of ending their belief in:

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2 ... 151838.htm

"When there's a question of faith, from the analytic point of view, it may seem absurd," said Tony Jack, who led the research. "But, from what we understand about the brain, the leap of faith to belief in the supernatural amounts to pushing aside the critical/analytical way of thinking to help us achieve greater social and emotional insight."


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Superstition

A recent theory by Jane Risen proposes that superstitions are intuitions that people acknowledge to be wrong, but acquiesce to rather than correct when they arise as the intuitive assessment of a situation. Her theory draws on dual-process models of reasoning. In this view, superstitions are the output of "System 1" reasoning that are not corrected even when caught by "System 2".[19]


https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/154f/9 ... b09f17.pdf

Both identify areas in the DMN and TPN associated with System 1 and System 2 reasoning respectively.


The notion that the viewing of CP will via supply demand economics cause an increase to the child sexual abuse rate is a core protected superstitious belief of the superordinate Sex Cult denomination, and no amount of evidence is sufficient to convince them that this is make believe. In this manner, as well as numerous others, they are similar to the anti vaccination movement,

https://www.cnn.com/2008/HEALTH/dailydo ... m.mercury/

Years ago, people made predictions -- by removing thimerosal, the number of cases of autism should decrease -- therefore showing that thimerosal is a cause of autism. This new study puts that idea in jeopardy. Similar studies have been done in Canada and Denmark with the same results: thimerosal was removed, but autism is still on the rise. This is a strong message; it very clearly shows, and reassures, that autism did not arrive through a vaccine.


Note as well that when their original predictions failed to have evidence in support of them by the scientific method, that they then, in their more rigorous manifestations (with the less rigorous of them simply never ending their scientifically refuted belief) backtracked in both cases to claims of aggregate data sets hiding sub-populations:

Anti-vaccination movement pertinent:

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/david-kir ... 37360.html

As for vaccines, "Numerous epidemiological studies have found no relationship between ASD and vaccines containing the mercury based preservative thimerosal," the IACC noted. "These data, as well as subsequent research, indicate that the link between autism and vaccines is unsupported by the epidemiological research literature. However, the Institute of Medicine report acknowledged that the existing population-based studies were limited in their ability to detect small susceptible subpopulations that could be more genetically vulnerable to environmental exposures."


sciencebasedmedicine.org/autism-and-vaccines-responding-to-poling-and-kirby/

An anti-vaxx sympathizer:

Epidemiological studies which have not found a link between autism and aspects of vaccination do not consider the concept of autism subgroups. Indeed, in a heterogeneous disorder like Autism, subgroups may indeed be ‘vaccine-injured’ but the effect is diluted out in the larger population (improperly powered study due to inability to calculate effect size with unknown susceptible subpopulation).


The response of an evidence based medicine adherent:

His next statement is technically true – that studies designed to look for an effect in an entire population may not be powered to find those effects in a much smaller subgroup. But I have been reading the literature long enough to recognize this as a juicy post-hoc rationalization. In other words – this is what proponents always say after the evidence doesn’t support their contentions. It’s true – but it doesn’t mean there is an effect in a subgroup – it just means we cannot rule out effects that are smaller than the data is capable of showing. This is universally true – by itself it does not rescue data from being negative. At best it means that you can generate a new hypothesis (a subgroup effect) after the old one has been rejected (no effect in the entire group). But all you have now is an untested hypothesis – speculation, not evidence.


And look then at the Sex Cultist response to the statistical analyses showing the inverse correlation, in support of the substitution hypothesis and contrary to the supply demand hypothesis:

http://unh.edu/ccrc/pdf/CV204%20CP%20possessors.pdf

Even if child sexual abuse has not increased, more abusers may be recording and circulating images of the abuse they perpetrate, there could be increases or shifts in victim popula-tions that might not be reflected in large aggregated data collection systems, and increases in abuse associated with CP consumption could be seen in the future.


The Sex Cult is just like the anti vaccination movement.

http://jhppl.dukejournals.org/content/37/1/69.short

The last dozen years have seen a massive transnational mobilization of the legal, political, and research communities in response to the worrisome hypothesis that vaccines could have a link to childhood autism and other developmental conditions. Vaccine critics, some already organized and some composed of newly galvanized parents, developed an alternate world of internally legitimating studies, blogs, conferences, publications, and spokespeople to affirm a connection.


As I have noted above, there is indeed a complex community of researchers, journals, and articles to point to, facts to recite, conferences to attend, and professional groups to connect with that supply a great deal of internal legitimacy


Image

Image

Image

https://www.sciencebasedmedicine.org/je ... e-vaccine/

Like Steve Novella, I have no doubt that Jenny McCarthy and Jim Carrey mean well, but I agree that it’s not enough to mean well. There’s a famous saying that the road to hell is paved with good intentions. My usually corollary to this saying is that good intentions coupled with misinformation and self-righteousness are the straightest and surest route to hell that I can think of, and among the best examples of this corollary are parents who have been misled by the pseudoscience of the cottage industry of autism quackery that depends on the belief that vaccines cause autism for its profitability.


https://www.theverge.com/science/2017/7 ... ne-mandate

But some experts question whether a vaccination mandate will sway public opinion in France, where distrust in vaccines has risen alarmingly in recent years. In a survey published last year, 41 percent of respondents in France disagreed with the statement that vaccines are safe — the highest rate of distrust among the 67 countries that were surveyed, and more than three times higher than the global average.


https://impact.vice.com/en_us/article/e ... al-science

"It feels like we're back in the '40s when vaccines were widely contested," Professor François Chast -- a leading pro-vaccine activist and head of the Hotel-Dieu clinic in Paris - told VICE Impact. "How did we get here? The idea that all information is equal."


http://journals.plos.org/plosone/articl ... ne.0149989

Engaging social stimuli are associated with activation of the DMN and deactivation of the TPN, whereas analytic problems are associated with activation of the TPN and deactivation of the DMN.


https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2 ... 151838.htm

"These findings," Friedman continued, "are consistent with the philosophical view, espoused by (Immanuel) Kant, according to which there are two distinct types of truth: empirical and moral."




With organizations such as NCMEC playing the role of NVIC:

http://www.freerangekids.com/group-that ... er-danger/

Yesterday, Callahan Walsh of NCMEC—The National Center for Missing and Exploited Children—appeared on Good Morning America to urge parents to stop using the phrase “stranger danger”—the phrase that NCMEC itself popularized for decades. They rightly noted—finally—that most child sexual exploitation is from someone known to the child, not a stranger.

For decades, NCMEC has told parents to fear “stranger danger,” and instructed them to transmit this fear to their kids. They even got the phrase institutionalized in elementary schools.


NCMEC has been one of the single biggest drivers of parents’ fear in our lifetime. By conflating “missing” and “exploited,” they have panicked Americans into thinking the average child is “at risk” of being kidnapped. By talking about “children” they conflate the experiences of five-year-olds and 17-year-olds. According to their own website, over 90% of “missing” teens are not “missing,” they have run away. Some are no doubt living on the street and risking their health and lives, but they have not been kidnapped. In fact, over 3/4 of runaways are running away from institutions like foster homes and other social services.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Wals ... ision_host)

Following the crime, the Walsh family founded the Adam Walsh Child Resource Center, a non-profit organization dedicated to legislative reform.[10] The centers, originally located in West Palm Beach, Florida; Columbia, South Carolina; Orange County, California; and Rochester, New York; merged with the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC), where John Walsh serves on the board of directors.


http://www.nvic.org/about/barbaraloefisher.aspx

The daughter of a nurse and an Army officer, she graduated from the University of Maryland with a B.A. in English and was a writer and community relations professional at a teaching hospital before becoming a Mom in 1978. The mother of three grown children, her oldest son suffered a convulsion, collapse and brain inflammation within hours of his fourth DPT shot in 1980 when he was two and a half years old and was left with multiple learning disabilities and attention deficit disorder.


And with its own sprawling network of government grant embezzlers, operating undoubtedly in the spirit of one of their founding members, Dr. Densen-Gerber:

http://www.truth-out.org/news/item/2876 ... cking-ngos

Hard Numbers and Malleable Data

Numbers throughout the murky world of human trafficking are notoriously hard to verify. How many traffickers? Uncountable! How many victims? So many! How old are they? Too young! How much money changes hands? Zillions upon gajillions of dollars, daily! "Scarily lucrative," Time declared it in a May 2014 headline. Sound unbelievable? It is, and aid groups will claim it's because the unvarnished truth of human slavery is incomprehensible to most living Americans today.


It may not seem like much, for 50 organizations spread across a giant country, working on what may be one of the most pressing human rights issues of our day. Yet $686 million breaks down to about $13.7 million per group, per year - money most organizations of any size would be thrilled to get their hands on. And this amount doesn't include federal funds spent to fight human trafficking, rumored to be between $1.2 and $1.5 billion per year.

Considering that most of the groups were founded after Somaly Mam began appearing regularly in US media between 2006 and 2008, it's notable that the US anti-trafficking movement seems to be one of the few reliable growth areas in the United States' post-recession economy besides low-wage service work.


https://reason.com/blog/2014/06/12/eden ... alls-apart

It's a pretty good summary of the standard narrative on sex-trafficking these days: it's everywhere, all the time, and we don't even know it; the only way to combat it is to keep throwing cops and money and laws at it; and anyone who questions any of this is only aiding the evildoers. It's almost impossible to argue with people who buy this narrative, because the more evidence you present challenging sex trafficking's pervasiveness, the more they see proof that sex trafficking is so under the radar we need to throw more cops and money and laws at it.


https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the ... tatistics/

Despite plenty of evidence of the harm caused by criminalization, there’s still a tremendous amount of money in representing it as the “cure” for a situation it actually exacerbates. In an interview last May, Michael Horowitz, a fellow at the conservative Hudson Institute who led efforts to pass the federal Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000, told the Las Vegas Review Journal that the anti-trafficking movement has become more about securing grants for research than protecting victims. “Now it’s just one big federal entitlement program,” he said, “and everybody is more worried about where they’re going to get their next grant.”


As well as pseudoscientists:

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the ... detention/

McKune provides a single citation to support its statement “that the recidivism rate of untreated offenders has been estimated to be as high as 80%”: the U.S. Dept. of Justice, Nat. Institute of Corrections, A Practitioner’s Guide to Treating the Incarcerated Male Sex Offender xiii (1988). Justice Kennedy likely found that reference in the amicus brief supporting Kansas filed by the Solicitor General, then Ted Olson, as the SG’s brief also cites it for the claim that sex offenders have this astonishingly high recidivism rate. This Practitioner’s Guide11 itself provides but one source for the claim, an article published in 1986 in Psychology Today, a mass market magazine aimed at a lay audience. That article has this sentence: “Most untreated sex offenders released from prison go on to commit more offenses– indeed, as many as 80% do.” But the sentence is a bare assertion: the article contains no supporting reference for it. But perhaps the author was merely offering an estimate based on his training and expertise. The problem there is that he had little of either.

He is a counselor, not a scholar of sex crimes or re-offense rates, and the cited article is not about recidivism statistics. It’s about a counseling program for sex offenders he then ran in an Oregon prison. His unsupported assertion about the recidivism rate for untreated sex offenders was offered to contrast with his equally unsupported assertion about the lower recidivism rate for those who complete his program.



https://reason.com/blog/2018/11/14/the- ... id-about-s

That phrase comes from Justice Anthony Kennedy's plurality opinion in the 2002 Supreme Court case McKune v. Lile, where he claimed "the rate of recidivism of untreated offenders has been estimated to be as high as 80%." Kennedy's characterization of the recidivism risk as "frightening and high" has been echoed in scores of decisions upholding restrictions on sex offenders. But the original source for his recidivism estimate was an uncorroborated assertion in a 1986 Psychology Today article by a therapist who has repudiated the number, saying he is "appalled" at its lingering impact.


https://rsoresearch.files.wordpress.com ... ng_kit.pdf

Nevertheless, Dr. Hernandez privately distributed his study widely, without peer review or any other oversight, and thus bypassed normal opportunities for either scientific validation or refutation by experts in the field of sexual offender diagnosis and treatment. He distributed his study to a limited but very receptive audience nationally (and later internationally, specifically Great Britain), including law enforcement officials and agencies, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the Department of Justice (DOJ), and state and federal prosecutors. But it was the policy makers who especially welcomed the study‘s implications.


http://jaapl.org/content/42/4/404

From both a clinical and an actuarial statistical perspective, an early retrospective study conducted at a Federal Civil Commitment Facility in Butner, North Carolina, inferred an association between accessing child pornography and hands-on sexual offending.3 That study has been criticized regarding its methodology and lack of scientific rigor.4 More recent prospective data have questioned the contention that there is a correlation between accessing child pornography and hands-on offending.5 For example, one such study found that less than one percent of 231 men who had viewed child pornography (but with no evidence of a prior hands-on sexual offense) had gone on to commit a hands-on sexual offense.6 From a purely statistical standpoint (all else being equal) individuals with no history of a hands-on sexual offense against a child, but who have accessed child pornography, are at low risk as a group of committing a hands-on sexual offense in the future.5


https://jezebel.com/5785245/the-trouble ... statistics

"It's now clear [anti-trafficking groups] used fake data to deceive the media and lie to Congress," the story charges. "And it was all done to score free publicity and a wealth of public funding."

What's the meat behind those claims? The story details how the Women's Funding Network commissioned a study from a political consulting group run by Beth Schapiro, which devised a totally unscientific method for determining how many online classified ads depicted children. It entailed having a group of adults guess, by looking at a picture in an ad, how old the person depicted was, and then doing it again over time to fuel the charge of explosive growth. Experts interviewed by City Pages point out that this is ridiculous from a methodological point of view — among the many criticisms, there's no way of knowing how old someone is from a picture, there's no way of knowing when the picture was taken, and there's no way of knowing if the picture is even of someone behind the advertised service.

The study, which was funded with public money, was subsequently uncritically picked up nationwide in headlines trumpeting a massive rise in the trafficking of children.


As well as seemingly delusional ideation regarding essentially magic:

“These cases involve real-life abuse and assault of children. Every time an image is viewed, it’s like the assault happened again,” said Andrew M. McLees, special agent in charge of the Newark office of U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement's Homeland Security Investigations.


http://human-stupidity.com/stupid-dogma ... oo-science

“merely having possession and viewing images such as this does victimize and hurt the individual portrayed in the image.” This is some mystical religious thinking. Like in Voodoo. And note, this was said by a respectable lawyer to appease a judge. And this logic is used over and over, for example by Australian Government web sites.


https://www.dailyherald.com/article/201 ... 701169906/

"... every time somebody looks at that image it's like the crime is taking place all over again…"


http://fox8.com/2012/05/21/former-pasto ... n-charges/

"we hear that in court that they feel like they are victimized every single time someone downloads their videos or looks at their videos they feel like they are being raped all over again,” said Canonico


http://www.counselheal.com/articles/249 ... dicted.htm

The children might feel like being raped time and again when someone watches it.


http://www.staradvertiser.com/breaking- ... aphy-case/

Attorney General Doug Chin said in a news release: “Child pornography is child abuse. Victims of child pornography are abused when the images are first taken and they are abused again each and every time these horrendous images are viewed. Our department will continue to investigate and prosecute anyone who possesses or disseminates child pornography.”


It should be noted as well the clear financial interests at play:

https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/wi ... ublic-fear

Finally, public hysteria over a perceived problem often results in the passing of legislation that is highly punitive, unnecessary, and serves to justify the agendas of those in positions of power and authority.


https://web.archive.org/web/20080828193 ... 1002416338

Last year, Biden sponsored an RIAA-backed bill called the Perform Act aimed at restricting Americans' ability to record and play back individual songs from satellite and Internet radio services. (The RIAA sued XM Satellite Radio over precisely this point.)

All of which meant that nobody in Washington was surprised when Biden was one of only four U.S. senators invited to a champagne reception in celebration of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act hosted by the MPAA's Jack Valenti, the RIAA, and the Business Software Alliance.



https://www.cnet.com/news/senator-lets- ... gal-files/

Democrat Joe Biden at Capitol Hill hearing urges more police to be trained in software developed by agent specializing in searching for child pornography.

WASHINGTON--A prominent Senate Democrat on Wednesday said federal and local police should use custom software to monitor peer-to-peer networks for illegal activity, and he wants to spend $1 billion in tax dollars to help make that happen.



http://forensics.umass.edu/pubs/hurley.www.2013.pdf

Measurement and Analysis of Child Pornography Trafficking on P2P Networks


https://www.nsrl.nist.gov/Documents/App ... 30802.docx

Illicit Image Detection. Given a set of target images, approximate matching can be used to search for manipulated variants of images in the set, fragments of known images, or images secreted in other files such as music files.

Intellectual Property Enforcement. As with illicit image detection, approximate matching can be used in the detection of manipulated or hidden copies of copyrighted works including documents, images, audio files and movies.


As well as:

https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2017/04/s ... m-internet

More than a dozen state legislatures are considering a bill called the “Human Trafficking Prevention Act,” which has nothing to do with human trafficking and all to do with one man’s crusade against pornography at the expense of free speech.

At its heart, the model bill would require device manufacturers to pre-install “obscenity” filters on devices like cell phones, tablets, and computers. Consumers would be forced to pony up $20 per device in order to surf the Internet without state censorship. The legislation is not only technologically unworkable, it violates the First Amendment and significantly burdens consumers and businesses.

That's a long post, I will try to read later, good to see mrz back, hopefully more well known users come back and this website gets more users and becomes more interesting to use, still the only good incel site, other than lookism which has too many technical issues and is generally dead.
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Perhaps I won't bother reading after all, since i really no longer believe I am an autistic, I am just some one with a unique personality and political beliefs, so I don't fit into society at ALL, even other incels or white nationalists are exactly different to me, so that is just something I think, there are so many autistic soyboys out there on reddit who fit into liberal society just fine, so you might not have autism mrz, you might just have a unique personality or political views, because I know an autistic who CANNOT think for himself and has such mainstream views, he has no trouble finding online communities to talk to, but can't socialize IRL.

dsar9012 wrote:Perhaps I won't bother reading after all, since i really no longer believe I am an autistic, I am just some one with a unique personality and political beliefs, so I don't fit into society at ALL, even other incels or white nationalists are exactly different to me, so that is just something I think, there are so many autistic soyboys out there on reddit who fit into liberal society just fine, so you might not have autism mrz, you might just have a unique personality or political views, because I know an autistic who CANNOT think for himself and has such mainstream views, he has no trouble finding online communities to talk to, but can't socialize IRL.


Being able to think by yourself and do analytical observations is not enough to say you are not autistic.
Maybe you are talking about an extreme case, but there are various degrees of autism.
An aspie for example is an autist-lite, and i think most incels fit into this category.
The only proof you are not autis/aspie is an MRI scan.

@mrz You are the only one that can write an entire book in one post.
I am interested in knowing what is the conclusion of all that material, because you know... most of us have a job or a studying career and don't have the time to read it all.
Please can you write a summarizing post with the results of your findings? Thanks

The summary of the findings is essentially that there are numerous relatively discrete states of awareness that humans can be in. They are essentially states of catatonia, in that being in one results in catatonia to the stimuli of the others, and an appearance of catatonia of one degree or another to the individuals in the others. Being in one is also coupled with a lack of ability for the unique types of insight possible through the others. The most pertinent are roughly as follows:

REM Sleep (or a state mimicking it with similar neural activity as well)
Day Dreaming
Socializing
Analyzing
Observing

Separately, there is a spectrum that goes roughly as so:

Catatonic Schizophrenia
Low/Medium/High Functioning Schizophrenia
Increasingly Theistic Neurotypicality
Neurotypicality
Increasingly Atheistic Neurotypicality
High/Medium/Low Functioning Autism
Catatonic Autism

The Psychosis-Autism spectrum is actually mapped to the states of catatonia, in that catatonic schizophrenics are stuck in REM sleep, with higher degrees of functional schizophrenia then skewing away from it toward the bottom through daydreaming and socializing, as the primary modes the brains of the afflicted are in, whereas conversely the most extreme variants of autism involve being stuck in observation with then higher functioning variants skewing toward the top through analysis and socializing, with theistic neurotypicals being offset toward the top and atheistic neurotypicals being offset toward the bottom. It is normal for more or less everyone to cycle through the states in one manner or another, but neurotypicals do so in a predictable pattern that is the same as the majority of humans, so they socialize with their brain in a stereotyped mode of operation and so on. However, high functioning schizophrenics for example may engage in the task of socializing or of analyzing while their brains are in the mode of operation associated with day dreaming in neurotypicals, whereas high functioning autistic people may engage in the task of socializing while their brains are in the mode of operation associated with analysis in neurotypicals. So these conditions are fundamentally failures to toggle into the neurotypical cerebral mode of operation in response to the contexts or with the frequency of neurotypicals doing so, such that high functioning autism is skewed toward a subset of the experience of neurotypicality and high functioning schizophrenia is skewed toward an inverted subset of it, with neurotypicals being spread across the range in a neurotypical manner (though with increasing theism and with females being skewed more toward the top, and with increasingly vocal atheism and males being skewed toward the bottom).

When you are in one mode you lose the ability for the insight of the other modes. So being always in the mode of neurotypical day dreaming leads to a loss of access to the neurotypical tools of analysis, whereas being always in the neurotypical mode of analysis causes a loss of access to the neurotypical tools of socializing. Most importantly, there are at least two distinct forms of insight, namely social insight and cognitive insight, and they arise from two distinct brain networks (DMN is social, TPN is analytical) that are anti-correlated such that activation of one causes deactivation of the other. Increasingly severe schizophrenia is associated with diminished deactivation of the DMN, increasingly severe autism is associated with diminished deactivation of the TPN, and neurotypicals toggle back and forth between them contextually and more frequently in general, though with theistic neurotypicals making more use of their DMNs with rapid toggling between the two and atheistic neurotypicals making more use of their TPNs with comparatively prolonged activations of it between activations of the DMN. The DMN is intuitive, social, visual memory oriented, emotional, and the TPN is analytical, logical, rational, and verbal working memory oriented. The DMN is more internal imagery and dissociated focused and is intrinsic in that it doesn't gather signals from the environment, whereas the TPN is more external environmental oriented and is an extrinsic network in that it gathers signals from the environment.

The TPN and the DMN commonly disagree with each other, but a given individual is only going to be in one or the other in response to a given context essentially. If their brains are pharmacologically or magnetically modified they can be forced to use a different brain region though, and this can cause theistic neurotypicals to deny the believe in God by causing their DMNs to not activate and them to process the question with their TPNs essentially, which are atheistic even as their DMNs are theistic, with their typical response that they believe in God being due to them deactivating their atheistic brain network in response to that question essentially.

The DMN is to a large extent in a dreamworld that is not actual reality, and it typically converges among neurotypicals brought up in the same environments. It contains social constructs that are not existent in actual reality, and which are made reference to as if they were existent. It is literally essentially not in actual reality as it produces a phenomenology of dissociated visual imagery that is not correlated to the external environment, whereas the TPN is in actual reality in that it pulls in signals from the external environment. Challenges to political beliefs, as well as things like evidence against religious beliefs, evidence against social constructs, and so on, produces a deactivation of the TPN in neurotypicals and activation of the DMN, which is essentially like putting them into a state of schizophrenia. Essentially, the neurotypical condition is one of switching between being in actual reality and switching between being in a shared dream like state.


http://www.faceofmalawi.com/2017/07/rel ... ist-warns/

A professor at Stanford University, Robert Sapolsky, has said that religion is a mental illness, and that the behaviours exhibited by ‘prophets’ in religious texts are diagnosable acts.

The self-described atheist, who is also a neuroendocrinologist, argues that religion is comparable to a shared schizophrenia.



https://philarchive.org/archive/VANRCA-8

In this paper, I examine the relationship between social cognition and religious cognition. Many cognitive theories of religion claim that these two forms are somehow related, but the details are usually left unexplored and insights from theories of social cognition are not taken on board.


http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/obs ... eir-lives/

Some experts theorize that certain schizophrenia symptoms (for instance, paranoia) arise in part from a hyperactive sense of social reasoning.


https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4805169/

Finally, we have demonstrated that attention to engaging social stimuli not only activates the DMN but also deactivates the TPN. In a subsequent study[30] it was shown that this pattern of DMN activation and TPN deactivation was present for humanizing depictions of individuals, whereas dehumanizing depictions, which are associated with decreased moral concern, either involved decreased activity in the DMN or increased activity in the TPN. Taken together, these findings suggest that we are neurologically constrained from simultaneously exercising moral concern and analytic thinking.


https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2 ... 151838.htm

"These findings," Friedman continued, "are consistent with the philosophical view, espoused by (Immanuel) Kant, according to which there are two distinct types of truth: empirical and moral."


So essentially, neurotypicals have an impaired relationship with reality because only half of their brain is actually connected to reality essentially, whereas the other half of their brain has a socially converging dream world in it more or less, and they toggle back and forth between the two depending on the context. So, their relationship with actual reality, which is the empirical truth, is impaired because they are not always accessing the empirical truth but also some of the times access something else called the moral truth.

There are different materials associated with these truths as well. I mean the social truth is associated with themed materials similar to the Bible, though there are numerous of them other than featuring gods in them, all of which are essentially religions in essence but with different themes than God themed content, the totality of which form their social reality essentially, and give form essentially to the shared internal imagery of their convergent dreamlike state, whereas the empirical truth captures the observation of the external physical existence in a communicable abstraction and is essentially more scientific sorts of documentation that record the state of the actual external physical existence whereas the social truth more so is an insight into the internal visual imagery of the social reality of the population.

https://www.nature.com/articles/srep39589

Neural correlates of maintaining one’s political beliefs in the face of counterevidence
...
Challenges to political beliefs produced increased activity in the default mode network—a set of interconnected structures associated with self-representation and disengagement from the external world.



Given that the brain is virtually if not always in one of the states or the other (though there is some degree of anti-correlated gradient involved rather than a purely binary transition, with REM sleep being an extreme activation of the DMN as compared to day dreaming, with similar gradient degrees of deactivation of the TPN), essentially you cannot simultaneously have insight into the actual reality and the social reality, and this phenomenon is what the allegory of the cave was trying to capture.

Image

Unfortunately, the actual reality is the only reality. The social reality is not actually existent. The constructs of it are not existent in actual reality. Which is why it is essentially a schizophrenic state, a psychotic state, well, in addition to the accessing of it literally being associated with the neural activity of schizophrenics with deficient insight into the delusional nature of their ideation. However it is virtually impossible to convince someone that their social reality is not actual reality, because things pertinent to their social reality cause them to deactivate their TPNs and their DMNs are without the ability for insight into anything other than their social reality.


http://www.skepticalob.com/2016/09/are- ... teria.html

Are anti-vaccine parents in the grip of mass hysteria?

Welcome to Salem road sign illustration, with distressed foreboding background

Vaccination is one the greatest public health advances of all time.

It has saved, and continues to save, literally millions of lives each year, yet many well meaning parents have become convinced that vaccines are harmful and there is no amount of scientific evidence that can convince them otherwise.


Conversely, you will not convince someone activating his TPN that your social reality is actual reality because his TPN hasn't access into the social reality as it is experienced by your DMN essentially, so you just sound like you are a delusional schizophrenic to such an individual. Conversely, such an individual to you while you are in your DMN seems like a psychopath essentially, or an anti-social person, or someone who is oblivious to things that are obvious essentially. It is because the phenomenology of the TPN is actual reality and of the DMN it is social reality.

Are anti-vaccine parents in the grip of mass hysteria?

Welcome to Salem road sign illustration, with distressed foreboding background

Vaccination is one the greatest public health advances of all time.

It has saved, and continues to save, literally millions of lives each year, yet many well meaning parents have become convinced that vaccines are harmful and there is no amount of scientific evidence that can convince them otherwise.


I liked the whole post except this quoted article, unless you proved it is correct after running your own experiments in a laboratory.
You cannot use the term "scientific evidence" freely without actually having it.

Real scientific evidence is only provided by the scientific method: run your own experiments to prove a theory.
The rest are words and pieces of paper, which you can just believe in or not depending on the trust you give to the author.
An academic paper can be even less credible than the Bible to you if you don't trust the authors , unless you have verified its theories by yourself in your lab.

-------------------------------------------------------

Talking about vaccine, people can only verify it has/hasn't been weaponized by analyzing it under a microscope by themselves, or outsourcing the analysis to someone else but in this case they must be physically present right there and observe the experiment.
What i am saying is very demanding, because not all of us are professional chemists that know where to start from to run such an experiment, or can understand it.
This implies that 99.9% of the people that vaccine themselves are doing it because they believe it is side-effect free nowadays.
So if you do, you do it for just a belief, not scientific evidence. Do you have a microscope at home and are knowledgeable in chemistry for proving it is a safe thing to do?

Conclusion: IMO many people are anti-vax not because they are necessarily schizophrenic.
They are just skeptics or unsure who to believe in, as they don't have any proof nor counterproof of either theory (pro or anti vax).
But when you are in doubt, you prefer to stay safe : you want to avoid to potentially worsen your situation, let alone pay or waste your time for that as well.
So it's normal that many people are not sure they want to inject an unknown (as far as they know) chemical into their blood!

This is just about taking the safe route and do nothing when you are in doubt, it's not mental weakness!

It's like if a shady guy stops you on the street and asks you to close your eyes, and you don't trust him 100% of course.
Are you schizophrenic for that?
Last edited by wannabe on Tue Dec 11, 2018 2:28 am, edited 3 times in total.

We can say also that pro vs anti VAX are 2 opposing religions, from the POV of most people, in that common people don't have any scientific proof nor counterproof in their hands , as i wrote in the previous post.

So, the people skewed towards schizophrenia are going to be 100% convinced of either pro or anti-VAX , it's their call which one to prefer, based maybe on symphaty or other non rational causes.

The people skewed towards analysis are going to be skeptical about both of them, as they are skeptical by nature and
only a real proof can convince them.

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